fbpx
Monday, 15 May 2017 09:16

10 Personality Disorders You Need to Know About

By: 

Although it can be difficult to diagnose, mental illness is a serious issue, affecting one in five U.S. adults in a given year, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness. And some of the most complex mental illnesses include personality disorders. Understanding what these personality disorders are and how they manifest in an individual is important. Here are 10 you need to know about.

1. Paranoid personality disorder

Irritated woman looks on while her husband talks on the phoneParanoid personality disorder can put a rift in your relationships. | iStock.com

If a person’s social fears far exceed simply disliking others talking behind their back, it could be a sign of paranoid personality disorder, or PPD. The three main factors of PPD are ongoing suspicion, feelings of persecution, and grandiosity. And most importantly, this disorder involves a major discrepancy between how the person outwardly appears, or presents himself, and his own inner world. Despite their seemingly confident persona, which comes across as demanding, arrogant, and moralistic, people with PPD are actually timid, self-doubting, and vulnerable to erotomania (a delusion in which an individual thinks another is in love with them).

2. Schizoid personality disorder

woman annoyed at barPeople with schizoid personality disorder are totally indifferent to others. | iStock.com

While it may sound similar to the complex disease that is schizophrenia, schizoid personality disorder differs in a few key factors. People who suffer from schizoid personality disorder exhibit lifelong patterns of indifference to other people and social isolation. In people with schizophrenia, though, there is a disconnect from reality, which often appears in the form of hallucinations or delusions.

Just as the saying goes, the opposite of love is not hate, it’s indifference. And similarly, these people’s feelings are totally removed from any type of social or emotional situation. According to Medline Plus, a person with schizoid personality disorder appears distant and detached, avoids social activities that involve emotional closeness with other people, and does not want or enjoy close relationships, even with family members.

3. Schizotypal personality disorder

Couple watching horror movie on television on the couch
People with schizotypal personality disorder often avoid intimacy.|iStock.com/oneinchpunch

Yet another disorder of similar name, schitzotypal personality disorder affects a person’s interpersonal relationships and skills due to patterns of disturbed thoughts and behavior, unusual beliefs and fears, and an inability to form intimate relationships. According to Psychology Today, people with this disorder may be susceptible to joining cults or believing in witches or aliens. Additionally, these people may exhibit odd speech digressions, experience distorted thinking, and avoid intimacy.

4. Antisocial personality disorder

couple arguing
People with antisocial personality disorder disregard other people’s rights. | iStock.com

People who have been diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder aren’t just your friends you consider less-than-social. Sometimes referred to as sociopathic personality disorder, or sociopathy, this disorder is defined as a pattern of disregard for, and violation of, other people’s rights. According to the National Institutes of Health, “People with antisocial personality disorder may disregard social norms and laws, repeatedly lie, place others at risk for their own benefit, and demonstrate a profound lack of remorse.”

5. Borderline personality disorder

sad woman grasping her headThose with borderline typically have unstable moods and tumultuous relationships. | iStock.com

You’ve probably heard of this one before, as it describes people who display a pattern of ongoing instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and functioning. According to the NIH, a person with borderline personality disorder often exhibits impulsive actions and unstable relationships, and they may experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety that can last from a few hours to several days.

Common symptoms of borderline personality disorder include impulsive and often dangerous behaviors, such as spending sprees, unsafe sex, and substance abuse. Additionally, they may have recurring suicidal thoughts or threats, self-harming behavior, and suffer from dissociative symptoms, such as feeling cut off from oneself or losing touch with reality.

6. Histrionic personality disorder

woman doing makeup in front of a mirror These people often heavily rely on physical appearance. | iStock.com

Characterized by constant attention-seeking, emotional overreaction, and suggestibility, histrionic personality disorder may impair a person’s relationships and also lead to depression. However, people who suffer from the disorder are often high-functioning.

Furthermore, Psychology Today says people with this disorder can also take the role of life of the party. They need to be the center of attention, and when they are not, they become uncomfortable or feel unappreciated. They can act in a theatrical and self-centered manner, and may use sexual seductiveness in inappropriate situations. They’ll likely charm new acquaintances with their flirtatious demeanor, but their emotional expression is often shallow, and the delivery of stories will be impressionistic rather than detail-focused.

7. Narcissistic personality disorder

Wonder WomanA narcissist puts herself on a pedestal. | Warner Bros.

This one probably doesn’t need too much explaining, but it’s certainly important to note. As the Mayo Clinic establishes, it’s crucial to distinguish narcissistic personality disorder from a person who’s just overly confident. With the disorder, a person crosses the line of thinking so highly of himself that he puts himself on a pedestal, and often has a hefty sense of entitlement. A true narcissist values himself more than he does others, and expects everyone to bow down to him, so to speak. He thrives on, and believes he truly deserves, the admiration of others, and feels as though he deserves the very best of everything. Behind this peacock-strutting facade, though, is a fragile self-esteem that cannot bear to hear the slightest of criticisms.

8. Avoidant personality disorder

nervous stressed young womanThis disorder causes you to avoid social interaction. | iStock.com/SIphotography

People who suffer from avoidant personality disorder don’t just experience the occasional bout of shyness from time to time. On the contrary, they experience extreme social inhibition, have feelings of inadequacy, and are acutely sensitive to actual or perceived rejection. According to NIH, these feelings are so extreme, they lead to an avoidance of social interaction in such a way their daily life is negatively affected.

9. Dependent personality disorder

Thinking young woman looking up at many question marksDependent personality disorder is marked by an excessive neediness. | iStock.com/SIphotography

It’s one thing to have to rely on another person from time to time to fulfill needs, but for people who suffer from dependent personality disorder, this reliance far exceeds that of a healthy, high-functioning individual. Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of, which eventually leads to a submissive and clinging behavior, along with fears of separation.

Furthermore, Psychology Today points out this:

This need for others to assume responsibility goes beyond age-appropriate and situation-appropriate requests for assistance from others (such as the specific needs of children, elderly persons and handicapped persons). Because they fear losing support or approval, individuals with dependent personality disorder often have difficulty expressing disagreement with other people, especially those on whom they are dependent.

While the cause of the disorder is not known, it typically appears in early adulthood and is considered common, but not well studied.

    10. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder

    woman in glasses looking up with light idea bulbA person with OCPD thinks their way is the best way. | iStock.com/SIphotography

    Obsessive compulsive personality disorder differs mainly from obsessive compulsive disorder in that people with OCD are aware their unwanted thoughts are unreasonable, whereas those with OCPD consider their way to be the right and best way. And while OCD often interferes in areas of a person’s life including work, social and/or family life, OCPD typically interferes with interpersonal relationships, but makes work functioning more efficient. A person’s job itself is not hurt by OCPD traits, rather his or her relationships with co-workers are typically strained.

    According to the International OCD Foundation, OCPD is characterized by rigid adherence to rules and regulations, an overwhelming need for order, and a sense of righteousness about the way things should be done. Symptoms include an excessive devotion to work that impairs social and family activities, perfectionism that interferes with finishing tasks, and an unwillingness to assign tasks unless others perform exactly as asked. It’s clear to see why having a boss or co-worker with OCPD would be frustrating, to say the least.

    While most people struggle with some sort of social awkwardness or feelings of misfit at some point in their life, these 10 disorders, as explained in the DSM-5, go far beyond your typical, day-to-day irritations. If you’ve recognized any of these red flags, and are concerned about yourself, or a loved one, it may be time to seek professional help. It’s never too late, and it won’t hurt to start with a simple conversation with your doctor.

    Source: This article was published cheatsheet.com By Julie Peirano

    10 comments

    • Comment Link Roscoe Saturday, 26 October 2019 09:46 posted by Roscoe

      It is required that you obtain trailers forr sale from a personal dealer as oopposed
      to from more public places like auctions or the internet.
      You should examine the used trailers very prio to purchasing them as increasing
      your possibilities of such having some problems. Ask the dealer if he is offering any style of guarantee
      for the car. If the trailer is relatively new, then it will come attached by incorporating
      warranty because of this left over by the previous dealer.
      It's very recommended a person can get a previously owned trailers available
      which are relatively interesting. If you buy the old ones, then a few obvious methods cuances a person need to will really sould try to spend
      more on repairs, maintenance, and wear & tear.


      There are invariably good timds in any relationship.
      He needs bear inn mind these excitement. Those happy memories wjll make sure he can wondering wnat went wrong.
      Through this he may begin to seee wwhere he fell short and
      that his feelings for ann individual still right.

      In the end, if everyone youu can is say to yourself in order to approach a girl, "I dont' care what she thinks; I've got a good opinion of myself" you're worlds send.


      The secret to mastering the unknown is not really a classified.

      You simply first take an infant girl step. Accomplish a
      small aspect of endeavor, experience, or Heart's Desire, rather than haging primary of being entirely successful with that it.


      I've been working all things in the steps of learning this new language, so
      i could create my blog, wit little support except online paperwork.

      When I hadd questins for myy new web hosting company, I expected help - not ridicule.
      In the beginning they were somewhat helpful, but obviously irritated
      about my lack of skill. As time went on, and also othsr issues came up,
      they became downright condescending inn our
      email phone calls. Everry day I dreaded in order
      to contact them about inquiries or concerns Iwould've encountered.


      Now, wow the bad opinion you fear isn't too far off from someone yyou depend.

      What if it is your mabager who expresses an opinion that only an idiot would do what the thinking with.
      There is oh dear you can do it without his knowledge, so both have try the
      chance that he'll almost call you an idiot, or even in the worse case situation, fiire somebody.


      Even though, liike the judge, Which i know my own mind and show a very good sense
      of my personal boundaries a lot of the time, stikl I know
      some irritating people who do affect daily life.
      Remember right now there are 2 types of irritants: people who are irritating
      just since tthey are irritating. They invade my space,
      waste my time, and onboard mmy nervous feelings. Some
      people are irritating pueely because speak situation. They
      reveal something in us, pushing us outside our comfort zones and challenging us
      adjust. Often it's family that irritates us this alternative.

      Though we rarely appreciate it at the time, we almost always recognize and
      they are generally grateful for that irritation after changes to be able to made.

      We don't always explress appreciation for soeone pushing us to
      makme those knobs.

      These twoo exampoles highlight dijfferent thinhgs in drinks as
      well . person. So depending by the reson one needs
      to write the letter as required. Also, do write in the way that may
      hellp both, the person and the recipient.

    • Comment Link grosvenor casino slot machines Sunday, 20 October 2019 07:34 posted by grosvenor casino slot machines

      Saturday's jackpot amojnt is $60 million annuity, or $34.7 million cash rate.
      Looking for your latest Lottery Winners and Lottery Winning Numbers?
      The Powerball jackpot is getting up there as sufficiently.

    • Comment Link joker123 android Friday, 18 October 2019 04:28 posted by joker123 android

      Tday we'retaking a look Codemasters attempt at making a F1 game for the platform.

      Tend to be two so many variables, and you'd
      better know the recipient wonderfully. http://www.albert-schweitzer-haus-bonn.de/umleitung.php?link=S.Ybi.LS.C.O.T.T855.4%40Jesus.Burrowes%40studioalt.ru%2Finfo.php%3Fa%5B%5D%3D%3Ca%2Bhref%3Dhttp%3A%2F%2F3win8.city%2Fother-games%2Fjoker123%2F22-joker123%3Ejoker123%2Bdownload%3C%2Fa%3E

    Leave a comment

    airs logo

    Association of Internet Research Specialists is the world's leading community for the Internet Research Specialist and provide a Unified Platform that delivers, Education, Training and Certification for Online Research.

    Get Exclusive Research Tips in Your Inbox

    Receive Great tips via email, enter your email to Subscribe.

    Follow Us on Social Media

    Book Your Seat for Webinar - GET 70% OFF FOR MEMBERS ONLY      Register Now