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Issac Avila

Issac Avila

As more legal content becomes freely available on the web, many lawyers find that the Internet provides a cost-effective alternative to traditional computer-based legal research services. Using common search engines, lawyers can access all kinds of free content, including cases, background information, media coverage, and blog entries about cases and parties. Free Internet services can also be used to keep lawyers advised of breaking developments in their area of practice.

Several states, bar associations, law schools, and others have published or posted links to statutes and cases online. Such resources can be used for research purposes, “but if you need to cite to a case in a brief, you may need to use Lexis or Westlaw to obtain the official site,” cautions Kim R. Jessum, Philadelphia, PA, co-chair of the ABA Section of Litigation’s Technology for the Litigator Committee.

The New Products subcommittee of the Section’s Technology for the Litigator Committee is currently compiling a list of free and low-cost online legal research resources to post on its website, says Justine M. Phillips, San Diego, co-chair of that subcommittee. “In the age of Google, providing this benefit to our members will hopefully cause costly legal research providers to rethink their business approach and provide competitive products,” she says.

Start Your Research Using the Internet 
“Internet search engines should be the first stop for legal research,” advises Priya Prakash Royal, Florham Park, NJ, co-editor of the Section’s Technology for the Litigator Committee website. “Younger attorneys commonly use the Internet to do background research, so they are comfortable starting with a search engine to get an overview of a topic,” Royal says.

Royal encourages all lawyers to use free tools. “Google and Yahoo are effective cross-search tools that allow users to search terms and link the search results to resources such as “Findlaw” or news articles,” she says.

Reviewing free content on the Internet can help put a researcher on the right track before consulting online legal research services, which charge fees. Royal finds conducting Internet searches at the beginning of a legal research project more efficient than looking in the keyword indexes using an online legal research tool.

“Where you have a term of art or a specific topic in mind, an Internet search can get you to articles or books on point, relevant cases, and even public records that can be of use,” says Erica L. Calderas, Cleveland, OH, co-chair of the Section’s Pretrial Practice and Discovery Committee. In addition, one can sometimes find compilations of cases on topics such as electronic discovery or niche areas of the law, notes Calderas. “These can be great resources for information on an emerging area of law,” she observes.

Trust but Verify
“Any resource you find using a search engine ultimately has to be verified,” advises Royal. “If you are reviewing secondary materials online, such as an article or someone’s summary of the case, you should review the primary materials to make sure you are getting an accurate view of the law,” says Calderas.

“While some quick Internet searching can help to refine and make more efficient your approach to further legal research, don’t let it be a substitute for book research or official sources of online research” recommends Calderas. “When you really need an in-depth, comprehensive, ‘turn over every stone’ understanding of the law, there is just no substitute for hitting the books and electronic research services,” she says.

Because the web does not guarantee the same reliability as established legal research providers, “litigators should second-guess the fruits of their online research and confirm the law remains precedential,” advises Phillips.

In addition to reliability, there may be other disadvantages to free Internet research tools. Litigators may recall the old maxim “nothing in life is free” when researching on the web, observes Phillips. “Oftentimes, the “free” content leads you down a cyber-path into “for-pay” research tools. This process can be frustrating and time-consuming,” she says.

Your Clients Have Access to the Same Information
Unfettered access to free legal information means that your clients have the same access as you do, which can pose some challenges for lawyers, says Royal. Clients may read a blog or article and misinterpret its application to their own legal matters. “While this can create potential for disagreement, it also provides an opportunity for a lawyer to demonstrate her value to the client by verifying and interpreting information gathered by the client,” she says.

The value-added element of the Internet is that it is a tool that provides access to breaking developments, and may give lawyers access to information that provides insight into a case, suggests Royal. For example, reading blogs or reader comments on a particular case gives lawyers a window to opinions on the subject, and may generate ideas for legal arguments.

Enhancing Client Relationships
Royal also uses Internet resources as a client development tool. If there is a decision or change in the law affecting her clients’ business, she will send an email forwarding a news article to her client network. “It is another thing to put into your bag of goods,” advises Royal. “Clients are more receptive to reading a news article about a case than they are to reading the case itself,” she observes.

Source: This article was published apps.americanbar.org By Lisa R. Bliss

When it comes to legal research services and databases for Big Law, the two leading providers are Westlaw and Lexis-Nexis. Not too long ago, they were essentially the only players in the legal research game — but that was before the internet and the lure of Fast, Easy and often Free access to information online.

Having recently touched on the a title="Westlaw versus LexisNxis – Which is Better?" ">"ifferences between Westlaw and Lexis-Nexis, I thought it might be helpful to touch on the subject of low-cost and free legal research services and websites. We often get asked about less expensive options for gaining access to legal information, especially as it gets more difficult for law firms to recover the costs of these services. I have compiled a short list of six legal information resources on the internet today.

This is by no means an exhaustive list; nor is it a recommendation to replace Westlaw, Lexis-Nexis, Bloomberg or any other provider! In fact, those services continue to be a must-have legal information resource for many firms. Nonetheless, it is helpful to stay on top of other information options that are available to lawyers, firms and clients themselves.

1. GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Google Scholar provides an easy, free way to search and read published opinions of the United States Supreme Court since 1791; US federal district, appellate, tax and bankruptcy courts since 1923; and state appellate and supreme court cases since 1950. Select the “Case Law” button under the Google Scholar search box. There is also separate search functionality for patent information and legal journals.

2. FASTCASE

Fastcase allows users to access federal & state law, appellate decisions, and statutes. It also includes visualization tools to portray the relationships between cases and a “bad law bot” to pinpoint cases which have received negative treatment. Fastcase has a relationship with HeinOnline to deliver content through Fastcase searches (HeinOnline subscription required.) Fastcase has excellent technology integration with Word, Outlook & Adobe products to enable extraction of citations and batch printing. There is a free mobile app for Ios and Android for pulling cases on the go. Fastcase has relationships with many bar associations to provide free access to a simplified version of the product. Annual subscriptions start at $695 for a single user, and the company also maintains a “Public Library of Law” website which provides free access to cases, statutes, regulations, court rules and constitutions.

3. LOISLAWCONNECT

This service of Wolters Kluwer offers pay-as-you-go options for access to primary legal content. You purchase either a 48-hr, 7-day, or 31-day pass, with no contracts or recurring payments. Pricing ranges from $29.95 for a two-day pass to Court Rules for one state to $184 for 31-day access to Primary Law National and Bankruptcy. For some services a one-year subscription plan is available. There are no hidden charges for printing, downloading or hyper-linking to material outside of your subscription.

4. FINDLAW

FindLaw is a comprehensive resource with helpful content for both the legal profession and consumers. You can conduct a broad search for free on cases or contracts, and you can browse research materials by type, jurisdiction or practice area. In addition, the site offers an archive of published opinion summaries dating back to September 2000 by the U.S. Supreme Court, all thirteen U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeals, and some state courts.

5. JUSTIA

Justia, based in Silicon Valley, was created with the mission to “advance the availability of legal resources for the benefit of society.” The site provides free access to case law, codes, regulations, legal articles and legal blog databases. And if you want information to come directly to you, the company publishes a variety of free newsletters, including daily opinion summaries for all Federal Appellate and State Supreme Courts and weekly opinion summaries on a wide range of practice areas, essentially from ‘A’ (Agriculture Law) to ‘Z’ (Zoning and Land Use).

6. LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE, CORNELL UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL

GetLegal in partnership with the Legal Information Institute Center at Cornell Law School provides access to U.S. federal materials including the full text of the U.S. Code and opinions of the U.S. Supreme Court, court rules, CFR and additional federal materials. The site also offers quick links to the current authoritative versions of the state statutes, constitution, regulations and court rules.

COMPARING LEGAL RESEARCH SERVICES

When comparing legal research services and databases, the cost is an important consideration, but not the only one. While free case law information is abundantly available on the internet, it can also be said that you get what you pay for. You will not get the kinds of research aids, secondary materials and treatises or enhancements that make the paid tools so valuable and effective. You may not get the depth and breadth of legal content you need, nor know if the content is actually authoritative and legitimate. In addition, browsing and keyword searches consume a fair amount of time while possibly leaving you without crucial information that could help your client.

When time is money and the right information can make or break a legal matter, these shortcomings can quickly move the value gauge from free or low-price to quite costly.

Our Expense Management experts can help ensure your legal research costs are in line with industry standards and offer strategies and advice on how to reduce them.

The two most important research tools are the legal content service or resource and the person doing the research. When you need legal research help, our trained staff are on call with the skills and the tools to find what you need.

 Source: This article was published ccmchase.com By Natalya Berdzeni

If you need to do a little bit of sleuthing about someone, the Web can be a fantastic resource. Track down an address or a phone number, find a long-lost school friend, or simply verify information with this list of the best six people search engines on the Web. All of these search engines are hyper-focused on finding only people-related information.

These resources are free to use, at least for initial searches. Some sites will charge for detailed searches. Should you pay to find someone online? It really depends on the kind of information you're seeking.

1-Pipl

Pipl

Pipl is a people search engine that scours the Invisible Web for information; basically, what that means is that you're going to get more than just the usual search engine results for whatever name you might be searching for.

Pipl searches across social networking services, search engines, databases, etc. to find tidbits you might not usually find on a rudimentary search using a more generalized search engine.

One interesting thing sets Pipl apart: It offers special services for nonprofits at a steep discount in order to create more ways for these organizations to help their clients. 

2-Wink

Wink searches across what you would find using a regular search engine as well as across social communities, online profiles, etc. You can also use Wink to manage your online presence by creating a profile with it.

You can claim and add various places where you might be active online, and manage them all in one convenient place. If you're looking for small tidbits of information across many different sources, Wink is a good choice to continue to put the clues together about whatever you might be looking for. 

3-Facebook

Facebook

As one of the world's largest social networks with hundreds of millions of people accessing it daily, it makes sense to use Facebook as an incredibly useful tool to find people online. You can use the social media platform to search for people you went to high school and college with, as well as work colleagues, friends from elementary school, and non-profit organizations.

Facebook is also great for finding people in specific geographic locations living in your local area that you might not know about, as well as any kind of association, club, or group. 

While many people keep their Facebook profiles private and only give information to those visible in their immediate circles of friends and family, others do not. When a profile is public, it allows anyone who finds it immediate access to a person's posts, photos, check-in statuses and other personal details.

4-PeekYou

PeekYou adds an interesting twist to the world of free people search engines; it allows you to search for usernames across a variety of social networking communities.

For instance, if you want to learn more about the person who uses the handle "I-Love-Kittens"; PeekYou will show you anything else that username might be doing on the Web. There is an astonishing amount of information you can dig up on someone using only their username

5-LinkedIn

linkedin.jpg

Use LinkedIn to search for professional networks that other people are involved in. When you add your business profile to the network, you can pick up quite a few details about people. 

By signing up for your own profile, you can view other LinkedIn users' profiles. This lets you can see where someone works, who they work with, their former positions, current or former supervisors, any kind of recommendations they might have received, and much more.

Depending on privacy settings, you might not be able to see everything that someone on LinkedIn has provided in their profile. In addition, if you are a registered user on LinkedIn, the fact that you looked at someone's profile typically will be made known to them. 

6-Zabasearch

Zabasearch is a free people search engine that scours freely accessible public information and records. Everything found at Zabasearch is culled from public domain information, such as databases, court records, and phone directories. It's a smart place to start a search because of all the public information it retrieves and shows in one place.

Source: This article was published lifewire.com By Jerri Collins

Friday, 02 February 2018 12:51

Disinformation Is Becoming Unstoppable

We are in the midst of a “tech-lash.” For months, the leading Internet companies have faced a wave of criticism sparked by revelations that they unwittingly enabled the spread of Russian disinformation that distorted the 2016 election. They are now beginning to listen. Recently, Facebook responded when chief executive Mark Zuckerberg announced that his company is revamping its flagship News Feed service: The algorithm powering it will now prioritize content shared by your friends and family over news stories and viral videos. The company followed up by announcing it will survey users and potentially relegate untrusted outlets.

The overhaul marks the first major action by any Silicon Valley giant that may curb the plague of political disinformation. It almost certainly will not be enough.

While Facebook’s intentions are laudable, their reach may exceed their grasp. The purveyors of disinformation may indeed need to change their approaches to spreading mendacious or otherwise deceitful content over social media. This is nothing new. News outlets, commercial advertisers and the like have long needed to monitor subtle tweaks of both news feed and search engine optimization algorithms to maximize their page views. Disinformation propagators will respond similarly. They have months to master these changes so that they can channel targeted propaganda and misinformation at individual voters during high political season later this year.

The latent power of disinformation operations conducted over the leading Internet platforms lies in the implicit alignment of interests between platform (that is, companies like Facebook and Google) and advertiser (which is how those companies make much of their money). The platform collects data about its users, organizes them into like-minded audiences with shared preferences and sells those groups’ aggregated attention to advertisers. If users engage with the commercial message, both the advertiser and the platform benefit — including if the advertiser is a propagandist.

This market paradigm encourages a subtle and unwitting alignment: These sites sustain themselves by finding like-minded groups and selling information about their behavior; disinformation propagators sustain themselves by manipulating the behavior of like-minded groups. Until this system is restructured, it is unlikely political disinformation operations can be stopped or even slowed. That rebuilding would be enormously difficult since digital advertising is absolutely central to Internet commerce. But it is essential.

Furthermore, tomorrow’s disinformation campaigns will not be limited to Facebook, Google, and Twitter. There is a large commercial web ecosystem dedicated to using behavioral data to deploy persuasive messages. As we discuss in the recently published analysis, disinformation campaigns will use the tools of successful digital advertisers across every available distribution channel. As such, a serious effort to undercut these operations must address the entire market.

The market begins with data analytics. Disinformation campaigns rely heavily on behavioral data tracking — the widespread practice of logging your personal web browsing habits, location data, purchasing patterns and more. (For instance, in the time since you downloaded this article using your desktop browser or mobile phone, your information has likely already been shared with dozens of online firms.) Wherever possible, this data is associated with personal identifiers — say, an email address and phone number — that then connect you to other bits of information collected elsewhere online. Insights and inferences drawn from your behavioral data are then either sold or shared — by large Internet platform companies, digital advertising firms, data brokers and online services, among many others — with all kinds of advertisers. This includes disinformation operators, who often appear as legitimate entities to the firms in this ecosystem. Because of their shifting online identities and vast number, it is very difficult to detect their activity, despite the advanced algorithmic technologies meant to find them.

This data helps create the community of like-minded people that then grows over time through the messaging and distribution of thousands upon thousands of targeted social media posts, advertisements, promotions, and click-throughs. Timely search engine optimization tactics can help push a fake news story to the top of the Google results for an hour, a day or an entire news cycle, in the process misinforming a great many Internet users. And potent social media management software combines all of these services into an integrated system that coordinates data collection, audience formation, and message-testing across multiple channels in real time, thus enabling them to determine how to target you with specific messages with tremendous speed and efficiency.

Underlying all of these tools is a technology with the potential to super-charge them: artificial intelligence. As AI is increasingly woven into the consumer-facing web, more and more content will be curated and presented by a machine. Should disinformation propagators harness AI, they will mar and adulterate our political culture and discourse with super-human power. Early versions of web-based AI technology already help create digital filter bubblesescalate nonveracious content to the top of search results and power viral online hoaxes and noxious hate speech. To counter these trends, the companies try to feed the algorithms with instructions to spot and limit negative content. For example, services like YouTube continue to onboard more and more human reviewers to help identify, label and curate policy-violating content including extremist videos. But the scale of content is simply too large for comprehensive human review, and the vast majority of disinformation would not be taken down anyway because it is perfectly legal despite poisoning to our politics. We will not delete our way out of this problem.

Facebook’s intervention to fix the News Feed is important — regardless of whether it works — because it signals a recognition that the relationship between media and democracy is in crisis. We must build upon it. Democracies function poorly if citizens are ill-informed and cannot participate ably in self-government. We rely at our peril on a news marketplace that is designed to serve the advertiser rather than the citizen. Nothing less than the national political integrity is at stake — and America’s corporate and public sectors must come together to rebuild the Internet as we know it, in order to bring an end to the scourge of disinformation.

Source: This article was published time.com By DIPAYAN GHOSH AND BEN SCOTT

Google Maps can help you avoid those embarrassing lost car moments

It happens to the best of us. You head to your local shopping mall, a crowded concert, or even just down the street to get your groceries. Everything is going according to plan until you head outside to leave and realize you have absolutely no idea where you left your car.

What if I told you that you could consistently escape all that using something you already have: your phone.

Google Maps has a built-in feature that allows you to save where you parked your car directly in the app. It’s something a number of different apps can do these days, but something Google has perfected in a way with the addition of one small feature: the ability to leave notes.

Why is a note important: If you’ve parked in a 14-story parking structure then being able to pinpoint the GPS location of your car isn’t going to do you a ton of good. Yes, you know your car is in this structure but is it on floor five or floor twelve? Chances are good you don’t remember. Also, given its size, you may or may not be able to see your car from the elevator door, meaning you’ll probably have to wander around on a few floors before you’ll actually find the one you want. Not exactly ideal.

Here’s how to make it work:

Save Your Spot

Once you’ve found that perfect parking space and turned your car off, tap the blue location dot on Google Maps (that dot that’s highlighting where you are) to save your location. A small menu will appear at the bottom of the page with “See places near you,” an opportunity to calibrate your blue dot compass, and an option for “Save your parking.” Tap on the parking saver. Now, when you look at Google Maps, there will be a huge letter P on your map where you parked your vehicle that you can navigate to just like any other destination within Maps. It doesn't get easier than that.

Add More Info

If you’re parking somewhere a little more complicated, say a multi-level parking garage or the like, you’re also given the option with “Save your parking” to add some details.  Later when you get back to the deck, those details can be invaluable. For instance, you might right “4th floor” or “ground level by the stairs.” If you’re parking on the street rather than a deck, you can also use this feature to keep track of how long you have left in a spot through a special built-in meter counter. When time starts to run out, your phone can let you know so you don’t end up with a costly ticket.

Even if you don't think you'll need the details later, it's always a good idea to save a few noteworthy things just in case, especially those parking meter details.

One of Many

Google Maps isn't the only way to save where you parked. With iOS 10, Apple built a similar feature into the iPhone, and other apps like Waze and Google Now on Android can help get the job done. Of the options; however, Google Map's solution is perhaps the most robust and the one that's going to help you find your car no matter where you managed to leave it.
Source: This article was published lifewire.com By Emily Price
  • Bitcoin's rise could help lead to the creation of a so-called "decentralized internet," according to a venture capitalist
  • Decentralized internet is the idea that the web is run across a number of machines that are owned by regular users rather than owned in a central place like a server
  • This could ultimately reduced the power of tech giants, the VC said

Bitcoin's rise could help lead to the creation of a so-called "decentralized internet" that could take power away from large technology firms, two venture capitalists told CNBC on Thursday.

The internet works thanks to large centralized services such as server owners, cloud providers, search engines and social media. As a result, many internet giants are dominant in their respective area of the internet.

A decentralized internet promises to spread the running of these services across users. So, a number of independent machines would power services across the web.

The money pouring into cryptocurrencies like bitcoin is helping to bring resources to developing a decentralized internet, according to Hemant Taneja, managing director at U.S. venture capital firm General Catalyst.

"The underlying reason for cyrptocurrencies is about building a decentralized internet. And I think that's a profound reason," Taneja told CNBC in an interview at the Slush technology conference in Helsinki, Finland.

"So, when you think about all these large platform companies that have become so powerful… wouldn't it be nice if we could get the benefit of what these companies provide but without these centralized authorities that have so much control."

Related...

Taneja said that the industry is "nowhere near" having the technology ready for such a project, but the cryptocurrency bubble is helping to bring capital and talent to the development of a decentralized internet.

"The more smart money that starts believing there are benefits around decentralized internet the better it is for us," Taneja said.

Albert Wenger, another venture capitalist at Union Square Ventures, echoed the sentiment, but admitted that reducing the power of internet giants is a long way off.

"In the long run, I think that's the goal we are shooting for. I don't think they (tech giants) have to tremble in their boots any time soon," Wenger told CNBC in an interview on Thursday.

Source: This article was published cnbc.com By Arjun Kharpal

Google Chrome is one of the most popular browsers in the world, and yet, because we use it so often, we often forget what it can do.

Chrome will let you browse pages, obviously, but it's also loaded with hidden hacks that can essentially streamline your internet-browsing experience and digital life. From simple tricks that allow you to send emails from the omnibar (aka address bar) to extensions that you let save images to Pinterest without ever having to go to Pinterest.com, Chrome has everything you could possibly need or want.

For instance, here's over 30 tips and tricks we use on a regular basis to get the most out of Chrome. We will update this piece over time with more handy tools and functions as we discover them. Let us know in the comments if you know of one worth including.

Note: The following tips are for the desktop version of Google Chrome.

This might sound super obvious, but you really should sign in to the Chrome browser before you even think about using it. Doing so will allow you to save and sync things like your bookmarks, history, passwords, and other settings to your Google Account. Then, you can access them on any device. You can learn more about how to sign in to Chrome on this FAQ page.

If you have different Google accounts, like work and personal, you can use profiles to keep your bookmarks and settings separate. You can learn more about how to add a Chrome profile on this FAQ page.

If you don’t want Chrome to save what you visit or download, you can always browse the web privately using Chrome's Incognito mode. You can also delete your history, cookies, and other information - all at once or just some from a specific period of time. Go here to learn more about Incognito mode, or go here to learn about how to delete your history in Chrome.

From Chrome, find the hamburger menu or icon with three vertical dots on the upper left, and then select Settings to access Chrome's full list of settings. Or just type chrome://settings/ in your omnibar.

There are tonnes of keyboard commands, but here are some worth remembering:

  • Ctrl/Command + T opens a new tab
  • Ctrl/Command + W closes your current tab
  • Ctrl/Command + Shift + T opens your last tab
  • Ctrl/Command + L highlights whatever’s in the omnibar
  • Ctrl/Command + Tab moves you a tab to the right
  • Ctrl/Command + Shift + Tab moves you a tab to the left

If you want to let your friend use your laptop but still keep all your browsing info private from them, go to Chrome's settings, and then under People select Add a person. This will let them have their own browsing experience separate from yours.

You can Chrome’s Task Manager to end memory-hungry pages or see what’s slowing your session down. Go to Chrome's hamburger menu on the left and then select More Tools. From there, click Task Manager.

Use your autofill settings to avoid manually entering your address or password or credit card information on a daily basis. Just go to Chrome settings, then “Show advanced settings…” >, and find “Manage Autofill settings” under “Passwords and forms.”

Ever want to search YouTube without going to to YouTube.com? If you go settings, you’ll see a “Manage search engines…” button under the “Search” section. Click it to see a list of sites you can search directly from the omnibar. Chrome will add these automatically, but you can also enter the URL for a site, such as Wikipedia. So, when you type a phrase in the omnibar and then hit tab, you'll go to whatever related Wiki article or YouTube video you wanted to find. This saves you an extra step, as you no longer have to go to a site’s homepage to find what you want.

Go back to the “Manage search engines…” area, then scroll to the bottom to add a new search engine, and enter the following: “https://mail.google.com/mail/ca/u/0/#apps/%s”. This is Gmail’s search function. You can then make the keyword “gmail.com,” or “mail.google.com”, and from that point on, you can search your email.

The omnibar is amazing. For instance, you can use it as a calculator. Enter 10 x 10 and it will tell you the value is 100. Try it out. It works with any equation too.

You can Google=search a phrase directly from your current page by highlighting it. From there, right click or drag it to the omnibar. If you highlight a word (like 'dongles') on a page, then right-click, and select 'Look Up', you will effectively Google search the word 'dongles'.

Google Chrome has a "Pin Tab" feature. If you're not familiar with it, just keep in mind that browser tabs spawn from left to right. The first tabs you open are located on the left - unless you start moving tabs around. As a result, you probably keep your most important tabs on the left. With that in mind, the Chrome browser offers the ability to lock some of your most-used tabs to the left of your browser and reduces the tabs to icon size so that you can squeeze many of your favourites in a small space. All you have to do is to right-click on a tab and select the "Pin Tab" option.

Ever want to see how many cookies a page is deploying or what permissions you’ve given it? Just click the "i" icon or page button next to the URL in the omnibar to view site info including cookies and permissions. It’s also a handy way to allow the page to show popups.

If you want to save your current browsing session for future reference, press the Up arrow + Command + D keys all at once (or right click, then select Bookmarks, and click Bookmark Open Pages). You can then save all your open pages in a new folder. This is handy if you’re researching a subject and want to save all the helpful information you’ve already found.

You can also download an extension like OneTab to do the same thing.

If you ex out of your window, you can pick up where you left off by going to History from the menu bar (or going to History under the settings). Look for the tabs under Recently Closed, and click it once you find it. You can also go into settings and select “Continue where you left off” under the “On startup” section to relaunch your browser as you left it.

A quick way to manage your bookmarks is to type Command + D to add a bookmark. You can also always right-click on a page in the bookmarks bar to edit their titles. You even go to Bookmarks > Bookmarks Manager from the Menu bar to manage all your saved sites and folders.

Hit Control or Command + 1-9 while you're on the omnibar to quickly switch between tabs. Each number corresponds to a page's place in the tab tab above. So, on Mac, Command + 3 will open your third tab.

Simply right-click on a tab and then select “Close Other Tabs” or “Close Tabs to the Right" to get rid of them fast.

If you want Facebook or some other page to appear as soon as you open Chrome, you can set it to automatically launch those pages. Just go to settings, then click the “Set pages” option next to “Open a specific page or set of pages,” and enter the sites you wish to visit right away.

Instead of using some random note editor on your machine to take notes, use Chrome. Just enter "data:text/html, <html contenteditable>" into the omnibar, and then you can jot something down real quick.

If you try loading a page when you’re offline, and you’ll see a static little T-rex. Once you see it, hit the spacebar, and then it will turn into an endless side-scroller runner game.

Hold down the Control or Command key and click on all the tabs you want to move in order to move them as one.

Click on any multimedia file on your computer and then drag it directly into your Chrome browser window to look at it.

To quickly access a file you downloaded, automatically download it to your desktop. To change where files automatically download, go to settings, then click the Advanced Settings link, and select Downloads. There you can alter where files automatically download to (like desktop).

On a PC, you can zoom in or out on a page by pressing Control while rolling your scroll wheel up or down. You can then click Control-0 to return to the default. On a Mac, you can zoom in and out by pressing Command-plus or Command-minus. Command-0 will go back to default.

You can use the spacebar to scroll down on page, and you can scroll back up by pressing shift and the spacebar.

Chrome has built-in Google Translate, but if you just want to translate a select phrase or passage, install the official Google Translate extension. You can highlight any text and click the little Google Translate icon that sits in the top-right side of your browser screen.

Casting is baked into Chrome. Just right-click anywhere in Chrome to prompt a pop-up cast window. Or, click the hamburger in the top-right to prompt a pull-down menu and then choose Cast. Go here to learn more about casting from Chrome to your TV.

Sick of how Chrome looks? Download a theme from the Chrome store. Just click over to the Theme section and click to install.

You can write your email up in the omnibar on Chrome and send it from there. Just type “mailto:” followed by the recipients address into your omnibar. It’ll open up the Gmail compose window automatically. From there, you can write your email and hit send.

You can turn any site into a desktop app to speedily access it. Just navigate to the website, then click the wrench icon, and select “Tools”. From there, click on “Create application shortcuts.”

To get the most out of Chrome, go to the Chrome Web Store and explore its vast amounts of extensions and apps. The right extensions will improve your web experience. For instance, you can install the Pinterest one so you can directly pin any image you see to your account.

Type "Do A Barrel Roll" into the omnibar and hit enter. :)

 Source: This article was published pocket-lint.com By ELYSE BETTERS

HIGHLIGHTS
  • Fireball steals sensitive user data and manipulates regular surfing data
  • CERT-In has issued its latest advisory to Internet users
  • It said the virus can be detected by majority of anti-virus solution

Cyber-security sleuths have alerted Internet users against the destructive activity of a browser-attacking virus- 'Fireball'- that steals sensitive user data and manipulates regular surfing activity.

The malware has been spreading across the globe and possesses over two dozen aliases and spreads by bundling and "without the user's consent".

"It has been reported that a malware named as 'Fireball' targeting browsers is spreading worldwide.

"It has the ability to collect user information, manipulate web-traffic to generate ad-revenue, malware dropping and executing malicious code on the infected machines," the Computer Emergency Response Team of India (CERT-In) said in its latest advisory to Internet users.

The CERT-In is the nodal agency to combat hacking, phishing and to fortify security-related defences of the Indian Internet domain.

The agency said the malware or the virus can be "detected by majority of the anti-virus solutions" and it has advised Internet users to install updated anti-virus solutions to protect their computers from this infection.

It said the virus, 'Fireball', "currently installs plug-ins and additional configurations to boost its advertisements but it could be used as distributor for any additional malware in future."

"It is reported that the malware 'Fireball' is used by one of the largest marketing agency to manipulate the victims' browsers and changes their default search engines and home pages into fake search engines.

"It also re-directs the queries to either yahoo.com or Google.com. The fake search engines also collects the users' private information," the advisory said.

'Fireball', it said, is capable of acting as a browser-hijacker, manipulating web traffic to generate ad-revenue, capable of downloading further malware, capable of executing any malicious code on the victim machine and collects user information and steals credentials from the victim machine.

The CERT-In has also suggested some counter-measures: "Do not click on banners or pop-up or ads notifications, do not visit untrusted websites and do not download or open attachment in emails received from untrusted sources or unexpectedly received from trusted users."

It said a user, in order to exercise caution after logging-in the system, should check for default setting of web browsers, such as homepage, search engine, browser extensions and plug-ins installed, and if something is found unknown, then it should be deleted.

Source: This article was published gadgets.ndtv

Kiev - Ukraine's security service on Monday searched offices of Russian internet giant Yandex as part of a treason probe after Kiev banned its popular search engine earlier in May.

"Employees of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) conducted sanctioned searches in the offices of the subsidiary of the Russian company Yandex in Kiev and Odessa," the SBU said in a statement.

The security agency said the searches were part of a treason probe and accused Yandex of passing on the personal details of Ukrainian citizens, including military personnel, to authorities in Russia.

"The information was handed over to the Russian intelligence services for the purposes of planning, organising and carrying out espionage, sabotage and subversive operations in our country," it said.

Yandex confirmed the searches at its offices but said it had no "information" about the activities of the Ukrainian security agency.

"Yandex is ready to provide all information regarding its operations in Ukraine, according and limited by Ukrainian legal procedures," said company spokesperson Ksenia Korneyeva.

The latest move comes after Ukraine blocked Russia's most popular social media networks and the Yandex search engine earlier in May in response to the Kremlin's alleged backing of a three-year separatist war in the east.

Moscow and Kiev have been locked in a bitter feud since the Kremlin seized Crimea the Crimea peninsula in 2014.

The Kremlin described Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko's decision to ban its sites as "another manifestation of unfriendly, short-sighted policy toward Russia".

The ban remains in effect for three years.

Source: This article was news24.com

The Extremely Large Telescope is five times larger than the top observing instruments in use today

Construction has begun on the world's first "super telescope", which could prove to be a vital tool in the search for alien life.

The telescope, appropriately named Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), will be the world's largest optical telescope - some five times larger than the top observing instruments in use today.

Its main mirror alone will measure 39 metres across, and it will be housed in an enormous rotating dome 85 metres in diameter - comparable in area to a football pitch.

This artist's rendering shows a night view of the Extremely Large Telescope in operation on Cerro Armazones in northern Chile. The telescope is shown using lasers to create artificial stars high in the atmosphere. (Photo: ESO/L. Calada)

Located on a 3,000 metre-high mountain in the middle of the Atacama desert in Chile, it is due to begin operating in 2024.

Among other capabilities, it will probe Earth-like exoplanets for signs of life, study the nature of dark energy and dark matter, and observe the Universe's early stages to explore our origins.

It will also raise new questions we cannot conceive of today, as well as improving life here on Earth through new technology and engineering breakthroughs, scientists claim.

The President of Chile, Michelle Bachelet, arrives at the first stone ceremony for the ELT (Photo: ESO/Juan Pablo Astorga)

    A ceremony to mark the beginning of the construction process was held at the Paranal Observatory in northern Chile. The ceremony was attended by Chilean President Michelle Bachelet.

    "Wee are building more than a telescope here: it is one of the greatest expressions of scientific and technological capabilities and of the extraordinary potential of international cooperation," said Bachelet.

    As well as the laying of the "first stone", the ceremony included the sealing of a time capsule, containing photographs of scientists and engineers who have worked on the project, and a copy of a book describing the future scientific goals of the telescope.

    This infographic provides a basic breakdown of the ELT's structure, focusing particularly on the first-generation of instruments. (Photo: ESO)

    The ELT is being funded by the European Southern Observatory, an organisation consisting of European and southern hemisphere nations.

    The dry atmosphere of the Atacama provides as near perfect observing conditions as it is possible to find on Earth, with some 70% of the world's astronomical infrastructure slated to be located in the region by the 2020s.

    Construction costs were not available but the ESO has said previously that the ELT would cost around €1 billion (£871 million) at 2012 prices.

    The ELT is due to begin operating in 2024 (Photo: ESO/L. Calada)

      "The ELT will produce discoveries that we simply cannot imagine today, and it will surely inspire numerous people around the world to think about science, technology and our place in the Universe," said Tim de Zeeuw, director general of ESO.

      "This will bring great benefit to the ESO Member States, to Chile, and to the rest of the world."

      Source: This article was mirror.co.uk By JORGE VEGASOPHIE CURTIS

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