A popular UFO YouTube channel has discovered what it claims could be the remains of an alien tank on the moon. The video, uploaded by Secureteam10, shows what they describe as a tank-like object sitting among "ruins" and other "artificial structures" on the surface of the moon.

Categorized in Science & Tech

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft is currently conducting a series of elaborate dives in which it repeatedly comes closer to Saturn than ever before. But during its slower periods, NASA is still using the craft’s fantastic photography equipment to grab images of Saturn’s nearby bodies, such as the moon Titan. The latest photo from the agency shows Titan in all its glory, complete with some very volatile cloud cover.

The new images, which were captured by Cassini on May 7th but not released immediately, show Titan in impressive detail, with long, feathery streaks of clouds obscuring portions of the landscape. But unlike the clouds we’re used to here on Earth — which are made of extremely tiny water droplets or bits of crystalized ice — the clouds you see in the Titan photos are actually made of methane.

In addition to Titan’s wealth of atmospheric methane, the planet also has vast lakes thought to be primarily made up of liquid ethane and methane, along with nitrogen. That’s an extremely hostile combination, at least in terms of Earth-like life. However, NASA isn’t ruling out the possibility that there may actually be methane-based life on the large moon, and even has some theories as to how it might survive.

According to NASA, these new photos were snapped at a distance of about 316,000 miles, which means that each pixel of the image equals roughly 2 miles. With that scale in mind, take a look at the dark splotches dotting the top of the image. Those are the huge methane-filled seas, which may or may not be home to huge, methane-filled whales.

Source : This article was published bgr news By Mike Wehner

Categorized in Science & Tech

This is a view of Enceladus, Saturn's sixth-largest moon, taken by the Cassini spacecraft.

New research from NASA’s Cassini mission has all eyes on Enceladus, Saturn’s sixth-largest moon. The research, recently published in Science magazine, indicates that plumes of vapor escaping from cracks in the moon’s icy shell are full of molecular hydrogen, the fuel for microbial life.

As Scott Bolton, a co-author and mission co-investigator from the Southwest Research Institute, explains: “Hydrogen’s the most common element in the whole universe, but we don’t expect a lot of it sitting on Enceladus.” That’s because Enceladus is too small to trap large reserves of hydrogen in its gravity field, he says.

The inference, of course, is that hydrogen is being produced somewhere on the Saturnian moon. But how? Bolton and his colleagues have an idea — one that could link the global ocean beneath Enceladus’ ice shell with the life-sustaining deep oceans of Earth.

“The idea that we’ve proposed — and we’ve researched a lot of different ideas trying to come up with an alternative theory — is that actually there’s hydrothermal activity going on deep in the ocean on Enceladus, and it may be producing white and black smokers, kind of like what we see on Earth,” Bolton says.

He explains that on Earth, smokers are deep hydrothermal vents that put out white or black “smoke” underwater, depending on their sulfur content: “Basically, what you have is you have minerals that are very rich in iron interacting with water.” That chemical process forms new minerals, he says — and releases hydrogen.

“In other words, under the deep sea, the water meets the rock, and some chemistry occurs, and hydrogen is released,” he explains. At least, that’s how it happens on Earth — and Cassini data has already shown that the ocean on Enceladus lies above a rocky core.

On Earth, scientists believe that hydrothermal vents were an early source of life. Today, the areas around deep sea vents teem with species that we’re still discovering.

“You don’t need any sunlight at all,” Bolton says. “You just have the microbes basically feeding off of this hydrogen, and that’s its energy source. And around that region on the Earth in these hydrothermal vents, you find little spider crabs, little shrimp, all kinds of different kinds of mussels.”

To find a shrimp in Enceladus’ ocean would take a submarine, but Bolton says there’s another place we can look for life: in the water vapor spewing through cracks in the moon’s ice hull.

“If you can fly a spacecraft through that water mist, you can go in and measure whether there’s microbes, and amino acids, and other kinds of things that might be present in that water,” he says.

Bolton says that a follow-up probe to Enceladus hasn’t yet been approved, but a mission to one of Jupiter’s moons, Europa, is currently in the works. “It would, hopefully, fly through these plumes,” Bolton says.

“We’ve seen some plumes coming out of the ice of Europa through Hubble telescope images. And so we would look for something similar as to what we just saw on Enceladus, and even more.”

UPDATE: A previous version of this story incorrectly stated Europa was a moon of Saturn, it is a moon of Jupiter.

This article is based on an interview that aired on PRI's Science Friday. Watch a video about the discovery here.

Source : This article was published in ijpr.org By  JULIA FRANZ, CHRISTIE TAYLOR

Categorized in Science & Tech

Planetary Resources' Leo space telescope, seen in this artist's rendering, with remote sensing capability to analyse the composition of asteroids. Space mining seems far fetched, but has already attracted some big-name investors.Planetary Resources via The New York Times

Is water the new oil of space?

It may be to Middle Eastern oil states such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, who are looking at space as a way to diversify out of the earthly benefits of fossil fuel.

"Middle East oil states are investing in satellite technology and trying to transform their domestic economies into digital economies and knowledge-based economies," said Tom James of Navitas Resources an energy consultant based in London and Singapore.

As space colonisers such as Elon Musk and Jeffrey Bezos (owner of The Washington Post) aspire to shrink the cost of space travel, interest has picked up among oil states and others in how to power space settlements using water and minerals mined from the heavens.

A computer-generated rendering of several small robotic spacecraft mining a potential near-Earth asteroid.A computer-generated rendering of several small robotic spacecraft mining a potential near-Earth asteroid. AP Photo/Planetary Resources

Oil states are investing in companies and infrastructure that could one day mine minerals and water found on the moon and in asteroids.

"They are investing in it in order to attract business to the Middle East," James said. Oil states have large, empty spaces, relatively small populations and are located near the equator. The UAE has launched a multipronged effort to establish a space industry in which it has invested more than US$5 billion ($6.67 billion), and that includes four satellites already in space and another due to launch in 2018.

"The Middle East is ideal for launching rockets and spaceships," James said. "It's the long-term solution. Oil and gas may not run forever. So they are looking to invest and be part of the new, future economy."

The water is critical. It can be turned into hydrogen to fuel the spaceship, oxygen for breathing or left untouched for drinking and everyday use. Requiring only a four-day trip and containing lots of ice, the moon is a prime candidate for resource extraction.

The interest in space mining and industrialisation has picked up in recent years as Musk, Bezos and others push outward. Part of the key to unlocking affordable space travel and space industrialisation is finding extraterrestrial materials such as water and minerals that do not have to be rocketed up from Earth.

Goldman Sachs wrote a recent research note explaining that "space mining could be more realistic than perceived." The bank in the same report said the storage of water as a fuel could be a "game changer" by creating orbital gas stations.

Most of the minerals will remain for use in space. Some rare, highly valuable commodities could be brought back to Earth. Goldman Sachs, for instance, was quoted in a 2012 interview with Planetary Resources that estimated that a football field-size asteroid could contain up to US$50 billion worth of platinum.

"Asteroid mining could very quickly supply an emerging on-orbit manufacturing economy with nearly all the raw materials needed," according to the Goldman Sachs report.

The possibilities are beginning to register with the business sector.

"Within the next five years," James said, "mining and energy companies will start thinking about space mining before the shareholders start asking, 'What is your strategy?' and they answer, 'Oh, we don't have one.' "

The technology already exists. NASA launched a billion-dollar mission in September to vacuum materials from an 2,000-foot-wide asteroid called Bennu. The spacecraft is scheduled to sidle up to the asteroid in 2018, extend its arm and pull in its cargo. The ship will return to Earth a couple of years later.

But it is unclear whether mining on a wider scale is a real business, said Paul Chodas, an astronomer and asteroid expert with NASA.

The technology is there, but it's not simple. Asteroids travel through space at tens of thousands of miles per hour. Tracking asteroids and determining their composition is difficult.

"It's hard to determine which ones will have the most valuable minerals," Chodas said. He said it is doable, but "the question is cost-benefit. Is it worth the cost? We don't know yet. There is simply more work to be done to determine whether space mining is profitable. But it's promising."

Chris Lewicki is chief executive of Planetary Resources, a Seattle-area company studying asteroids to find one that is an appropriate candidate for mining.

Lewicki said the mining industry is a natural to make the first move when it comes to recovering space minerals because of its earthbound expertise. He foresees a small, robotic mining operation drilling for water on an asteroid in as soon as about 10 years.

"This is how [the mining industry] continues," Lewicki said. Mining asteroids "isn't a space project. It's a resource project. In the same way having minerals and materials are very important for our economy, space becomes a new medium for furthering that economy."

The regulatory phase got a major boost in 2015, when President Barack Obama signed legislation recognising asteroid resource property rights.

The law recognises the right of US citizens to own asteroid resources and encourages the commercial exploration and utilisation of resources from asteroids.

In addition to the UAE's space industry, Bloomberg News reports that the Saudis signed a pact with Russia in 2015 for cooperation on space exploration. Abu Dhabi is an investor in Richard Branson's space tourism venture, Virgin Galactic.

Several private companies, including Deep Space Industries, Planetary Resources and Shackleton Energy, are trying to crack the mining potential.

"If you have any significant human activity in space, then you are going to need resources," said Peter Stibrany, chief strategist and business developer for Deep Space Industries. "It will get too difficult to launch everything from the ground."

Deep Space Industries is four years old and living off seed money from investors and founders. Stibrany said the company is in the technology development stage and working to create delivery systems for lower orbit launches.

He said mining space resources faces what he calls a "four-dimensional problem."

The first two are technological and regulatory, which are being addressed.

"While the psychological barrier to mining asteroids is high, the actual financial and technological barriers are far lower," according to the Goldman Sachs report. "Prospecting probes can likely be built for tens of millions of dollars each, and Caltech has suggested an asteroid-grabbing spacecraft could cost $2.6 billion."

James pointed to "nano-sats," small satellites priced relatively inexpensively at $2 million each, far less than the hundreds of millions needed to place current satellites in orbit.

The third concern is the lack of a current market in asteroid resources. That should resolve itself when the space population hits critical mass, demanding infrastructure.

Then a business will follow if investors see that a reasonable return is likely over a reasonable amount of time with appropriate risks. That is the fourth hurdle.

"The end game," Stibrany said, "is that if you have 1,000 or 10,000 people living and working in space, there is no practical way that is going to work without using in-space resources."

This article was  published in afr.com

Categorized in Science & Tech

Icy exomoons dragged towards their star could hold onto life-giving atmospheres and liquid oceans for billions of years – if they’re big enough.

Many of the planets we’ve spotted outside our solar system are Jupiter-like gas giants, unsuited to life as we know it. But if they host rocky moons, those moons could make for liveable habitats.

However, Earth’s own dry companion shows how difficult it is for watery moons to form in the habitable zone. Such moons are common further out in the solar system, but are usually encased in ice, like Jupiter’s Europa and Saturn’s Enceladus.

If only you could bring those water-rich moons in closer.

Step forward hot Jupiters. These common gas giant exoplanets have often been found orbiting in their star’s habitable zone. Yet their large size puts them at odds with the amount of planetary material thought to have been available at their orbital distance. There’s an explanation for this discrepancy: if they formed further out, where there was more material available, they could have migrated inwards later to end up where we see them.

During such a trip, the ice of any watery moon that orbited the planet may turn to gas and this could be retained, depending on the moon’s size and therefore its gravitational hold.

Keeping an atmosphere

To find out how large a melting moon would need to be to keep a habitable atmosphere, Owen Lehmer at the University of Washington in Seattle applied equations of atmospheric escape to the moons of our own solar system as he simulated them travelling towards the sun.

His calculations suggest that a body the size of Jupiter’s Ganymede, the solar system’s largest moon at  about two-thirds the size of Mars, could hold on to a liveable watery atmosphere for hundreds of billions of years. Much smaller, though, and runaway greenhouse effects would render the moon uninhabitable.

“Lots of the gas giants we have found are in the habitable zone, so it is not unreasonable to suspect this sort of migration is common,” says Lehmer.

“This is a very interesting finding for exomoon habitability,” says René Heller of the European Space Agency’s PLATO mission, which aims to discover planets in the habitable zone of stars. “Our models suggest the formation of even more massive moons than Ganymede is common.”

This article was published on newscientist.com By James Romero

Categorized in Science & Tech

Unlike anywhere else in the solar system, Saturn's moon Titan is brighter during twilight than during daylight, a new study finds.

Titan is bigger than the planet Mercury, making it the largest of the more than 60 known moons orbiting Saturn. Titan is also the only moon in the solar system that's known to have a thick atmosphere. In fact, the atmospheric pressure near Titan's surface is about 60 percent greater than Earth's — that's about the same pressure found at the bottom of a swimming pool on Earth, according to NASA.

In the new study, scientists analyzed data that NASA's Cassini spacecraft collected of Titan's hazy, soupy atmosphere, and studied them in wavelengths of light that ranged from ultraviolet to visible to near infrared. They unexpectedly discovered that on Titan, "twilight is brighter than the dayside," study lead author Antonio García Muñoz, a planetary scientist at the Technical University of Berlin, told Space.com. [Titan in Photos: Amazing Views from Cassini]

To shed light on why Titan is so bright at twilight, the researchers analyzed how Titan's highly extended atmosphere scattered light. (Previous research found that since Titan is only about 2 percent Earth's mass, its gravity doesn't allow it to hold on to its gaseous envelope as tightly as Earth's does, so Titan's atmosphere extends to an altitude 10 times higher than Earth's — nearly 370 miles (600 kilometers) into space, according to NASA.)

Clouds on Titan are visible in this image taken by the Cassini spacecraft in October, 2016, with the probe's narrow angle camera, capturing light in the near-infrared range, which makes Titan's thick atmosphere slightly more transparent. NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Because Titan's atmosphere is both hazy and extends high up, at twilight, more light gets scattered onto Titan's surface than it does during the daytime "at all wavelengths investigated," García Muñoz said. In fact, based on computer models and Cassini data, twilight can be up to 200 times brighter than daytime, he added. [How Humans Could Live on Titan (Infographic)]

To understand why this happens, imagine Titan as a ball facing the sun. On the side directly facing the sun, it's daytime; on the side facing away from the sun, it's nighttime; and on the border between these sides, it's twilight. The haze particles in Titan's atmosphere tend to scatter light at a forward angle (meaning the light is deflected somewhat, but keeps going in the same general direction). The researchers' calculations showed it is possible that Titan's thick, dense atmosphere could scatter more light toward the twilight regions than the central daylight region, just like Cassini observed. In addition, since Titan's highly extended atmosphere sticks far out into space, a great deal of the photons that would pass right by the sides of a moon with a less-extended atmosphere instead get directed to the rim of the sun-facing side of Titan (above the twilight region). 

These findings help scientists understand how much solar energy gets absorbed by Titan's surface and atmosphere, García Muñoz said. This in turn can shed light on how its weather and seas operate, and what conditions any life that may or may not exist on Titan's surface might face.

The researchers also suggest that similar surges in brightness may happen on distant exoplanets outside the solar system. 

"If one could eventually detect a similar optical phenomenon at an exoplanet, then we could reasonably guess that the exoplanet atmosphere shares some similarities with Titan's. In particular, we could probably guess that its atmosphere is extended and hazy," García Muñoz said. "This is important, because determining the properties of exoplanet atmospheres is very challenging," and detecting this effect could help "inform us of their main properties."

The scientists detailed their findings online April 24 in the journal Nature Astronomy.

Originally published on Space.com. By Charles Q.

Categorized in Science & Tech

It might look like a frozen wasteland, but beneath the inhospitable surface of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, life could be thriving in warm underground seas, scientists believe.Nasa’s Cassini spacecraft has picked up the first evidence that chemical reactions are happening deep below the ice which could be creating an environment capable of supporting microbes.Experts said the discovery was ‘the last piece’ in the puzzle which proved that life was possible on Enceladus, a finding all the more remarkable because the small moon is 887 million miles away from the Sun.

Prof David Rothery, Professor of Planetary Geosciences, The Open University, said: “At present, we know of only one genesis of life, the one that led to us.“If we knew that life had started independently in two places in our Solar System, then we could be pretty confident that life also got started on some of the tens of billions of planets and moons around other stars in our galaxy.”
Plumes of vapour shooting up from Enceladus' ocean 
Plumes of vapour shooting up from Enceladus' ocean  CREDIT: NASA 
Liquid oceans exist miles below the surface on Enceladus, so to find out what is happening in the underground seas scientists must rely on the plumes of spray which shoot up into the atmosphere through cracks in the ice.In October 2015 Nasa sent Cassini into a deep dive through one of those plumes and discovered hydrogen and carbon dioxide.In a report of their findings published today in the journal Science, scientists said that the ‘only plausible’ source for the hydrogen was chemical reactions between warm water and rocks on the ocean floor.
Crucially, if hydrogen is present it can mix with carbon dioxide to form methane, which is consumed by microbes in the deep, dark seas of our own planet.
Cassini pictured making a fly-by of Enceladus 
Cassini pictured making a fly-by of Enceladus  CREDIT: NASA 
“Saturn’s moon Enceladus has an ice-covered ocean, and a plume of material erupts from cracks in the ice,” said Professor Hunter Waite, of Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) in San Antonio, Principal Investigator for Cassini’s Mass Spectrometer instrument which detected the hydrogen.“The plume contains chemical signatures of water-rock interaction between the ocean and a rocky core. We find that the most plausible source of this hydrogen is ongoing hydrothermal reactions of rock containing reduced minerals and organic materials.“On the modern Earth, geochemically derived fuels such as hydrogen support thriving ecosystems even in the absence of sunlight.”Enceladus is the sixth largest moon of Saturn, and was discovered in 1789 by the British astronomer William Herschel. It is around 310 miles in diameter and approximately 790 million miles from Earth.
Scientists had long suspected that liquid water could exist on the moon because of the extreme tidal forces acting on the satellite from Saturn’s gravity.In 2005 Nasa launched Cassini to explore Saturn and its moons, and in 2015 discovered that Enceladus wobbled slightly as it orbited the planet, which could only be accounted for its outer shell was not frozen solid to its interior. A global ocean must be present under the icy surface, the experts concluded.Since then, researchers have been studying data sent back from the spacecraft to see if the instruments on board had picked up any other clues that life might be present.
The new results are the strongest indication yet that Enceladus has all the conditions needed for life to form. If life is present, it could resemble single-celled tube-like extremophiles which have lived in hydrothermal vents on Earth for billions of years.
Extremophiles like those found in hydrothermal vents on Earth may live on Saturn's moon
Extremophiles like those found in hydrothermal vents on Earth may live on Saturn's moon CREDIT: NOAA NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE 
Prof Rothery, added: “We do now have the last piece of evidence needed to demonstrate that life is possible there.“This is life that needs neither oxygen nor sunlight, and may be the form in which life on Earth began, before some of it adapted to other conditions.”Enceladus is so far the furthest rock from the Sun that could support life in the Solar System. Some scientists think Uranus’ moon Ariel may have a liquid ocean, but it has not yet been proven.Although scientists previously thought Enceladus’ icy crust was around 13 miles thick, recent data from Cassini has shown that at the south pole, it could be as little as three miles deep.
Commenting on the new research Dr David Clements, Astrophysicist at Imperial College London, said: “We have long suspected that hydrothermal processes are behind the Enceladus plumes and the liquid ocean that fuels them, so this result is fully consistent with that picture.“This discovery does not mean that life exists on Enceladus, but it is a step on the way to that result.“It doesn't really tell us anything about how life started on Earth. But it is great to see confirmation that similar hydrothermal processes are at work elsewhere in the Solar System.”
Prof Andrew Coates, Professor of Physics at UCL, said: “This is an exciting and remarkable result which shows that Enceladus may actually be habitable.“We know that the four requirements for life as we know it are liquid water, the right chemistry, a source of energy and enough time for life to develop. But now, we know that 3 of the 4 conditions are there on Enceladus - and this distant moon now joins Mars and Europa as the best potential locations for life beyond Earth in our solar system.”
Source : telegraph.co.uk
Categorized in Science & Tech

China is planning to make a soft landing on the so-called dark side of the moon. It's a chance for the newly-emerging space power to flex some extraterrestrial muscle, and look even further into space.

In a white paper published on Tuesday, the Chinese government said its Chang'e 4 mission aims to explore the mysterious far side of the lunar surface.

The plan envisages the project fulfilling the three strategic steps of "orbiting, landing and returning" from the distant surface of Earth's nearest neighbor.

After a "soft landing" on the moon, it's planned that the rover will map contours and surface features, as well as looking at the geology on the far side. It's hoped that the probe might be returned with soil samples, and bring back clues about how the moon formed.

"Geological survey and research as well as low-frequency radio astronomy observation and research will be carried out targeting the landing area on the far side of the moon for a better understanding of the formation and evolution of the moon," said the white paper, which envisages 2018 as a launch date.

Not completely in the dark

The "dark" tag is something of a misnomer, being unrelated to the amount of light that reaches the far side of Earth's nearest neighbor.

Tidal forces from the Earth have slowed the Moon's rotation so that one side constantly faces the Earth, a phenomenon called tidal locking, but both sides of the Moon experience two weeks of sunlight followed by two weeks of night. The far side is fully shrouded in darkness only when we perceive the moon as being full.

The term "dark" instead refers to a sense of mystery - with the far side of the moon unseen by human eyes until man was able to send spacecraft around it. The far side was first imaged by the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft in 1959. 

Apollo 13 Mond (CC by The Apollo Image Gallery)

The crew of Apollo13 13 photographed the dark side of the moon from their lunar module

Famously, the crew of Apollo 13 photographed the far side of the moon as they used lunar gravity to slingshot their crippled spacebound craft back in the direction of Earth. Those and subsequent Apollo images show a more pockmarked appearance than on the near side with its lunar "seas" or "maria."

Radio telescope plan

In truth, the near side is a bit lighter thanks to "Earthshine" - the reflected light from our planet onto the lunar surface - light which never reaches the dark side.

In a similar way to that light, the Moon's far side is also shielded from radio transmissions from Earth, something that would make it the ideal location for a radio telescope. A number of bowl-shaped craters would provide natural formations for a stationary telescope similar to one here on Earth, in Arecibo, Puerto Rico. They could keep in touch with Earth stations using specially placed relay satellites.

NASA Mond Erde (NASA)

Taken by a camera on the Deep Space Climate Observatory, this picture of the dark side doesn't look real - but it is

It's not the first inkling we've had that China's plans to land on the far side in the near future, but the white paper marks a firm official statement of intent.

Space security expert He Qisong told the AP news agency that the announcement means China probably had the basic technology in place to achieve its goal. "China never talks big and says something it's unable to achieve," said He.

Popular with space buffs

China has already landed a probe on the near side of the moon, deploying the rover Jade Rabbit as part of its Chang'e-3 lunar mission. The project proved a hit with Chinese space fans, who had been asked to name the rover and who followed its "first person" social media account of life on the lunar surface.

In other parts of the white paper on Tuesday China reiterated its plan to launch a Mars probe by 2020, saying it aims to bring back samples from the Red Planet. It also aims to explore the Jupiter system and "conduct research into major scientific questions such as the origin and evolution of the solar system, and search for extraterrestrial life."

Author: Richard Connor
Source: http://www.dw.com/en/china-plots-course-for-dark-side-of-the-moon/a-36924815


Categorized in Science & Tech

Alien hunters are convinced this huge apparently disc-shaped UFO crossing the moon is yet more proof of extraterrestrial life.


Mystery surrounds the object which appeared from out of the blue as the Miami Observatory in Florida streamed a feed of the lunar surface on December 3.


The dark circle-shaped shadow is captured above the moon, sparking theories from a well-known UFO enthusiast that it is a craft created by an intelligent species.


Scott C. Waring, from UFOsightingsdaily.com, said: "It's not a man-made object, because there are not solar panel wings on it to gather energy.





"There are no antennas on it for transmitting, also the surface is not completely round, but has a rough edge to it.


"Looks like a bio-mechanically grown UFO." 


One poster on YouTube refuted claims that it was an alien spaceship or even an object.


They said: "After studying it is NOT an object.


"I have come to these conclusions after multiple re-plays effected, I have seen that it does not maintain the form.


"For me it is the outskirts of a shadow. If this is so it is very possible that the object crossed between the Moon and the Sun projecting the shadow."


Another user said: "Peekaboo UFO, they know we are watching."


This is not the first, and certainly won't be the last lunar-related UFO sighting or claims of an 'alien base' on the grey planet.





It was claimed last month that an “M-shaped” structure in NASA satellite photosis a base for extraterrestrials, while another weird object spotted in imagery from the space agency was dubbed an 'alien antenna' .


Footage also emerged recently of a mysterious UFO hurtling past the International Space Station as it orbits Earth — seconds before the live feed cuts out.


Source :http://www.foxnews.com/science/2016/12/13/huge-mysterious-ufo-disc-shaped-object-captured-crossing-moons-surface-was-alien-spaceship-say-et-hunters.html 

Categorized in Science & Tech

Neither candidate spoke much about space during the 2016 election, but just before Trump was elected president, he outlined a plan for NASA to move from an Earth-monitoring agency to one devoted to exploration.

When Obama took office, he told NASA to ditch the plan to revisit the moon and concentrate on sending humans to Mars in the 2030s, but Trump has set the space agency only one goal.

The president-elect wants NASA to explore the furthest reaches of the solar system by the end of the century, according to Space Policy Online.

“I will free NASA from the restriction of serving primarily as a logistics agency for low Earth orbit activity… Instead we will refocus its mission on space exploration.”


Trump’s new space plan, still a little short on details, focuses on eliminating bureaucratic waste, promoting a private-public partnership, and setting ambitious goals for NASA that will force the agency to stretch itself.

It’s the same kind of goal Kennedy gave NASA in 1961 when he instructed the agency to catch up and overtake the Soviet Union to win the space race.

“We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.”

In the weeks and months leading up to the election, neither candidate had much to say about space and the presidential debates didn’t even mention NASA.

After the second debate, SpaceNews sent both Clinton and Trump a series of questions asking about their plans for NASA, which was followed up by a questionnaire from Scientific American a few weeks later. Clinton praised NASA and dropped the names of space super stars like a pro while Trump gave short vaguely worded answers devoid of any specifics.

 Then, shortly before Election Day, the new president-elect recruited former Republican congressman Robert Walker, who chaired the Science, Space, and Technology Committee in the 1990s, to help draft a plan for NASA.

Trump’s new space policy, heavily influenced by Walker, is designed to coordinate public and private efforts to maximize American efforts to explore the entire solar system. That includes mining valuable minerals from the asteroid belt and visiting Jupiter’s moon Europa, perhaps the best place to find alien life near Earth.

Trump plans to bring back the National Space Council, last in operation under George H.W. Bush, explore deep space, and encourage commercial partners to build a new economy in low Earth orbit, Walker told Mother Jones.

“If you’re looking at technology that looks for the solar system, you are then likely to move toward plasma rockets, toward nuclear-powered rockets, certainly toward solar sails.”

The space council, headed by the vice president, would be charged with making sure each partner, NASA, the military, and commercial partners, are all playing their proper role.

The new president-elect also has plans to abandon climate research, transfer Earth monitoring funding from NASA to NOAA, and strengthen the U.S. military’s stance in orbit.


Trump’s administration plans to eliminate many of the redundancies facing the American space program today. NASA is currently building a massive rocket known as the Space Launch System (SLS), but there are private companies also working on heavy rockets capable of deep space travel.

Ditching the NASA launch vehicle and relying on private spaceships would free up federal funds for other space-related projects, which would reduce costs, create jobs, and promote growth.

With better cooperation between the government and private companies, federal funds could be better utilized to help America explore the solar system, U.S. Rep. Jim Bridenstine, who is on the short list to head NASA, told SpaceNews.

“The United States of America is the only nation that can protect space for the free world and for responsible entities, and preserves space for generations to come. America must forever be the preeminent spacefaring nation.”

Source:  inquisitr.com

Categorized in News & Politics
Page 1 of 2

airs logo

Association of Internet Research Specialists is the world's leading community for the Internet Research Specialist and provide a Unified Platform that delivers, Education, Training and Certification for Online Research.

Get Exclusive Research Tips in Your Inbox

Receive Great tips via email, enter your email to Subscribe.

Follow Us on Social Media