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[Source: This article was Published in lifewire.com By Tim Fisher - Uploaded by the Association Member: Issac Avila]

Do research, check neighborhood safety, or report crimes using these sites

Find crime statistics, crime scene investigation information, police information, and more with these law enforcement search engines, sites, and communities. These websites are open to everyone, and the information they contain is free. 

 Family Watchdog: Sex Offender Registry

Family Watchdog Sex Offender Registry

What We Like

  • Sends free notifications when offenders move in or out of your area.

  • Also contains information on food and drug recalls.

  • Includes blog with entries on topics to keep your family safe.

What We Don't Like

  • Map legend needs clearer explanations of the icons.

  • You have to click on icons one at a time to pull up the offender's photo and information.

  • The site is ad heavy.

Family Watchdog provides a notification service. You register an account and are delighted to see that no sex offenders live in your neighborhood. However, that could change, and if it does, you'll receive an email or text message from Family Watchdog with information about the new neighbor. You can also opt to search the data base of offenders by state. 

What We Like

  • Includes registries for 50 states, D.C., five territories, and many Indian tribes.

  • The Education & Protection web page includes safety information for families.

  • No advertisements.

What We Don't Like

  • Each registry is maintained by its state, territory, or tribe.

  • Any requests for changes or additional information must go through the individual registry affected.

The National Sex Offender Registry from the U.S. Department of Justice is another free service you can use to identify registered sex offenders in your local area. Sex offender registries, a searchable database of sex offender information and statistics, and help for victims of sexual crimes are all available here. You can search by name, location, ZIP code, address, school, and daycare facility. This information is especially useful if you're planning a move and want to make sure that neighborhoods you are thinking of moving to are safe. 

FBI

FBI

What We Like

  • Features a Case of the Week each week.

  • Contains information on fugitives, terrorists, kidnapped and missing persons, and crime statistics.

  • Seeks names or information on unidentified persons shown in photos or sketches.

What We Don't Like

  • How and where to search for information is difficult to determine on this vast website.

  • Designed to seek help from the public, rather than to serve as a search engine.

An enormous amount of information is available on the FBI website, including lots of crime statistics and law enforcement information, reports and publications, a Top Ten Fugitive list, information on how to become an FBI agent. The site is home to a rotating set of featured stories regarding crime and law enforcement, crime statistics, victim assistance, warnings about current popular scams, criminal justice information services, and much more. This site is updated frequently, as FBI information tends to change often. 

Officer.com

Officercom

What We Like

  • Headlines and the forums are updated regularly.

  • A collection of current goings-on in the law enforcement communities.

What We Don't Like

  • Contains many advertisements.

  • The headlines link to stories on other sites. There is no original content.

  • Not useful as a search engine.

The Officer.com website is useful for law enforcement agency search, officer search, and crime sites search. Firearms information, tactical training, career information, and active forums are also available. Much of the information is aimed at police officers, but it is of potential interest to anyone who wants to learn more about the criminal justice system. 

 National Criminal Justice Reference Service

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

What We Like

  • Enormous collection of search topics relating to crime and law enforcement.

  • Hundreds of downloadable publications.

  • If you can't find an answer to a question on the site, you are encouraged to email it to a Specialist for an answer.

What We Don't Like

  • The site contains so much information, it is a little overwhelming.

  • No indication how long it takes for a live Specialist to respond to an emailed question.

The National Criminal Justice Reference Service is a free, federally funded organization and website that provides justice and drug-related information to support research, policy, and program development. Search through A-Z topics, learn about the courts, funding opportunities, and law enforcement. Many different organizations are represented here, including the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Juvenile Justice, and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. 

 FindLaw

FindLaw

What We Like

  • Searches yield the names of lawyers with a specified area of expertise in a specific location.

  • Frequent updates with articles on current topics.

  • Library of podcasts and blogs.

  • Legal forms for download.

What We Don't Like

  • FindLaw is predominantly a legal marketing firm.

  • Law firms pay to be listed in the FindLaw directory.

FindLaw is a legal directory on the web with consumer legal information, criminal law resources, and a ton more law enforcement topics. All sorts of legal topics, state law information, and help in finding a local attorney for any legal need you might have are also available here. If you have a bit of legal research that you'd like to do, this is also a useful site. It doesn't substitute for advice from a licensed attorney, but it's good for getting started. 

Department of Justice

Department of Justice

What We Like

  • Attractive, professional website.

  • Provides ways to find sales of seized properties, locate prison inmates, identify missing persons, and report crimes.

  • Updated regularly.

What We Don't Like

  • The website contains so much information, it is difficult to know where to look.

  • Lists job possibilities but doesn't give information on requirements needed to apply.

All sorts of interesting things are on the U.S. Department of Justice website including reporting a crime, finding a job, locating an inmate, finding help for crime victims, sales of seized property, even reporting waste and misconduct. Here are just a few of the topics you'll find at the Department of Justice: How to Combat Terrorism, Uphold Civil Rights & Liberties, End Violence Against Women, and much more. You can also sign up for email updates to keep track of the latest law and order news that affects the nation. The Department of Justice also has a presence on several of the major social media platforms.

SpotCrime

SpotCrime

What We Like

  • Displays icons for different types of crimes on an area map.

  • Sends text messages to registered users when new crimes occur in their areas.

  • Includes burglary, theft, identify theft, assault, and other types of crimes.

What We Don't Like

  • Information about an individual crime is limited to date, type of crime, and address.

  • Contains display ads.

  • User interface could use a makeover.

SpotCrime provides a map of crime hot spots for hundreds of different cities around the United States. Click on your state and find the city you're looking for or give the website permission to determine your location, and then read the map legend to figure out what kind of crimes are represented on the map. You're able to browse by state here, and you can submit crime information if you have it. 

 

Categorized in Internet Privacy

[This article is originally published in bbc.com - Uploaded by AIRS Member: Bridget Miller]

Police found an internet search for "Scotland serial killers" during an investigation into two women charged with murdering a disabled woman.

Officers also discovered checks for "Peter Tobin" and "Peter Manuel".

There was further research online for how long "the integrity of a crime scene" is kept.

They were found after the body of Sharon Greenop was discovered at her home in Troon, South Ayrshire, in November 2016.

Her sister Lynnette Greenop, 40, and her daughter Shayla Greenop, 20, are accused of her murder. They deny the charges.

It is claimed Sharon Greenop was assaulted on various occasions between 8 September and 10 November 2016.

The High Court in Glasgow heard police examined two Samsung phones during the investigation.

Number of victims

The jury was previously told Shayla Greenop had earlier handed over a mobile voluntarily.

Police Scotland's Cyber Crime Unit carried out checks on phones, including what had been accessed online.

The trial heard there had been an internet search for "Scotland serial killers".

A check of the web history further revealed a number of sites had been looked at.

This included a search on Wikipedia for "Peter Manuel".

Amongst other names were "Peter Tobin", "Robert Black" and "Archibald Hall".

A further check was for a "list of serial killers by number of victims".

Other searches included "How long is the integrity of a crime scene kept" and "How long to complete an adult adoption".

Bloodstains in bedroom

The trial also heard on Monday from a forensic scientist who said that blood spots matching the DNA of Sharon Greenop were found on a wall beside her bed and on a mattress protector.

James Hawkins said he visited the Greenop's home along with a pathologist and police officers while Sharon Greenop's body was still in the bed.

He examined the bedroom for bloodstains.

He told prosecutor Ashlie Edwards that a small piece of body tissue with clotted blood and a single hair on it was also discovered in the bedroom. This also matched her DNA.

Referring to the bloodstains Mr Hawkins told the court: "In my opinion this could be explained by Sharon Greenop having been repeatedly struck whilst bleeding and lying on the bed."

Defense QC Frances McMenamin, representing Lynette Greenop, asked Mr Hawkins: "You can't say when that blood or DNA was deposited," and he replied: "No, that's not possible."

The jury heard that the rest of the house was also examined for bloodstains and none were found.

The murder charge alleges Sharon Greenop was repeatedly struck with object or objects and had her neck compressed.

It is said injuries were also inflicted "by means unknown" and that there was a failure to obtain medical help.

The two accused, who both live in Ayr, deny all charges.

The trial, before Lady Carmichael, continues.

Categorized in Investigative Research

The internet is much more than just the publicly available, Google-able web services most online users frequent – and that’s good for free expression. Companies frequently create private networks to enable employees to use secure corporate servers, for example. And free software allows individuals to create what are called “peer-to-peer” networks, connecting directly from one machine to another.

Unable to be indexed by current search engines, and therefore less visible to the general public, subnetworks like these are often called “darknets,” or collective as the singular “darknet.” These networks typically use software, such as Tor, that anonymizes the machines connecting to them, and encrypts the data traveling through their connections.

Some of what’s on the darknet is alarming. A 2015 story from Fox News reads:

“Perusing the darknet offers a jarring jaunt through jaw-dropping depravity: Galleries of child pornography, videos of humans having sex with animals, offers for sale of illegal drugs, weapons, stolen credit card numbers and fake identifications for sale. Even human organs reportedly from Chinese execution victims are up for sale on the darknet.”

But that’s not the whole story – nor the whole content and context of the darknet. Portraying the darknet as primarily, or even solely, for criminals ignores the societal forces that push people toward these anonymous networks. Our research into the content and activity of one major darknet, called Freenet, indicates that darknets should be understood not as a crime-ridden “Wild West,” but rather as “wilderness,” spaces that by design are meant to remain unsullied by the civilizing institutions – law enforcement, governments and corporations – that have come to dominate the internet.

There is definitely illegal activity on the darknet, as there is on the open internet. However, many of the people using the darknet have a diverse range of motives and activities, linked by a common desire to reclaim what they see as major benefits of technology: privacy and free speech.

Describing Freenet

Our research explored Freenet, an anonymous peer-to-peer network accessed via a freely downloadable application. In this type of network, there are no centralized servers storing information or transferring data. Rather, each computer that joins the network takes on some of the tasks of sharing information.

When a user installs Freenet, her computer establishes a connection to a small group of existing Freenet users. Each of these is connected in turn to other Freenet users’ computers. Through these connections, the entire contents of the network are available to any user. This design allows Freenet to be decentralized, anonymous and resistant to surveillance and censorship.

Freenet’s software requires users to donate a portion of their local hard drive space to store Freenet material. That information is automatically encrypted, so the computer’s owner does not know what files are stored or the contents of those files. Files shared on the network are stored on numerous computers, ensuring they will be accessible even if some people turn off their machines.

Joining the network

As researchers, we played the role of a novice Freenet user. The network allows many different types of interaction, including social networking sites and even the ability to build direct relationships with other users. But our goal was to understand what the network had to offer to a new user just beginning to explore the system.

There are several Freenet sites that have used web crawlers to index the network, offering a sort of directory of what is available. We visited one of these sites to download their list. From the 4,286 total sites in the index we chose, we selected a random sample of 427 sites to visit and study more closely. The sites with these indexes are a part of the Freenet network, and therefore can be accessed only by users who have downloaded the software. Standard search engines cannot be used to find sites on Freenet.

An introductory page on Freenet. Roderick Graham and Brian Pitman, CC BY-ND

Finding a ‘hacker ethic’

What we found indicated that Freenet is dominated by what scholars call a “hacker ethic.” This term encompasses a group of progressive and libertarian beliefs often espoused by hackers, which are primarily concerned with these ideals:

  • Access to information should be free;
  • Technology can, and should, improve people’s lives;
  • Bureaucracy and authority are not to be trusted;
  • A resistance to conventional and mainstream lifestyles

Some of that may be because using darknet technology often requires additional technical understanding. In addition, people with technical skills may be more likely to want to find, use and even create services that have technological protections against surveillance.

Our reading of hacking literature suggests to us that the philosophical and ideological beliefs driving darknet users are not well-known. But without this context, what we observed on Freenet would be hard to make sense of.

There were Freenet sites for sharing music, e-books and video. Many sites were focused around personal self-expression, like regular internet blogs. Others were dedicated to promoting a particular ideology. For example, socialist and libertarian content was common. Still other sites shared information from whistle-blowers or government documents, including a copy of the Wikileaks website’s data, complete with its “Afghan War Diary” of classified documents about the United States military invasion of Afghanistan following the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

With the hacker ethic as a guide, we can understand that most of this content is from individuals who have a deep mistrust of authority, reject gross materialism and conformity, and wish to live their digital lives free of surveillance.

What about crime?

There is criminal activity on Freenet. About a quarter of the sites we observed either delivered or linked to child pornography. This is alarming, but must be seen in the proper context. Legal and ethical limits on researchers make it very hard to measure the magnitude of pornographic activity online, and specifically child pornography.

Once we came upon a site that purported to have child pornography, we left the site immediately without investigating further. For example, we did not seek to determine whether there was just one image or an entire library or marketplace selling pornographic content. This was a good idea from the perspectives of both law and ethics, but did not allow us to gather any real data about how much pornography was actually present.

Other research suggests that the presence of child pornography is not a darknet or Freenet problem, but an internet problem. Work from the the Association for Sites Advocating Child Protection points to pervasive sharing of child pornography well beyond just Freenet or even the wider set of darknets. Evaluating the darknet should not stop just at the presence of illegal material, but should extend to its full content and context.

A pie chart shows the share of Freenet sites devoted to particular types of content. Roderick Graham and Brian Pitman, CC BY-ND

With this new information, we can look more accurately at the darknet. It contains many distinct spaces catering to a wide range of activities, from meritorious to abhorrent. In this sense, the darknet is no more dangerous than the rest of the internet. And darknet services do provide anonymity, privacy, freedom of expression and security, even in the face of a growing surveillance state.

The Conversation

The authors do not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and have disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.

Source : http://siouxcityjournal.com/opinion/columnists/far-beyond-crime-ridden-depravity-darknets-are-key-strongholds-of/article_03394871-e577-510a-82b2-e23102e327d5.html

Categorized in Deep Web

Crime is transitioning into a more digital setting these days. Traditional criminal operations become harder to execute and require a lot of logistical preparation. Online crime, on the other hand, is much more approachable. Over in Croatia, the shift to online crime is very noticeable, and most of the activity is taking place on deep web marketplaces.

Croatia Is A Darknet Crime Hub To Reckon With

The increase in online crime in Croatia was first noted by news outlet Novilist. Thanks to the anonymity aspect provided by the Tor Network, and the sheer popularity of darknet marketplaces, it makes sense for criminals to shift their activities to the Internet. As a result, it becomes much more difficult for law enforcement agents to crack down on crime in the country.

So far, law enforcement agencies have completed their investigation of several deep web cases. The vast majority of online crime related to buying and selling drugs, as well as dealing in stolen financial information such as credit card dumps and bank accounts. Considering how the deep web gives anyone access to all kinds of products and services, the global appeal continues to increase every quarter.

Croatian High-tech Crime Department’s Kristina Posavec stated:

“There are plenty of these dark net markets that offer absolutely everything – from drugs, weapons and stolen personal information to child pornography, credit card information and illicit drugs. Absolutely everything, whatever you wish, you can find there. If someone wants to get drugs he no longer needs to look for dealers in dark alleys when you can order drugs that will arrive at your home address, packed in a box of CDs or a box of chocolates. This is one of the most popular methods because it is more convenient and easier. A 14-15-year-old child can easily order drugs from the living room, without the knowledge of his parents.”

Despite the increase in online crime, the Tor Network is not only used for criminal activity. Plenty of people use the technology to remain anonymous on the Internet or hide their real IP location for legitimate purposes. People access Facebook through Tor, and journalists rely on the network to work in anonymity.

That being said, the rise in darknet crimes has Croatian officials concerned. Revealing user identities is far more challenging than before, as tracing the digital breadcrumbs can be a challenge. Additionally, there are roughly 1,200 deep web crime cases reported every year, indicating this new form of crime needs to be taken seriously.

Author:  JP Buntinx

Source:  http://www.livebitcoinnews.com/deep-web-crime-croatia-exploded-recent-years

Categorized in Deep Web

A newly-released annual Norton Cyber Security Insights Report has found that global cyber crime cost a massive $126 billion during 2015, and affected 689 million people in 21 different countries.

The findings show a 10-percent increase in cyber crime from the previous year.

“The study found a number of factors responsible for the high numbers of affected people, including users’ habits, lack of awareness and a lackadaisical attitude to their online safety despite being aware of some of the threats, as well as the proliferation of connected devices and increasing instances of connecting to non-secure networks,” the International Business Times reported.

Additionally, the survey found that the United States was the most susceptible developed nation, with 39 percent of Americans falling victim to a cyber crime versus a 31-percent average for the rest of the world. The US was responsible for nearly one sixth of the cost, $20.3 billion, of cyber crime globally.

Parents in the US also believe, more than any other nation, that their children are more likely to be bullied online than in a playground or at school. In the US, 64 percent of parents believe online bullying is the bigger concern, versus 48 percent globally.

The Netherlands had the lowest rate of cyber crime, with 14 percent of their citizens falling victim, according to the study.

When looking at the age of those most affected, millennials displayed the highest vulnerability, with 40 percent of those surveyed having been the victims of cyber crime at least once in 2015.

Of those surveyed, over 40 percent could not tell the difference between a regular email and a phishing email. Out of those who had been targeted in phishing attempts, 13 percent fell for them, clicking on malicious links or sharing personal information. Approximately 80 percent of those who did ended up facing negative consequences, including identity theft, bank fraud, or credit cards being registered in their names.

With the widespread nature of cyber crime, 51 percent of those surveyed stated their belief that it is harder to protect themselves online than it is in the real world.

Author:  Tech

Source:  https://sputniknews.com

Categorized in Internet Privacy

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