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[Source: This article was published in bbc.co.uk - Uploaded by the Association Member: Jennifer Levin]

Google turns 21 on Friday 27 September. The popular search engine is used by people right across the world and it's become a really important part of the internet for many.

To mark the special day we've got 21 facts about the tech giant that you might not know, unless you've already googled them yourself, of course!

 

  • 1Perhaps unsurprisingly, Google is the world's most visited website - it's even one of the most-searched terms on Bing.
  • 2Google was started by two college students, named Larry Page and Sergey Brin. They wanted to create a website which would rank pages based on how many other pages linked back to them, a bit like a web.
  • 3The word Google comes from the term 'googol', which is the number one followed by a hundred zeroes. The creators chose it to reflect the huge amount of data they were searching through.
  • 4The first-ever 'google doodle' (when Google's homepage changes to mark an important event) was created in celebration of the 1998 Burning Man Festival. The founders wanted people to know why they were out of the office.
  • 5Some of Google's most memorable doodles have celebrated the discovery of water on the Moon and John Lennon's 70th birthday, which was the first-ever video doodle.
  • 6The first Google server was stored in a custom case made of Lego.
  • 8At the Googleplex, there is a giant statue of a T-Rex dinosaur, which is often covered in flamingos. Rumour has it that this is a reminder to Google employees not to allow the company to go extinct.
  • 9Its headquarters are huge and there is lots of greenery. However, instead of lawnmowers, Google hires goats to keep the grass trimmed.
  • 10Google was the first big tech company to offer free meals to people who work there, and it allows employees to bring in their dogs to work.
  • 11Google Image Search launched in July 2001 and was inspired by the green Versace dress which Jennifer Lopez wore to the 2000 Grammy Awards. The dress became the most popular search query on Google - but there was no way to actually see it!
jenny.rtrs
REUTERS
Jennifer Lopez recently wore the same Versace dress during fashion week in Milan
  • 12Google first announced its e-mail service, known as G-mail, on April Fool's Day in 2004. As a result, many people thought it was a joke!
  • 13The verb 'google' was added to the Merriam-Webster dictionary in 2006, which defines it as "to use the Google search engine to obtain information on the World Wide Web".

 

  • 14YouTube became part of the Google family in 2006 after it was bought for more than $1.5 billion. At present, YouTube has nearly 2 billion monthly users, with more than 400 hours of video uploaded every minute.
gettyimages
GETTY IMAGES
The video-sharing platform has been part of the Google family for more than 10 years
  • 15The internet was 'broken' by a programmer at Google in 2009 after they accidentally added '/' to Google's blocked website registry. There is a '/' in nearly every website created, so nothing online could be accessed.
  • 1615% of the searches made every day on Google have never been searched before.
  • 17In April 2018, Google became the first company to achieve 100% renewable energy. This means that it is able to purchase a kilowatt of renewable energy for every kilowatt it uses.
  • 18Google actually has at least six birthdays, but it chooses to celebrate it on the 27th of September.
  • 19Google has a lot of little tricks. For example, if you search 'askew', all of the results turn crooked.
  • 20Just one Google search uses around the same amount of computing power it took to send the Apollo 11 astronauts to the Moon.
  • 21Nowadays, Google is far more than just a search engine. Future developments are set to include artificial intelligence, a new streaming-based gaming platform, and even driverless cars.

Categorized in Search Engine

Psychopaths are everywhere. No really, they’re all over the place — on TV, in our favorite movies, in the office, or next to you on the subway. As many as 5 percent of people may possess psychopathic tendencies,but before you freak out over the possibility of Hannibal Lecter-like predators lurking around every corner, take a second to learn what it actually means to be psychopathic. Psychopathy is perhaps the most dramatized and talked about mental condition in the entertainment industry and media, and its definition has been twisted and manipulated along the way. So the facts may surprise you.

 

Psychopathy Is Not A Psychiatric Diagnosis

Though the term psychopath is often thrown around in criminal justice settings and hypothesizing media, psychopathy is not a recognized psychiatric or psychological disorder. Psychopathy as a term has been inconsistently used in the medical community for years, but is now recognized as either a subcategory or extension of antisocial personality disorder. Critics have argued both for and against the idea that antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy are synonymous, but there has yet to be a concrete decision on the issue. The hallmarks of what’s typically seen as a psychopath include a lack of empathy and feeling for others, selfishness, lack of guilt, and a superficial charm that manifests exclusively to manipulate others.

Psychopathy Is Dimensional In Nature

Psychopathy, contrary to popular belief, does not occur in a binary way. It’s tempting to see psychopathy as black and white, but research has suggested that the condition occurs on a spectrum, not unlike autism. Therefore it’s possible to have minor psychopathic tendencies, or even more moderate or severe characteristics. Some psychopaths may possess certain characteristics of the condition, but not all, and even among severe psychopaths, some manifestations of the “disorder” may be missing. Since psychopathy isn’t a recognizable disorder, there is no brain imaging or biological test that can inarguably identify a person as a psychopath.

 

The most commonly used device for identifying psychopaths is the psychopathy checklist-revised ( PCL-R), a 20-item inventory of personality traits and recorded behaviors. Developed by Robert D. Hare in the 1970s, the checklist is administered in a semi-structured interview format, and operates on a point system based on whether a behavior (pathological lying, for example) can be reasonably matched to the subject. The subject is assigned a score between 0 and 40, with 40 being the maximum psychopathy and 0 the minimum. The cutoff for being labeled as a psychopath is 30 in the United States and 25 in the UK.

Psychopaths and Sociopaths Aren’t The Same

Some media outlets or older educational materials may refer to psychopathy and sociopathy interchangeably, but the most recent research says this isn’t accurate. Though both conditions are associated with a poor sense of “right and wrong” and a lack of empathy, there are a few key differences between them. According to Dr. L. Michael Tompkins, a psychologist at the Sacramento County Mental Health Treatment Center, the difference lies in having a conscience. A psychopath simply doesn’t have one, he told WebMD. They will steal from you without feeling a twinge of guilt — though they may pretend to if they’re caught, so they aren’t “found out.” A sociopath, on the other hand, will understand that taking your money is wrong and may feel remorse, but it won’t be enough to stop their deviant behavior. A psychopath has less regard for others than a sociopath.

 

Another difference between the two lies in the psychopath’s incredible ability to blend in. They can come off as charming, intelligent, and may even mimic emotions they really don’t feel. “They’re skilled actors whose sole mission is to manipulate people for personal gain,” Tompkins said. Sociopaths are more likely to come off as “hot-headed,” and may act more impulsively, demonstrating to others their lack of normal empathy.

Psychopaths Aren’t Always Violent…

In the entertainment industry, the word psychopath is pretty much synonymous with murderous madman. Just about all characters described as psychopaths in movies and television are serial killers — Hannibal Lecter from The Silence of the Lambs and Dexter Morgan from Dexter, for example. But in real life, psychopathic tendencies don’t necessarily mean a person is destined to lead a life of despicable crime.

The most important characteristics of a psychopath revolve not around violence, but around lack of empathy, selfishness, and manipulation. True, some psychopaths may use these traits to commit crimes, but others rely on their manipulative nature and ability to charm for other things. Many psychopaths actually find great success in the business world thanks to their ruthless nature — a disproportionate number of CEOs are actually psychopaths. Some other popular career paths for psychopaths include law, media, and being salespeople.

…But They Are Overrepresented In Prison

Not all psychopaths are violent, but many violent people might be psychopaths. It’s not accurate to assume a person with psychopathic tendencies is going to end up a criminal, but we can’t ignore the fact that researchers say there is an abnormally high number of psychopaths in prison. Some studies suggest between 50 and 80 percent of prisoners meet criteria for antisocial personality disorder, and 15 percent of prisoners can be expected to be psychopathic. Compared to the 1 to 5 percent expected in the general population, this is a clear association.

 

There isn’t much available research on serial killers and mass murderers specifically, but it would be a reasonable assumption that psychopaths are quite overrepresented in those populations as well. Not because being a psychopath is inherently violent, but because a psychopath’s personality makes it easy to act on violent urges or ideas that empathy, guilt, or fear would stomp out in a normal person.

Female And Male Psychopaths May Be Very Different

Research has told us for many years that psychopaths studied in prison are usually male. Scientists and psychologists have suggested many reasons for this, ranging from the biological to the simple idea that women can get away with crimes more than men because society is less likely to expect psychopathic behavior among them.

Though studies have concluded that the few female psychopaths available for study are just as dangerous as their male counterparts, the way their condition manifests may vary. For example, women are more likely to express their psychopathy through behaviors that are often mistaken for other mental illnesses — another clue as to why there are relatively few identified female psychopaths.

 

The Amygdala May Play A Significant Role In Psychopathic Tendencies

Though it’s difficult to research psychopathy simply because of its murky diagnosis, certain brain structures have been identified as key players in the processing of emotion and empathy — the lack of which is centrally important to psychopathy. Frontal brain regions have been suggested as relevant in psychopathy, particularly the amygdala. Associated with emotional reactions, decision-making, and fear, the amygdala has been identified in several studies as having reduced integrity or function in those scoring highly on the PCL-R. In one of these studies, people with severe antisocial personality disorder showed a distinct thinning of the cortex and deformations in the amygdala.

Author: Ali Venosa
Source: yahoo.com

Categorized in Others

Google, now a part of parent Alphabet, is one of the most impressive companies to be born in the last two decades.

The domain was registered in 1997 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, and the company was incorporated in 1998. The “Google Guys” worked out of a garage in Menlo Park, California, with a simple but ambitious mission: to organize the seemingly unlimited amounts of information scattered throughout the web.

It’s almost twenty years later, and we now know that Google’s monetization of search has changed the world. The company basically mints cash for investors each quarter, and this gives Alphabet the leeway from Wall Street to take an unprecedented amount of moonshots to find its next cash cow.

 

And while the vast majority of people are aware of Google’s success, there are also some things that are less widely known about the company and its history.

55 FACTS YOU MAY NOT KNOW ABOUT GOOGLE

The following infographic from BargainFox shares 55 facts on Google, including some that you may not have heard before.

55 Facts You May Not Know About Google

While many have heard that Google was started in a garage (like various other billion dollar tech companies), it is less clear that the garage was owned by Susan Wojcicki, who is now the CEO of Youtube.

Likewise, it is widely known that the name Google was based off of the number “googol”, which is represented by numeral one and then followed by some 100 zeros. However, many people don’t realize that this number is symbolic: it represents the almost infinite amount of individual web pages on the internet, which Google aims to organize.

Lastly, while most advertisers are aware that some search terms are likely to cost more on Google, many do not know the crazy world of ultra-specific legal keywords. Terms like “San Antonio car wreck attorney” and “West Palm Beach criminal lawyer” are the most expensive search phrases to sponsor on Google.

By recent accounts, the most expensive search term these days is “best mesothelioma lawyers” which costs $194.40 per individual click. Law firms are willing to pay for leads, because mesothelioma is a very rare form of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos. Victims suffering from the disease are entitled to receive $1.1 million in compensation from the government within 30 days of their claim’s approval, and as a result, the cases can be very lucrative for lawyers.

Author : JEFF DESJARDINS

Source : visualcapitalist.com

Categorized in Search Engine
1. The term “surfing” the internet was coined in 1992 by an upstate New York librarian Jean Armour Polly, aka “Net Mom.”
2. The most played song on Spotify is “Wake Me Up” by Avicii.
3. The first tweet was sent on March 21, 2006 by Jack Dorsey:
 

4. Mark Zuckerberg’s original Facebook profile number ID is 4.
5. The first YouTube video was uploaded April 23, 2005. It’s called “Me at the zoo,” and features Jawed Karim, one of the founders, at the San Diego Zoo.

 

6. A single Google query uses 1,000 computers in 0.2 seconds to retrieve an answer.
7. The original Space Jam website is still live.
8. So is the You’ve Got Mail site.
9. 16% to 20% of the searches Geoogle gets each day have never been Googled before.
10. Chinese social network Sina Weibo has 280.8 million users.
11. Twitter has 250 million users.
12. 500 milion tweets are sent ever day.
13. Tila Tequila had 1.5 million friends on Myspace.
14. The inventor of the modern world wide web, Tim Berners-Lee, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
15. Mr. Berners-Lee uploaded the first image to the internet. It is of a joke band of women from the nuclear research lab CERN.
16. The first website is still online.
17. The most commonly searched question beginning with “What is” in 2013 was “What is twerking?
18. The most expensive keyword for Google AdWords is “insurance.”
19. The GIF format was invented by Steve Wilke, an engineer at Compuserve in 1987.
20. Mr. Wilhite maintains the correct pronunciation of the term is “jiff.”
21. He is clearly wrong.

 

25. Today, the Internet is 8,354 days old. Check HowOldIsTheInter.net to keep up to date.
26. “Gangnam Style” by Psy is still the most viewed YouTube video of all time. It’s been viewed over two billion times.
27. The first email was sent in 1971 by Ray Tomlinson to himself. He doesn’t remember what it said.
28. The first spam email was sent in 1978 over ARPNET by a guy named Gary Thuerk. He was selling computers.
29. The first registered domain was symbolics.com.
30. The world record for the fastest time to log into a Gmail account is 1.16 seconds.
31. The world record for fastest texter is held by a Brazilian teenager.
32. This is what Google looked like in 2004:
33. 2.58 million people still pay for AOL.
34. It cost AOL over $300 million to mail all those CD-Roms back in the day.
35. At one point, AOL accounted for about 50% of all CD-Rom discs being made.
36. It took only 5 years for the internet to reach a market audience of 50 million users.
37. This is what Facebook looked like in 2004:
38. There were over 7 million Geocities sites before it was shut down in 2009.
39. Angelfire is still up.40. Mark Zuckerberg had a pretty sweet Angelfire page.
41. One million babies have been born from people who met on Match.com.
42. Online daters spend an average of $2
43. per year on online dating.
44. 33% of female online daters have had sex on the first online date.
45. 10% of sex offenders use online dating.
46. The Amazon logo is indicating you can get everything from A to Z (look at the arrow):
47. Before the world wide web (the modern internet invented in 1989, people traded ASCII porn on the internet during the ’70s and ’80s.
48. We now spend more time browsing the web on mobile devices than desktop computers.
 

 

49. There is a subreddit devoted to chicken nuggets that look like other things.
50. This is the NeXT computer that Tim Berners-Lee used to create the World Wide Web:
Source:  buzzfeed.com
Categorized in Science & Tech

(CNN)Here's a look at the life of Hillary Clinton, 2016 Democratic nominee for President. Clinton is the first woman in American history to be nominated by a major party, and is also the former secretary of state.

Personal:
Birth date: October 26, 1947
Birth place: Chicago, Illinois
Birth name: Hillary Diane Rodham
Father: Hugh Rodham, a businessman
Mother: Dorothy (Howell) Rodham
Marriage: Bill Clinton (October 11, 1975-present)
Children: Chelsea
Education: Wellesley College, B.A., 1969; Yale University Law School, J.D., 1973
Religion: Methodist
Other Facts:Hillary and Bill Clinton met in the Yale Law Library in the early 1970s.
The first former First Lady to be elected to the U.S. Senate and to hold a federal cabinet-level position.
Timeline:
1964 - Works on the presidential campaign of Republican candidate Barry Goldwater.
1968 - Switches to the Democratic Party and campaigns for Eugene McCarthy.
1970 - Works as a summer intern for civil rights lawyer Marian Wright Edelman.
1973-1974 - Works as an attorney for the Children's Defense Fund.
January 1974 - Begins working for John Doar, the special counsel to the House Judiciary Committee, who is in charge of the inquiry in to the possible impeachment of President Richard Nixon.
August 1974 - Moves to Arkansas to teach at the University of Arkansas School of Law.
1974-1977 - Director of Legal Aid Clinic at the University of Arkansas School of Law.
1974-1977 and 1979-1980 - Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Arkansas School of Law.
1976-1992 - Attorney at Rose Law Firm, Little Rock, Arkansas. Is named partner in 1979.
1978 - President Jimmy Carter appoints Clinton to the board of directors of the Legal Services Corp., an organization that provides federal funds to legal-aid bureaus throughout the United States.
1978 - Bill Clinton is elected governor of Arkansas. Hillary Clinton continues to work at Rose Law Firm, making her the first First Lady of Arkansas to continue working while her husband is governor.
1979 - Governor Clinton appoints her chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee, whose members deal with the issue of providing health care in isolated areas.
1979 - The Whitewater Development Corp. is formed by the Clintons and James and Susan McDougal.
1980 - Governor Clinton loses the 1980 gubernatorial election. He returns to office in 1982, and is re-elected in 1984, 1986, and 1990.
1983 - Governor Clinton appoints his wife to head the Arkansas Education Standards Committee.
1988 and 1991 - Hillary Clinton is named one of the 100 most influential U.S. lawyers by the National Law Journal.
1992 - Bill Clinton is elected president.
January 1993 - The president names Clinton to lead the Task Force on National Health Care Reform.
September 28, 1993 - Testifies before the House Ways and Means Committee in support of President Clinton's health care package. The health care reform bill is later defeated by Congress.
February 6, 2000 - Announces her candidacy for the U.S. Senate.
May 16, 2000 Accepts the nomination of the New York State Democratic Party for the U.S. Senate.
September 20, 2000 - Independent counsel Robert Ray announces that the evidence found in the Whitewater case is insufficient to prove that the Clintons knowingly participated in any criminal conduct.
November 7, 2000 - Is elected to the U.S. Senate with 56% of the vote.
February 13, 2001 - Makes her first address on the floor of the Senate.
June 9, 2003 - Releases her memoir, "Living History." The book sells over 200,000 copies on its first day of release.
November 7, 2006 - Clinton is re-elected for a second term.
January 20, 2007 - Announces she is creating an exploratory committee for the 2008 presidential race.
January 8, 2008 - Wins the New Hampshire Democratic primary with 39% of the vote.
June 7, 2008 - Suspends her presidential campaign and endorses Barack Obama.
August 27, 2008 - Clinton is formally nominated as a candidate for president at the Democratic National Convention in Denver. She receives 341 votes before interrupting the roll call to ask that Obama be nominated by acclamation.
January 21, 2009 - Is confirmed as secretary of state.
October 15, 2012 - During an interview with CNN, Clinton takes responsibility for the attack on the U.S.
consulate in Benghazi, Libya. She claims as head of the State Department the security of more than 60,000 people in 275 posts is her responsibility.
December 15, 2012 - Sustains a concussion after becoming dehydrated and fainting.
December 30, 2012 - Is hospitalized after doctors discover a blood clot during a follow-up exam related to the concussion. Doctors announce on December 31st that the clot is located in between Clinton's brain and skull, but they are confident she will make a full recovery.
January 2, 2013 - Is released from the hospital.
January 23, 2013 - Secretary Clinton testifies for more than five hours before the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
February 1, 2013 - Resigns as secretary of state.
March 18, 2013 - Clinton announces that she supports marriage rights for same-sex couples. In the 2008 presidential primaries she supported civil unions and partner benefits, but not same-sex marriage.
March 2, 2015The New York Times reports that Clinton exclusively used a personal email account during her time as secretary of state. The account, fed through its own server, raises security and preservation concerns. The House committee investigating the attack on the U.S. consulate in Libya discovered the personal account when the Department of State -- through Clinton -- provided those emails to the committee.
March 10, 2015During a press conference, Clinton says she used a private domain for her official work during her time at the State Department out of "convenience," but admits in retrospect "it would have been better" to use multiple emails.
April 12, 2015Clinton officially announces a second bid for the White House. The initial word comes in an email to supporters from John Podesta, a longtime Clinton ally, then a video launched on YouTube and a newly minted Facebook page. Shortly after declaring her candidacy for president, she resigns from the Bill, Hillary, and Chelsea Clinton Foundation's board of directors, according to foundation officials.
August 11, 2015 - Clinton's spokesman announces that she will turn over her private email server and a flash drive to Justice Department officials, as an ongoing probe into the handling of classified information continues. Inspector general, I. Charles McCullough, III notifies Congress that two of Clinton's emails contained top secret materials.
October 22, 2015 - Clinton testifies for 11 hours before the congressional panel investigating the attacks on a U.S. mission in Benghazi, Libya that led to the deaths of four Americans.
May 25, 2016 - A State Department Inspector General report states that former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton failed to follow the rules or inform key department staff regarding her use of a private email server, according to a copy of the report obtained by CNN.
June 6, 2016According to CNN's delegate and superdelegate count, Clinton has clinched the Democratic presidential nomination and will become the first woman in the history of the United States to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party.
July 26, 2016 - Officially becomes the Democratic Party nominee for President.
 
 
Hillary Clinton accepts the Democratic Party's nomination for President during the Democratic National Convention on Thursday, July 28. The former first lady, U.S. senator and secretary of state is the first woman to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party.
 
Photos: Hillary Clinton's life in the spotlight
Hillary Clinton accepts the Democratic Party's nomination for President during the Democratic National Convention on Thursday, July 28. The former first lady, U.S. senator and secretary of state is the first woman to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party.
Source : cnn
 

(CNN)Here's a look at the life of Hillary Clinton, 2016 Democratic nominee for President. Clinton is the first woman in American history to be nominated by a major party, and is also the former secretary of state.

Personal:
Birth date:
 October 26, 1947
Birth place: Chicago, Illinois
Birth name: Hillary Diane Rodham
    Father: Hugh Rodham, a businessman
    Mother: Dorothy (Howell) Rodham
    Marriage: Bill Clinton (October 11, 1975-present)
    Children: Chelsea
    Education: Wellesley College, B.A., 1969; Yale University Law School, J.D., 1973
    Religion: Methodist
    Other Facts:
    Hillary and Bill Clinton met in the Yale Law Library in the early 1970s.
    The first former First Lady to be elected to the U.S. Senate and to hold a federal cabinet-level position.
    Timeline:
    1964 - 
    Works on the presidential campaign of Republican candidate Barry Goldwater.
    1968 Switches to the Democratic Party and campaigns for Eugene McCarthy.
    1970 - Works as a summer intern for civil rights lawyer Marian Wright Edelman.
    1973-1974 - Works as an attorney for the Children's Defense Fund.
    January 1974 - Begins working for John Doar, the special counsel to the House Judiciary Committee, who is in charge of the inquiry in to the possible impeachment of President Richard Nixon.
    August 1974 - Moves to Arkansas to teach at the University of Arkansas School of Law.
    1974-1977 - Director of Legal Aid Clinic at the University of Arkansas School of Law.
    1974-1977 and 1979-1980 - Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Arkansas School of Law.
    1976-1992 - Attorney at Rose Law Firm, Little Rock, Arkansas. Is named partner in 1979.
    1978 - President Jimmy Carter appoints Clinton to the board of directors of the Legal Services Corp., an organization that provides federal funds to legal-aid bureaus throughout the United States.
    1978 - Bill Clinton is elected governor of Arkansas. Hillary Clinton continues to work at Rose Law Firm, making her the first First Lady of Arkansas to continue working while her husband is governor.
    1979 - Governor Clinton appoints her chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee, whose members deal with the issue of providing health care in isolated areas.
    1979 - The Whitewater Development Corp. is formed by the Clintons and James and Susan McDougal.
    1980 Governor Clinton loses the 1980 gubernatorial election. He returns to office in 1982, and is re-elected in 1984, 1986, and 1990.
    1983 - Governor Clinton appoints his wife to head the Arkansas Education Standards Committee.
    1988 and 1991 - Hillary Clinton is named one of the 100 most influential U.S. lawyers by the National Law Journal.
    1992 - Bill Clinton is elected president.
    January 1993 - The president names Clinton to lead the Task Force on National Health Care Reform.
    September 28, 1993 - Testifies before the House Ways and Means Committee in support of President Clinton's health care package. The health care reform bill is later defeated by Congress.
    February 6, 2000 - Announces her candidacy for the U.S. Senate.
    May 16, 2000 - Accepts the nomination of the New York State Democratic Party for the U.S. Senate.
    September 20, 2000 - Independent counsel Robert Ray announces that the evidence found in the Whitewater case is insufficient to prove that the Clintons knowingly participated in any criminal conduct.
    November 7, 2000 - Is elected to the U.S. Senate with 56% of the vote.
    February 13, 2001 - Makes her first address on the floor of the Senate.
    June 9, 2003 - Releases her memoir, "Living History." The book sells over 200,000 copies on its first day of release.
    November 7, 2006 - Clinton is re-elected for a second term.
    January 20, 2007 - Announces she is creating an exploratory committee for the 2008 presidential race.
    January 8, 2008 - Wins the New Hampshire Democratic primary with 39% of the vote.
    June 7, 2008 - Suspends her presidential campaign and endorses Barack Obama.
    August 27, 2008 - Clinton is formally nominated as a candidate for president at the Democratic National Convention in Denver. She receives 341 votes before interrupting the roll call to ask that Obama be nominated by acclamation.
    January 21, 2009 - Is confirmed as secretary of state.
    October 15, 2012 - During an interview with CNN, Clinton takes responsibility for the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya. She claims as head of the State Department the security of more than 60,000 people in 275 posts is her responsibility.
    December 15, 2012 - Sustains a concussion after becoming dehydrated and fainting.
    December 30, 2012 - Is hospitalized after doctors discover a blood clot during a follow-up exam related to the concussion. Doctors announce on December 31st that the clot is located in between Clinton's brain and skull, but they are confident she will make a full recovery.
    January 2, 2013 - Is released from the hospital.
    January 23, 2013 - Secretary Clinton testifies for more than five hours before the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
    February 1, 2013 - Resigns as secretary of state.
    March 18, 2013 - Clinton announces that she supports marriage rights for same-sex couples. In the 2008 presidential primaries she supported civil unions and partner benefits, but not same-sex marriage.
    March 2, 2015 - The New York Times reports that Clinton exclusively used a personal email account during her time as secretary of state. The account, fed through its own server, raises security and preservation concerns. The House committee investigating the attack on the U.S. consulate in Libya discovered the personal account when the Department of State -- through Clinton -- provided those emails to the committee.
    March 10, 2015 - During a press conference, Clinton says she used a private domain for her official work during her time at the State Department out of "convenience," but admits in retrospect "it would have been better" to use multiple emails.
    April 12, 2015 - Clinton officially announces a second bid for the White House. The initial word comes in an email to supporters from John Podesta, a longtime Clinton ally, then a video launched on YouTube and a newly minted Facebook page. Shortly after declaring her candidacy for president, she resigns from the Bill, Hillary, and Chelsea Clinton Foundation's board of directors, according to foundation officials.
    August 11, 2015 - Clinton's spokesman announces that she will turn over her private email server and a flash drive to Justice Department officials, as an ongoing probe into the handling of classified information continues. Inspector general, I. Charles McCullough, III notifies Congress that two of Clinton's emails contained top secret materials.
    October 22, 2015 - Clinton testifies for 11 hours before the congressional panel investigating the attacks on a U.S. mission in Benghazi, Libya that led to the deaths of four Americans.
    May 25, 2016 - A State Department Inspector General report states that former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton failed to follow the rules or inform key department staff regarding her use of a private email server, according to a copy of the report obtained by CNN.
    June 6, 2016 - According to CNN's delegate and superdelegate count, Clinton has clinched the Democratic presidential nomination and will become the first woman in the history of the United States to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party.
    July 26, 2016 - Officially becomes the Democratic Party nominee for President.
    Categorized in News & Politics

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