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These and many other insights are from Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series study. The study defines IoT as the network of physical objects, or "things," embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and connectivity to enable objects to collect and exchange data. The study examines key related technologies such as location intelligence, end-user data preparation, cloud computing, advanced and predictive analytics, and big data analytics. Please see page 11 of the study for details regarding the methodology. For an excellent overview of Internet of Things (IoT) predictions for 2018, please see Gil Press' post, 10 Predictions For The Internet Of Things (IoT) In 2018.

 

"Although still early days for IoT, we see this as a defining topic for the industry. IoT Intelligence, the means to understand and leverage IoT data, will likewise grow in importance and will elevate key technologies such as location intelligence, advanced and predictive analytics, and big data," said Howard Dresner, founder and chief research officer at Dresner Advisory Services.

 Related...

Key takeaways from the study include the following:

  • Business Intelligence Competency Centers (BICC), R&D, Marketing & Sales and Strategic Planning are most likely to see the importance of IoT.Finance is considered among the least likely departments to see the importance of IoT. The study also found that sales analytics apps are increasingly relying on IoT technologies as foundational components of their core application platforms.
Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
  • Manufacturing, Consulting, Business Services and Distribution/Logistics are IoT industry adoption leaders. Conversely, Federal Government, State & Local Government are least likely to prioritize IoT initiatives as very important or critical. IoT early adopters are most often defining goals with clear revenue and competitive advantages to drive initiatives. Manufacturing, Consulting, Business Services and Distribution/Logistics are challenging, competitive industries where revenue growth is often tough to achieve. IoT initiatives that deliver revenue and competitive strength quickly are the most likely to get funding and support.
Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
  • IoT advocates or early adopters say location intelligence, streaming data analysis, and cognitive BI to deliver the greatest business benefit.Conversely, IoT early adopters aren’t expecting to see as significant of benefits from data warehousing as they are from other technologies. Consistent with previous studies, both the broader respondent base and IoT early adopters place a high priority on reporting and dashboards. IoT early adopters also see the greater importance of visualization and end-user self-service.

Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
  • Business Intelligence Competency Centers (BICC), Manufacturing and Supply Chain are among the most powerful catalysts of BI and IoT adoption in the enterprise. The greater the level of BI adoption across the 12 functional drivers of BI adoption defined in the graphic below, the greater the potential for IoT to deliver differentiated value based on unique needs by area. Marketing, Sales and Strategic Planning are also strong driver areas among IoT advocates or early adopters.
Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
  • IoT early adopters are relying on growing revenue and increasing competitive advantage as the two main goals to drive IoT initiatives’ success. The most successful IoT advocates or early adopters evangelize the many benefits of IoT initiatives from a revenue growth position first. IoT early adopters are more likely to see and promote the value of better decision-making, improved operational efficiencies, increased competitive advantage, growth in revenues, and enhanced customer service when BI adoption excels, setting the foundation for IoT initiatives to succeed.

 

Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
  • The most popular feature requirements for advanced and predictive analytics applications include regression models, textbook statistical functions, and hierarchical clustering. More than 90% of respondents replied that these three leading features are “somewhat important” to their daily use of analytics. Geospatial analysis (highly associated with mapping, populations, demographics, and other Web-generated data), recommendation engines, Bayesian methods, and automatic feature selection is the next most required series of features.
Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
  • 74% of IoT advocates or early adopters say location intelligence is critical or very important. Conversely, only 26% of the overall sample ranks location intelligence at the same level of importance. One of the most promising use cases for IoT-based location intelligence is its potential to streamline traceability and supply chain compliance workflows in highly regulated manufacturing industries. In 2018, expect to see ERP and Supply Chain Management (SCM) software vendors launch new applications that capitalize on IoT location intelligence to streamline traceability and supply chain compliance on a global scale.
Dresner Advisory Services’ 2017 Edition IoT Intelligence Wisdom of Crowds Series Study
Source: This article was published forbes.com By Louis Columbus
Categorized in Internet of Things

Billionaire Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates knows that intelligence isn't one-size-fits-all.

Gates built his career on strong logic and mathematical skills, establishing himself as a brilliant coder with a knack for solving technical problems. But he admits he lacked other strengths, such as strong interpersonal skills.

In a series of posts on Twitter, Gates shares the things he wishes he knew when he was just starting out in his career.

"Looking back on when I left college, there are some things I wish I had known," Gates writes.

 

"Intelligence takes many different forms," Gates says. "It is not one-dimensional. And not as important as I used to think."

bill-gates-tweet

In the 1980s, psychologist Howard Gardener identified nine types of intelligence. Funders and Founders designer Mark Vital highlighted what each type of intelligence can offer in this infographic.

 

  • Spatial: Visualizing the world in 3D
  • Naturalist: Understanding living things and reading nature
  • Musical: Discerning sounds, their pitch, tone, rhythm and timbre
  • Logical-Mathematical: Quantifying things, making hypotheses and proving them
  • Existential: Tackling the questions of why we live and why we die
  • Interpersonal: Sensing people's feelings and motives
  • Bodily-Kinesthetic: Coordinating your mind with your body
  • Linguistic: Finding the right words to express what you mean
  • Intra-personal: Understanding yourself, what you feel and what you want

 

There are multiple benefits to embracing your own type or types of intelligence. For starters, you can stop comparing yourself to others, and find your best work environment. You're also more aware of what skills you may need to develop.

Gates ended his string of thoughts on a resoundingly hopeful note: "This is an amazing time to be alive. I hope you make the most of it."

bill-gates-tweet1

Source: This article was published on cnbc.com

Categorized in Others

Emotionally intelligent people can connect with others and put themselves in their shoes.

Emotional intelligence can mean the difference between behaving in a socially acceptable way and being considered to be way out of line.

While most people will have heard of emotional intelligence, not many people really know how to spot it – in themselves or in others.

Emotional intelligence is essentially the way you perceive, understand, express, and manage emotions.

And it's important because the more you understand these aspects of yourself, the better your mental health and social behavior will be.

It might be these are things you do without even really thinking – which can be the case for a lot of people. Or it might be that these are skills you know you need to work on.

 

Either way, improved emotional intelligence can be very useful in all sorts of circumstances – be it in work, at home, in school, or even when you're just socializing with your friends.

So if you want to know if you're emotionally intelligent, simply check the list below.

1. You think about your reactions

Emotional intelligence can mean the difference between a good reaction and a bad reaction to circumstances. Emotions can contain important information that can be useful to personal and social functioning – but sometimes these emotions can also overwhelm us, and make us act in ways we would rather not.

People who lack emotional intelligence are more likely to just react, without giving themselves the time to weigh up the pros and cons of a situation and really thinking things through.

People who are less able to regulate their negative feelings are also more likely to have difficulty functioning socially – which can exacerbate depressive feelings.

People with major depression have been shown to have difficulties understanding and managing their emotions. And research has also shown that more depressive symptoms are present in people with lower emotional intelligence – even if they are not clinically depressed.

2. You see situations as a challenge

If you are able to recognize negative emotions in yourself and see difficult situations as a challenge – focusing on the positives and persevering – chances are that you've got high emotional intelligence.

Imagine for a moment you lost your job. An emotionally intelligent person might perceive their emotions as cues to take action, both to deal with the challenges and to control their thoughts and feelings.

 

But someone with poor emotional skills might ruminate on their job loss, come to think of themselves as hopelessly unemployable, and spiral into depression.

3. You can modify your emotions

Of course, there are times when your feelings can get the better of you, but if you are an emotionally intelligent person, it is likely that when this happens you have the skills needed to modify your emotions.

For example, while average levels of anxiety can improve cognitive performance – probably by increasing focus and motivation – too much anxiety can block cognitive achievement.

So knowing how to find the sweet spot, between too much and too little anxiety, can be a useful tool.

It is clear that moderation is the key when it comes to managing our emotions. Emotionally intelligent people know this and have the skills to modify their emotions appropriately.

And this is probably why emotional intelligence has been shown to be related to lower levels of anxiety.

4. You can put yourself in other people's shoes

If you are able to extend these skills beyond your own personal functioning, then that's another sign that you have high levels of emotional intelligence.

Emotional intelligence can be particularly important in workplaces that require heavy "emotional labor" – where workers must manage their emotions according to organizational rules.

This can include customer service jobs, where workers may need to sympathize with customers – despite the fact that customers may be yelling at them.

This is why workplace emotional intelligence training is now common – with the most effective training focusing on management and expression of emotions, which are directly linked to communication and job performance.

It's also worth pointing out that emotional intelligence is a cognitive ability that can improve across your lifespan. So if you haven't recognized much of yourself in the traits listed above, fear not, there's still time for you to work on your emotional intelligence.

Source : yahoo.com

Categorized in Others

Edward Boyden is a Hertz Foundation Fellow and recipient of the prestigious Hertz Foundation Grant for graduate study in the applications of the physical, biological and engineering sciences. A professor of Biological Engineering and Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT, Edward Boyden explains how humanity is only at its infancy in merging with machines. His work is leading him towards the development of a "brain co-processor", a device that interacts intimately with the brain to upload and download information to and from it, augmenting human capabilities in memory storage, decision making, and cognition. The first step, however, is understanding the brain on a much deeper level. With the support of the Fannie and John Hertz Foundation, Ed Boyden pursued a PhD in neurosciences from Stanford University.

 

The Hertz Foundation mission is to provide unique financial and fellowship support to the nation's most remarkable PhD students in the hard sciences. Hertz Fellowships are among the most prestigious in the world, and the foundation has invested over $200 million in Hertz Fellows since 1963 (present value) and supported over 1,100 brilliant and creative young scientists, who have gone on to become Nobel laureates, high-ranking military personnel, astronauts, inventors, Silicon Valley leaders, and tenured university professors. For more information, visit hertzfoundation.org.

Author : Edward Boyden

Source : bigthink.com

Categorized in Science & Tech

Conventional intelligence, scored as intelligence quotient (IQ), is indicative of cognitive reasoning ability. The countless tests and exams we take through school and college are supposed to give a measure of how smart we are. And while they do this to a certain extent, high academic grades are not the sole measure of success.

Of course, a correlation between academic prowess and career success can easily be established in fields of work that require rational thinking; successful doctors, engineers, and scientists typically do have high IQs. But a high IQ alone is no guarantee of success in a career that involves interacting with others, which is the case for nearly every profession in existence.

Emotional intelligence, scored as emotional quotient (EQ), is touted to be a more accurate indicator of whether a person will go on to be a successful working professional. Here we look at why this is the case.

As mentioned earlier, nearly every profession involves human interaction. Of course, a few exceptions can be made: authors and scientists who work in solitude are freed from the need to master the art of interaction. But, for most of us, interacting with others is a daily ritual. Therein lies the importance of emotional intelligence (EI).

EI is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as “the capacity to be aware of, control and express one’s emotions, and to handle interpersonal relationships judiciously and empathetically.” Daniel Goleman, a renowned psychologist and the author of several books on EI, explains the five pillars of emotional intelligence and why they correspond to a successful career:

 

Self-awareness

A self-aware person is in control of his or her emotions. Such people can identify shifts in emotion within themselves as well as the triggers, both internal and external, that cause them; criticism from a boss or a personal problem can induce varying emotions which affect our reasoning ability. Persons with high EQs can view such occurrences from a rational standpoint, un-distorted by emotional turmoil, which results in an improved reasoning ability.

Self-regulation

Keeping one's emotions in check is vital at a workplace. Every person has to deal with a multitude of emotions on a regular basis and it's essential that they do not dictate your behaviour. The ability to act logically, while resisting impulsive behaviour, is a highly-valued trait for working professionals.

Motivation

People with a high EQ are self-motivated. They aren't driven by money or job titles though; they weigh the emotional rewards of each action and are fuelled by an inner ambition that is surprisingly resilient to disappointment and failure. Employers have always faced the challenge of motivating their employees and hence, those who don't need to be motivated are highly valuable in the workplace.

 

Empathy

Emotionally intelligent people are not only aware of their emotions, but they can sense those of others as well. They have an uncanny ability to view situations from the other person's perspective. Arguments fuelled by anger are easily resolved by people with high EQs because they understand the other person's issue and can genuinely respond to their concerns.

People skills

Due to their mastery of emotions, emotionally intelligent people get along well with others. They find it easier to build rapport and trust with their colleagues. They also steer clear of office politics — things like backstabbing, bad-mouthing, and undermining others — for which they are quick to gain respect and credibility.

In his book Emotional Intelligence, Goleman demarcates the difference between IQ and EQ in the context of career success:

“IQ can show whether you have the cognitive capacity to handle the information and complexities you face in a particular field. But once you are in that field, emotional intelligence emerges as a much stronger predictor of who will be most successful, because it is how we handle ourselves in our relationships that determines how well we do once we are in a given job.”

His reasoning is certainly accurate; scholastic test scores can only get you into a company, but they cease to matter once you begin working there. Traits like being a team-player and a motivated worker are far more important if you want to succeed in a career. Employers won't hesitate to remove an egocentric and conceited intelligent person from their company. On the other hand, a person who can get along well with everyone is always welcomed in an office.

Author: TARUN MITTAL
Source: https://yourstory.com/2017/03/emotional-intelligence-career-success/

 

Categorized in Others

Anonymity networks offer individuals living under restraining regimes protection from surveillance of their internet use. But citing the recently divulged vulnerabilities in the most popular of these networks - Tor - has urged computer scientists to bring forth more secure anonymity schemes.

An all-new anonymity scheme that offers strong security guarantees, but utilizes bandwidth more efficiently as compared to its predecessors is in the works.

Researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in collaboration with the the école Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne will present the new scheme during the Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium in this month.

 

During experiments, the researchers' system required only one-tenth as much time as current systems to transfer a large file between anonymous users, according to a post on MIT official website.

Albert Kwon, the first author on the new paper and a graduate student in electrical engineering and computer science said as the basic use case, the team thought of doing anonymous file-sharing where both, the receiving and the sending ends didn't each other.

This was done keeping in mind that honeypotting and other similar things - in which spies offer services via an anonymity network in a bid to entice its users - are real challenges. "But we also studied applications in microblogging," Kwon said - something like Twitter where a user can opt to anonymously broadcast his/her message to everyone.

The system designed by Kwon in collaboration with his coauthors - Bryan Ford SM '02 PhD '08, an associate professor of computer and communication sciences at the école Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, David Lazar, a graduate student in electrical engineering and computer science, Edwin Sibley Webster Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT and his adviser Srini Devadas - makes use of an array of existing cryptographic techniques, but combines them in a peculiar manner.

The internet, for a lot of people can seem like a frightening and intimidating place and all they seek is help feeling safer on the internet, especially while performing an array of tasks such as making an online purchase, Anonhq reported.

 

Shell game

 A series of servers known as a 'mixnet,' is the core f the system. Just before passing a received message on to the next server, each server rearranges the order in which it receives messages - for instance - messages from Tom, Bob and Rob reach the first server in the order A, B, C, that server would then forward them to the second server in a completely different order, something like C, B, A. The second server would do the same before sending them to the third and so on.

Even if an attacker somehow manages to track the messages' point of origin, he/she will not be able to decipher which was which by the time they moved out of the last server. The new system is called 'Riffle' citing this reshuffling of the messages.

Public proof

In a bid to curb messages tampering, Riffle makes use of a technique dubbed a verifiable shuffle.

Thanks to the onion encryption, the messages forwarded by each server does not resemble the ones it receives, it has peeled off a layer of encryption. However, the encryption can be done in a way that allows the server to generate mathematical evidence that the messages it sends are indeed credible manipulations of the ones it receives.

In order to verify the proof, it has to be checked against copies of messages received by the server. Basically, with Riffle, users send their primary messages to all the servers in the mixnet at the same time. Servers then independently check for manipulation.

As long as one server in the mixnet continues to be uncompromised by an attacker, Riffle is cryptographically secure.

Author : Vinay Patel

Source : http://www.universityherald.com/articles/34093/20160712/mit-massachusetts-institute-of-technology-researchschool-of-engineering-computer-science-and-artificial-intelligence-laboratory-csail-computer-science-and-technology-cyber-security.htm

Categorized in Online Research

Sundar Pichai says that google are making a big bet on machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning can make huge difference to everyday life and Google is investing in bringing these to "as many people and as fast as possible", its India-born chief Sundar Pichai on Thursday said.

"We are making a big bet on machine learning and artificial intelligence. Advancement in machine learning will make a big difference in many many fields," Pichai said at his alma mater IIT Kharagpur campus on Thursday, while chatting with students.

 

He pointed out that the ability of computers to do tasks like image recognition, voice recognition or speech recognition, are reaching a tipping point.

"So, we are definitely at a point of inflexion," he said, adding that Google is investing a lot in this space and if the investments are sustained over a few years, it will pave the way for the next wave of computing.

Pointing out to a paper published by Google recently, Pichai said machine learning can be used to detect diabetic retina, which can cause blindness if treatment isn't administered on time.

"This is an early example of the kind of changes that will happen when you apply machine learning to all kinds of fields. Google alone won't do this. What I am excited about is bringing machine learning and AI (artificial intelligence) to as many people and as fast as possible," he said. Pichai said that at Google, the aim is very high and the criterion is building technology that will apply to the lives of billions of people.

 



On India, he praised that the PPP model has been working well and the company is a big supporter of the Digital India campaign.

"To really make Google work in India, you need to make it available in as many languages as possible. English is spoken by only a small segment of the population," Pichai said adding Google has progressed but wants to work more in rural conditions and in the right dialects.

To improve access to digital world, he said he would love to see cheaper smartphones hit the market.

"You really need to bring the prices of entry level smartphones down at around $30," he said adding connectivity is also extremely important.

He described India as the most dynamic internet market in the world and the second largest one.

"When we built for India, we built for the world," he said citing the YouTube offline feature which is now available across 80 nations.

In the next 3-4 years, Pichai expects there will be big software companies coming out of India.

When asked by students, he said "You can build for a global market from India."

Pichai said he is convinced that India will become a global player soon.



"I am confident that it will compete with any player in the world. It is growing well as a country and will take few more years," he said when asked to comment on whether India can take on China.

Author : Kharagpur

Source : http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/google-bets-big-on-artificial-intelligence-117010500764_1.html

Categorized in Search Engine

PALM BEACH, Fla. – President-elect Donald Trump, in the final hours of 2016, restated his doubt about the validity of U.S. intelligence analyses that the Russian government hacked various political organizations with the goal of putting him in the Oval Office.

“I just want them to be sure, because it’s a pretty serious charge, and I want them to be sure,” Trump said in a brief question-and-answer session as he prepared to enter a New Year’s Eve party at his Mar-a-Lago resort.

“And if you look at the weapons of mass destruction, that was a disaster, and they were wrong. And so I want them to be sure,” Trump said, referring to the faulty argument pushed by proponents of the 2003 Iraq invasion that dictator Saddam Hussein possessed banned weapons. “I think it’s unfair if they don’t know. And I know a lot about hacking. And hacking is a very hard thing to prove. So it could be somebody else. And I also know things that other people don’t know, and so they cannot be sure of the situation.”

Trump then stated his belief that extremely sensitive information should not be communicated via computers at all, citing the expertise of his pre-teen son.

“It’s very important, if you have something really important, write it out and have it delivered by courier, the old-fashioned way because I’ll tell you what, no computer is safe. I don’t care what they say, no computer is safe,” Trump said. “I have a boy who’s 10 years old. He can do anything with a computer. You want something to really go without detection, write it out and have it sent by courier.”

President-elect Donald Trump talks to reporters as he and his wife, Melania, arrive for a New Year’s Eve celebration with members and guests at the Mar-a-Lago Club in Palm Beach, Florida, on Dec. 31.

When asked what, specifically, he knew about alleged Russian hacking that others did not, Trump said he would reveal his insights into the controversy in due time. “You’ll find out Tuesday or Wednesday,” he said.

The Department of Homeland Security and the FBI this week released a 13-page document outlining how Russian-based hackers stole emails of Democratic officials, which were then released online and to the outlet WikiLeaks in the closing months of the campaign.

Following the release of that report, Trump announced that during the coming days he would meet with U.S. intelligence leaders to discuss Russia’s interference in the election, even though he thought it was better for the country to move on from the election.

Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton herself raised the issue of Russia’s involvement during one of the presidential debates. But Trump said it was impossible to know who actually had done the hacking, suggesting it might have been a 400-pound hacker sitting in his bed and, later, that it was someone in New Jersey.

Author: S.V. Date
Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/trump-russian-hacking_us_58686f8de4b0d9a5945bc5e9

Categorized in News & Politics

Major advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have opened the door to many new ideas that were just impossible a few years ago

When creating a new AI-based app, there are many generic problems that are already being solved by other companies, for example face and gesture detection.

Unless this is the main business and focus of the company, they will prefer to look for an out-of-the-box AI-as-a-service solution which will save them time, expertise and money.

This type of solutions are called AI platforms and give their users many out-of-the-box services, such as computer vision (feature/face and gesture detection), natural language processing (NLP), speech to text, and translations between different language.

Many companies including Google and Amazon sell this kind of AI services. During 2017, we will continue to see many improvements in those platforms mainly in the ease of use, accuracy and performance.

Businesses whose goals can’t be achieved using AI-as-a-service will create customised modules on top of those platforms or completely start from scratch to create their own image recognition algorithm.

Companies in the medical field such as Zebra medical will continue to improve their AI algorithm, which can now detect under-diagnosed medical conditions in MRI scans.

 

Other companies such as Tesla will use similar technologies to improve their fully autonomous level five self-driving vehicles.

2017 will continue to see many businesses taking advantage of existing platforms and others creating their own customised AI algorithms.

Another major trend that will grow dramatically next year is apps being built on top of existing AI-ecosystems such as Siri by Apple, Alexa by Amazon and Assistant by Google.

Joining one or more of these closed AI-ecosystems brings tremendous benefits to the business, including huge ecosystem and distribution channels.

For the developers, it instantly harnesses the great power of AI, without the need to build and understand artificial intelligence.

All this is worth a lot of money, which can be saved by taking advantage of the existing AI-ecosystems.

As an example, let’s take Amazon’s AI-ecosystem with its ‘Alexa’ brain. One of the ways to interact with Alexa is to buy Amazon Echo, a hands-free speaker that you can control with your voice.

Domino’s pizza created an app for the Echo that allows hands-free pizza ordering with voice-control. This type of AI technology combined with a strong community of third-party developers will dramatically change the way we interact with technology around the house, office or on the go.

Similar to Allo, an instant messaging app developed by Google that includes a virtual assistant which provides a ‘smart reply’ function that allows users to reply without typing, we’ll see AI services further weave into everyday interactions in a conversational manner.

 

In terms of customer service, we’re seeing bots becoming a go-to tool. These bots are built into current platforms such as Facebook to allow people to check their account, make reservations or be redirected to the right department.

By not needing to wait for a physical body, customers are able to lessen the time they need to spend finding help, without draining companies resources.

Moreover, texting a bot feels more natural than conversing with one over the phone where they may only understand simple phrases.

Beyond customer servicing, bots on Facebook have been built by news sites to keep users up to date in a conversational manner.

Quartz introduced a conversational style app that updates throughout the day while CNN has built a bot directly for Facebook messenger that can reply with news depending on the input. So if a user wishes to read news about a certain topic, they can send a text message to CNN to request it.

Author:  Ben Rossi

Source:  http://www.information-age.com/2017-hold-digital-economy-123463767

Categorized in Business Research

(NaturalNews) Having immediate access to the sum of human knowledge and experience via the internet is inimitably amazing. However, new research suggests that being able to pull up almost any information with the click of a button could be making people more stupid while simultaneously imparting a false sense of self-perceived intelligence.

A team of psychologists from Yale University evaluated more than 1,000 students who took part in a psychological experiment on the impact of searching the internet. After being asked the question "How does a zip work?", some of the students were told to click on an internet link for the answer while the rest were given a printed sheet containing the same information.

Later, the two groups were quizzed on an unrelated question: "Why are cloudy nights warmer?" Individuals in the group that searched online for the answer to the first question were found to believe themselves smarter than they actually were compared to the group that read the same information on the printed sheet.

 

Experts believe that this phenomenon occurs because searching the internet puts people's brains in a type of "search mode" where they feel more powerful and smarter than they actually are. In other words, having access to the internet makes people feel like the wealth of knowledge therein is somehow part of their own brains.

"The Internet is such a powerful environment, where you can enter any question, and you basically have access to the world's knowledge at your fingertips," stated lead researcher Matthew Fisher, a fourth-year doctoral candidate in psychology at Yale University

"It becomes easier to confuse your own knowledge with this external source. When people are truly on their own, they may be wildly inaccurate about how much they know and how dependent they are on the Internet."

Excessive smartphone use is causing widespread cognitive atrophy, study finds

Experts claim that smartphones are making the problem even worse because people increasingly rely on them for immediate access to information in lieu of using their brains. Research out of the University of Waterloo found that people who frequently use their smartphones tend to use their brains less frequently, and vice versa.

 

They found that using internet search engines to pull up information makes people cognitively lazy and diminishes their ability to solve problems using their own critical thinking skills. The results of this study indicate that intuitive thinkers, or people who tend to use their guts to make decisions, also tend to use search engines to make decisions. Analytical thinkers, on the other hand, tend to rely more on their own brainpower

"They may look up information that they actually know or could easily learn, but are unwilling to make the effort to actually think about it," stated study co-author Gordon Pennycook when discussing what smartphones and internet search engines do to people's cognitive skills.

"Decades of research has revealed that humans are eager to avoid expending effort when problem-solving and it seems likely that people will increasingly use their smartphones as an extended mind," added Nathaniel Barr, the paper's other lead author.

What is the solution? Spend less time searching the internet and wasting time on your smartphone and focus instead on actually reading and processing information the old-fashioned way.

 

"With the internet, the lines become blurry between what you know and what you think you know," added Fisher. "In cases where decisions have big consequences, it could be important for people to distinguish their own knowledge and not assume they know something when they actually don't."

Source : http://www.naturalnews.com

Auhtor : Ethan A. Huff, staff writer 

Categorized in Search Engine
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