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Source: This article was Published in cpomagazine.com By - Contributed by Member: Robert Hensonw

In an age where the Internet is simply an indispensable part of life, the use of a search engine is possibly at the foundation of the user experience. This is a world where near instantaneous access to information is not simply a ‘nice to have’ for researchers and writers, it is at the bedrock of our modern consumer society. Is the way in which we find takeout food, restaurants, household furnishings, fashion – and yes even friends and lovers. In short, without search engines, the machine that powers our modern world begins to falter.

We are increasingly reliant on search engines – but it may be instructive to understand just how much data Google is now handling. Within Google’s range of products, there are seven with at least one billion users. In its privacy policy, Alphabet (Google’s parent company) outlines its broad and far-reaching data collection. The amount of data the company stores is simply staggering. Google holds an estimated 15 exabytes of data, or the capacity of around 30 million personal computers.1

However, it is worth noting that Google is not alone in the search engine space. There are other players such as Microsoft’s Big. Yahoo Search and Baidu. All of them are mining data. However, there can only be that one ‘Gorilla in the Sandpit’ – and that is undoubtedly Google. To explore just how search engines may infringe on our rights to privacy Google gives us a yardstick to what they would characterize as ‘best practice’.

Nothing in life is free … Including search engines

Consumers are becoming increasingly aware that the old maxim of ‘nothing in life is free’ is even more applicable than when it was penned. In fact, there is an associated saying ‘if something is free you are getting exactly what you pay for.’

Herein lies the problem with the use of search engines. They offer an essential service – but that service is certainly not free of cost. That cost is a certain level of intrusion into our lives in the form of search engine companies like Google gathering data about our online habits and using that data to fine-tune marketing efforts (often by selling that data to third parties for their use).

But that is only the outcome of using a search engine. For many consumers and consumer advocate groups, the real problem lies deeper than that. It revolves around awareness and permission. Are search engine companies free to gather and use our data without explicit permission- can we opt out of such an arrangement?

The answer is both yes and no. Reading search engine company user agreements it becomes clear that we (at least historically) we have been empowering companies like Google to use the data that they gather in almost any way that they see fit. But lately, we have seen a huge effort by search engine companies to make sure that consumers are aware that they can limit the amount of data that is gathered. That was not always the case – user agreements are almost never perused with great care. Most people are not freelance attorneys and are defeated by the legalese and intricacies of most user agreements and outlines of a privacy policy.

However, the real problem is that although the gathering of data and the leveraging of that data for profit may represent a betrayal of the relationship between consumer and search engine company there is a larger issue at stake, beyond even the right to privacy – and this is data security.

Google has a far from the perfect record as regards security – but it is better than many other tech companies. However, mistakes do happen. In 2009, there was a bug in Google docs that potentially leaked 0.05% of all documents stored in the service. Taken as a percentage this does not seem like a terribly large number, but 05% of 1 billion users is still 500,000 people. Google has no room for error when it comes to data protection.

Another fact worth noting is that Google’s Chrome browser is a potential nightmare when it comes to privacy issues. All user activity within that browser can then be linked to a Google account. If Google controls your browser, your search engine, and has tracking scripts on the sites you visit (which they more often than not do, they hold the power to track you from multiple angles. That is something that is making Internet users increasingly uncomfortable.

Fair trade of service for data

It may seem that consumers should automatically feel extremely uncomfortable about search engines making use of the data that they gather from a user search. However, as uncomfortable as it may seem to some consumers are entering into a commercial relationship with a search engine provider. To return to a previous argument ‘there are no free lunches’. Search engines cost money to maintain. Their increasingly powerful algorithms are the result of many man hours (and processing power) which all cost huge amounts of money. In return for access to vast amounts of information, we are asked to tolerate the search engine companies use our data. In most instances, this will have a minimum impact on the utilitarian value of a search engine. Is this not a tradeoff that we should be willing to tolerate?

However, there is a darker side to search engine companies harvesting and using data that they have gleaned from consumer activity. Take for instance the relationship between government agencies and search engine companies. Although the National Security Agency in the United States has refused to confirm (or deny) that there is any relationship between Google and itself there are civil rights advocates who are becoming increasingly vocal about the possible relationship.

As far back as 2011, the Electronic Privacy Information Center submitted a Freedom of Information Act request regarding NSA records about the 2010 cyber-attack on Google users in China. The request was denied – the NSA said that disclosing the information would put the US Government’s information systems at risk.

Just how comfortable should we be that the relationship between a company like Google and the NSA sees that government agency acting as a de facto guardian of its practices and potential weaknesses when it comes to data protection – and by extension privacy?

It’s complicated

The search for a middle ground between the rights of the individual to privacy and the bedrock of data protection vs the commercial relationship between themselves and search engine companies is fraught with complexities. What is becoming increasingly clear is that a new paradigm must be explored. One that will protect the commercial interests of companies that offer an invaluable service and the rights of the individual. Whether that relationship will be defined in a court of law or by legislation remains to be seen.

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was originally Published in makeuseof.com By Dan Price - Contributed by Member: Carol R. Venuti

Of course, most social networks have their own search engines built in, but they’re fundamentally limited by the fact they can only search their own database. And how you are supposed to know whether Aunt Mary is on Facebook, Google Plus, or one of the other myriad options?

The solution? Use a network-agnostic social search engine. They can search all the most common networks, as well as lots of the niche, smaller ones.

If you need a social search engine, you’ve come to the right place. Here are six options for you to consider.

1. Pipl

Pipl offers a vast database of online accounts – almost three billion are accessible through its search algorithms.

The search engine doesn’t only scan social media networks. It also scans a list of both personal and work emails, deep web archives such as court records, news reports, and publicly available government lists.

6 Most Powerful Search Engines for Social Networks pipl 670x449

To use the tool, enter the person’s name, email address, or social media username into the search box. If you wish, you can also enter a location. Click on the magnifying glass icon to start the search.

How to Check for Open Usernames on Dozens of Social Media Sites at Once How to Check for Open Usernames on Dozens of Social Media Sites at OnceIf you want to create a new presence across social media sites, this tool will help you find a username that you can use on all of them!READ MORE

The results page will show you hits from across the site’s various databases. You can use the filters on the left-hand side of the screen to narrow the results by location and age.

Twitter itself also allows you to search for tweets by location.

2. Social Mention

Social Mention is both a social search engine and a way to aggregate user-generated content across a number of networks into a single feed. It helps you search for phrases, events, and mentions, but it won’t let you find individual people.

The site supports more than 80 social networks, including Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, Digg, Google Plus, and Instagram. It can also scan blogs, bookmarks, and even comments.

6 Most Powerful Search Engines for Social Networks socialmention 670x476

In the left-hand panel of the results page, you’ll see an abundance of data about the phrases you entered. You can find out how frequently the page is mentioned, a list of associated keywords and hashtags, top users, and more.

On the right-hand side of the screen you’ll find links for exporting data into a CSV file, and along the top of the screen are various filter options.

3. snitch.name

The snitch.name site is one of the easiest on this list to use.

The site has several advantages over a regular search query on Google. For example, many social networks are either not indexed by Google, or only have very limited indexing. It also prioritizes “people pages,” whereas a regular Google search will also return results for results for posts mentioning the person, associated hashtags, and other content.

6 Most Powerful Search Engines for Social Networks snitch name 670x480

Obviously, even after running a search, some profiles theoretically remain restricted depending on the said user’s privacy settings. However, as long as you can access the account through your own social media account, you will be able to access the listing on snitch.name.

To use the site, fire up the homepage, enter your search terms, and mark the checkboxes next to the networks you want to scan. When you’re ready, click Search.

4. Social-Searcher

Social-Searcher is another web app that works across a broad array of social networks and other platforms.

You can use the site without making an account. Non-registered users can search Twitter, Google Plus, Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, Tumblr, Reddit, Flickr, Dailymotion, and Vimeo. You can also save your searches and set up email alerts.

6 Most Powerful Search Engines for Social Networks social searcher 670x316

If you need a more powerful solution, you should consider signing up for one of the paid plans. For $3.50 per month, you get 200 searches per day, three email alerts, three keyword monitors, and space for up to 3,000 saved posts. The top-level plan, which costs $20 per month, increases the limits even further.

5. Social-Searcher: Google Social Search

The same team who is responsible for the previously-mentioned Social-Searcher has also developed a Google Social Search tool.

It works with six networks. They are Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Instagram, LinkedIn, and Pinterest. You can mark the checkboxes next to the networks’ logos to limit your search to particular sites.

6 Most Powerful Search Engines for Social Networks google social search 670x353

The usual Google search tricks apply. For example, putting quotation marks around a set of words will force Google to only return results with an exact match, adding a minus sign will exclude specific words from the results, and typing OR between words will let you roll several terms into one search result.

Results are sorted by networks, and you can click on Web or Images to toggle between the different media.

6. Buzzsumo

Buzzsumo takes a slightly different approach to the tools we have mentioned so far. It specializes in searching for trends and keyword performance.

That makes it an ideal tool for businesses; they can find out what content is going to have the biggest impact when they share it, as well as gaining an insight into the words and phrases their competitors are using.

On the results page, you can use the panel on the left-hand side of the screen to create filters. Date, content type, language, country, and even word counts are searchable parameters.

6 Most Powerful Search Engines for Social Networks buzzsumo 670x300

On the right-hand side of the page, you can see how successful each post was. Analytics for Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, and Pinterest are shown, as are the total number of shares.

Free users can only see the top 10 results; you will need a Pro account for $79 per month to unlock more. It’s probably too much money for individual users, but for businesses the cost is negligible.

Which Social Media Search Engines Do You Use?

In this article, we have introduced you to six of the best social media search engines. Each of them focuses on a different type of user and presents its results in a different way. If you use them all, you should be able to quickly find the topic, person, trend, or keyword you’re looking for.

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was originally Published in fossbytes.com By Manisha Priyadarshini - Contributed by Member: Carol R. Venuti

Even though Google dominates the search engine market worldwide, Bing has created a niche for itself where millions of users prefer it over Google. While there are many Google search tricks, Bing also has search engine shortcuts and several advanced features that can be used to get better and accurate search results. These Bing search tips and tricks will help you narrow down search results to find exactly what you are looking for.

Before diving in, do take a look at our other tips and tricks articles to get the best out of the apps and software you use.

23 Bing Tip And Tricks For Advanced Search

1. Math Solver

Those who hate maths are going to love the next Bing search trick. Microsoft recently introduced the Math Solver feature in its search engine. It can solve mathematical equations for you.

Just take a picture of the equations and tap on the “Math” button placed at the bottom menu between “Auto” and “Barcode.” You will immediately get the answer along with step by step explanation for it.

2. Text Transcription

This is the latest addition to Bing Visual Search. With Text Transcription, you can identify objects and find similar ones on the web. Just point the camera on a text to copy and search the text written on it.

You can also use it to take a picture of a phone number to call directly from your phone.  Clicking a picture of an email ID will add it directly to an existing contact, and you can even visit a website through the URL in an image.

3. Search Faster Through Images

This Bing Visual Search tip will let you do a quick image search by dragging and dropping an image, from Bing or desktop, directly to the advanced image search box.

Alternatively, you can also paste an image or URL directly to the search box to conduct an advanced image search on Bing.

4. Watch a preview in Bing Video Search

If you hover the mouse over the thumbnail images that appear in the Bing Video Search section, a short preview of the video is played automatically with audio. It helps you figure out whether the clip is relevant without visiting the website where that video is hosted.

5. Bing Education Carousel

This Bing tip is for students and parents who would like to make learning easier. Just type “Education on Bing” to find notes on popular topics related to math, science, language, etc., for better concept building. Learners can search for specific topics too such as “Solar System” or “Periodic Table.”

6. Code Sample Answer & Code Compiler

Bing search engine can answer your programming query right away. Just type your programming query, and the search engine’s advanced algorithm will extract the code snippet (if it is available) from any indexed article, online documentation or forum discussion. The answer or code snippets will be displayed in the search result itself with a link to the source article.

The best part isn’t over yet — you can also use the Bing Search as a code compiler. Let’s say you want to learn about arrays in C++ language. Just type C++ array in the search box, and you will see a code compiler right in the search results with a code for arrays in C++ language. You can modify the code, change values and compile it right there on the search page!

7. American Sign Language (ASL)

Up next is an extremely useful Bing feature especially for those with hearing inability. Type “Sign Language” to view 159 videos of words and 13 phrases in American Sign Language that can be used by students seeking to learn sign language in schools.

8. Get NFL stats right away!

For all NFL lovers out there, Bing search provides them in-depth and context-specific information on every NFL game played from the year 2000 to date.

9. Dictionary

Type a word followed by define or definition in the Bing search bar to know its meaning. Example: define anthropocentric

10. Weather Forecaster

Typing weather followed by your current location will fetch you a 5-day forecast of the weather in the search results itself. Example: weather New Delhi

11. Currency converter

You can easily convert one currency into another by typing the amount and currency you want to convert it into. Example: 10 dollars in euros

12. Bing Search Symbols

Search symbols are available on all search engines, and they help us to refine search results. Bing accepts several search symbols such as:

+ symbol

Using + between two words make sure they appear together. E.g., let’s say you want to search articles related to VPN apps on Fossbytes. Just type VPN apps+Fossbytes, and you will see all the articles related to it on our website.

– symbol

Using – minus does exactly the opposite of the symbol mentioned above. It ensures that a specific keyword is not included in the search results. For example, Jaguar -car will show you results for only the animal Jaguar instead of Jaguar car.

” ” symbol

Use quotes over a specific string of words or sentences to find web pages. It is useful when you are trying to find the exact source of certain paragraphs.

OR symbol

It finds web pages that contain either one of the terms. Make sure you write OR in capitals. Example: Mercedes OR Audi.

13. Find document, PDF, PPT, MP3, videos, ZIPs, etc.

The command filetype: lets you search files that you specify with the operator. For eg., if you want .ppt files on computer networking, just typed filetype:ppt computer networking.

This Bing search operator will display URLs that contain a ppt file related to the subject. You can do the same for other file types as well. Near the URL, you will also find a “Web View” option on the results page. Clicking on it will directly open PPT, PDF, or doc files on the browser.

14. Find web pages of a site that contain specific files

The contains: operator lets you search web pages that host online documents and multimedia files such as mp3 or videos. Let’s say you want to download ebook PDFs from Bookboon website. Just type “site:bookboon.com contains:PDF

Just in case you want to narrow down the search results and need PDFs on engineering books only, type ” engineering site:bookboon.com contains:PDF

15. Filter search results by Title, URL, Anchor or Body

Use intitle: to search for pages containing specific keywords in the title only. Example – intitle: Indian cricket team

You can use inurl: to search for web pages that contain a specific keyword in the URL.

Both of these Bing search operators are handy especially if you own a website or blog and need to filter out specific pages from the directory pages.

Similarly, inanchor: or inbody: looks for keywords in anchor or body of the web page.

16. Find content based on meta tags

meta: lets you filter content based on special tags in HTML.

Example, meta:Search.os(“Windows 10”)

This will show all pages that include windows 10 in the meta tag.

17. Limit the size of pictures in image search

The next Bing search trick is extremely useful while searching for the perfect images.

imagesize: constrains the size of returned images and is valid for Bing image search only.

Example, dogs imagesize:large

  • Small – Both width and height are less than 200 pixels.
  • Medium – Both width and height are between 200 pixels and 500 pixels
  • Large – Both width and height are greater than 200 pixels

18. Find location specific results on Bing Search

loc: or location: will return search results related to a specific country or region only. You can specify the country or region code directly like this — loc: India.

19. Find language specific results on Bing Search

language: operator returns web pages in a specific language. If you want to search for football in French, type — football language:fr

20. Focus on a specific search term

prefer: will emphasize a search term or another operator to help the Bing search engine focus on it. For example, football prefer:history — this will bring more articles related to football history.

21. Find specific RSS feeds

feed: can finds RSS feeds for you to make news reading easier. For example, if you love reading technology news, you can find a list of RSS feeds in Bing search results by typing feed:technology.

You can do the same for sports, politics, or any other topics you can think of.

hasfeed: is another advanced Bing search operator for the searching RSS feeds. It specifically finds those web pages that contain an RSS or Atom feed on their website.

22. Limit your search to a given root domain

site/domain: can limit your search to a particular root domain like .edu, .gov, .org.

Example: science site/.edu

It will show websites related to science with the root domain .edu

23. Find terms within a fixed distance

near: helps you fix the distance between two search terms. Let’s say you want to search for the keyword “orange” within 5 words distance from the keyword “color”. Just type orange near:5 color

 

Final Thoughts

So these were some advanced Bing search tips and tricks I know of. Let us know which Bing tricks you found most helpful. In case you know of some other good tips and tricks to search efficiently on the Bing search engine, do share it with us in the comment box below!

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was Published in programs.online.utica.edu - Contributed by Member: Anna K. Sasaki

For today's students, research methods are less about libraries and more about what can be found on laptops. A Pew Internet study reveals that 94 percent of teachers find students are most likely to use Google as their primary research tool and three-quarters of teachers witness students turning to Wikipedia for information.

The wealth of Internet information available is both a blessing and curse for student researchers. For every authoritative peer-reviewed journal, there are an equal amount of poorly developed, inaccurate content farms. The same Pew study also found that teacher’s estimate only 40 percent of students can accurately judge the quality of online research information as many are unaware of the benefits of utilizing advanced research techniques to navigate search engines and databases to find the best resources.

Quality Sources Are Everything

Students can find a multitude of websites offering information that may sound good but offer little in the way of legitimacy. The source of the information can help determine its accuracy, depth, and integrity. Wikipedia can be a useful starting point to gather general knowledge on a topic but it tends to go against the research principle of finding primary resources. As a melting pot of secondary information, Wikipedia runs the risk of providing errors.

Blogs can render mixed results of information; while some offer excellent insight and original research data, others are driven by the commercial interest of their associated organizations. For students seeking the best primary resources, consider information from peer-reviewed journals, government agencies, or reputable news publications. Scientific databases offer specialized information on research topics, which can make finding information easier but may also require students to look elsewhere to expand in an unbiased manner on topics.

Quality Resources to Launch Search Efforts

At the heart of academic-worthy resources, students will find the most accurate, comprehensive information. These resources focus on peer-reviewed studies and government-funded efforts while also seeking to bring public online access to published works found in brick-and-mortar libraries.

Library of Congress

The wealth of quality information offered by the Library of Congress is unparalleled. Its collection based in the nation’s capital provides thousands of resources online for students. The online Library of Congress is an excellent starting point to find book titles for specialized topics. Use the online librarian tool for extra guidance.

Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)

This digital library centers on educational research. Use the Education Resources Information Center database’s advanced search tool to narrow down keywords, publication type, and education level to find educational literature from 1966 to the present.

PubMed

PubMed is provided by the National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health. It gives access to millions of full-text articles as well as abstracts by NIH-funded projects and other free content. Topics archived in PubMed focus on the biomedical field.

BioMed Central

Another excellent resource for peer-reviewed information on life sciences is BioMed Central. This publisher provides free access to all articles. Journals featured in BioMed Central are categorized to help researchers better determine the primary source of the information.

Scirus

Using a simplistic interface, Scirus is a research database offering advanced search options that enable resource arrangement by publication date, information type, file format, journal source, and subject matter. Scirus combs through half a billion online scientific resources to find scholarly articles and reports.

Using Google for Good

While it’s easy to find poor research at the top of Google’s search results, students can use a few techniques to weed out the bad and allow specialized, authoritative resources to rise to the top.

Employing Google search operators is like a keyboard shortcut to advanced search results:

  • ::  A tilde (~) in front of a word will render a search for common synonyms.
  • ::  An asterisk (*) enables Google to fill in the blank for an unknown, tip-of-the-tongue word.
  • ::  Quotation marks allow the search for an exact phrase, which can be convenient to find a study title.

Google Scholar operates like a database that pulls specialized literature from their main engine to provide bibliographical information and links to peer-reviewed research. The database also shows how frequently users have cited an article. The scholar does not guarantee access to articles on research topics that are subscription-based. However, Google Scholar conveniently offers advanced search options based on publication date and shows related articles to further enhance research.

Writing Resources:

Applying the APA writing style to your written assignments.

APA Style Guide Website     http://www.apastyle.org/
APA Style Tutorial http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/basics/index.htm
6th Edition Tutorial http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/whatsnew/index.htm

Useful Videos:

For students using Online Utica courses to expand their knowledge and increase their marketability in their chosen fields, effective research is a necessary building block for success. Let the credentialed instructors of Utica College’s Employer-trusted programs demonstrate how advanced research techniques can positively impact students’ futures.

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was Published searchenginejournal.com By Chuck Price - Contributed by Member: Eric Beaudoin

Google is a behemoth in the search engine world. With its powerful algorithms, dominant advertising platform, and personalized user experience, Google is a force to be reckoned with.

That said, Google’s easy-to-use interface and personalized user experience comes at a cost.

It’s no secret the search engine giant catalogs the browsing habits of its users and shares that information with advertisers and other interested parties.

However, if you are unwilling to trade privacy for convenience, there are dozens of Google alternatives – many offering a better search experience.

Here are 14 search alternatives to Google.

1. Bing

Bing Search

Despite trailing Google by a wide margin in U.S. market share (24.2 percent vs. 63.2 percent), an argument can be made that Bing performs better in certain aspects.

For starters, Bing has a rewards program that allows one to accumulate points while searching. These points are redeemable at the Microsoft and Windows stores, which is a nice perk.

The Bing image search performs flawlessly across all browsers, whereas Google image search seems to be optimized just for Chrome.

In my view, the Bing image search GUI is superior to its rival’s and much more intuitive. Bing carries that same clean user experience to video, making it the “go to” source for video search without a YouTube bias.

2. DuckDuckGo

DuckDuckGo Search

If you’re looking for true privacy, DuckDuckGo is the search engine for you.

DuckDuckGo doesn’t collect or store any of your personal information. That means you can run your searches in peace without having to worry about the boogeyman watching you through your computer screen.

DuckDuckGo is the perfect choice for those who wish to keep their browsing habits and personal information private.

3. Wiki.com

Wiki.com Search

Looking for a search engine that pulls its results from thousands of wikis on the net? If so, Wiki.com is a good choice.

Wiki.com is the perfect search engine for those who appreciate community-led information as found on sites like Wikipedia.

4. Twitter

Twitter search

Twitter is hard to beat as a real-time search engine. It’s the perfect place to go for a minute by minute updates in the case of an emergency.

Google’s algorithm will catch up eventually, but nothing beats a Tweet in the heat of the moment.

5. CC Search

Creative Commons Search

CC Search should be your first stop on the hunt for many types of copyright-free content.

This search engine is perfect if you need music for a video, an image for a blog post, or anything else without worrying about an angry artist coming after you for ripping off their work.

The way CC Search works is simple – it draws in results from platforms such as Soundcloud, Wikimedia, and Flickr and displays results labeled as Creative Commons material.

6. Gibiru

Gibiru Search

Are you wearing a MAGA hat while reading this? If so, Gibiru may be the search engine you’ve been looking for.

According to their website, “Gibiru is the preferred Search Engine for Patriots.”

They claim their Search results are sourced from a modified Google algorithm, so users are able to query the information they seek without worrying about Google’s tracking activities.

Because Gibiru doesn’t install tracking cookies on your computer they purport to be faster than “NSA Search Engines.”

7. Internet Archive

Internet Archive Search

The Wayback Machine is great for researching old websites, but it’s so much more.

As the name implies, this search engine queries a massive collection of documented material, including millions of free videos, books, music, and software.

Essentially, Internet Archive is a vast online library where you can access just about anything you could imagine.

See Anyone's Real-Time Analytics
What will you do when you can lift the curtain on the internet? Insights you were never meant to see. Data that will change marketing forever.

8. Search Encrypt

Search Encrypt

Search Encrypt is a private search engine that uses local encryption to ensure your searches remain private.

It uses a combination of encryption methods that include Secure Sockets Layer encryption and AES-256 encryption.

When you input a query, Search Encrypt will pull the results from its network of search partners and deliver the requested information.

One of the best parts of Search Encrypt is that your search terms will eventually expire, so your information will remain private even if someone has local access to your computer.

9. Yandex

Yandex search

Looking for a search perspective outside of the United States?

Yandex is the most popular search engine in Russia, which is used by more than 53 percent of Russian Internet users. It is also used in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and Ukraine.

Yandex is an overall easy-to-use search engine. As an added bonus, it offers a suite of some pretty cool tools.

For example, if you use its cloud storage service, Yandex Disk, you can search for your personal files right from the search bar of the search engine!

10. StartPage

StartPage search

StartPage was developed to include results from Google, making it perfect for those who prefer Google’s search results without having to worry about their information being tracked and stored.

It also includes a URL generator, a proxy service, and HTTPS support. The URL generator is especially useful because it eliminates the need to collect cookies. Instead, it remembers your settings in a way that promotes privacy.

11. Swisscows

Swisscows

Swisscows is one of the more unique options on this list, billing itself as a family-friendly semantic search engine.

It uses artificial intelligence to determine the context of a user’s query. Over time, Swisscows promises to answer your questions with surprising accuracy.

12. Boardreader

Boardreader Search

If you’re interested in finding a forum or message board about a specific subject, Boardreader should be the first place you turn to.

This search engine queries its results from a wide variety of message boards and forums online. You should be able to find the forum you want with just a few keystrokes.

13. SlideShare

SlideShare Search

This unique search engine allows you to search for documented slideshow presentations.

You can also search for ebooks and PDFs, making it an excellent tool if you have a business presentation to prepare for.

SlideShare also allows you to save slides and even download the entire slideshow for use on your local computer.

14. Ecosia

Ecosia Search

Looking to save the planet, one tree at a time? Then check out this environmentally friendly search engine!

This may come as a surprise, but your Google searches actually contribute to the creation of quite a bit of CO2.

To battle this issue, Ecosia uses the revenues generated from search engine queries to plant trees. Typically Ecosia needs around 45 searches to plant a new tree.

Bottom Line

Google may be the most popular choice in search engines, but you still have a multitude of alternatives to use.

Many of these alternative search engines provide a better user experience and superior information to Google.

Whether you’re looking for more privacy or simply want to explore your options, there are plenty of search engines to experiment with. So what are you waiting for?

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was Published educatorstechnology.com - Contributed by Member: Clara Johnson

When it comes to searching for niche-specific content Google search engine is not the best option out there. Although Google can be a good starting point from which you can delve deeper into the content area you are searching for but you can save much more time by using content-specific search engines. In today’s post, we are sharing with you some examples of academic search engines student researchers and teachers can use to search for, find and access scholarly content. We are only featuring the most popular titles, but you can always find other options to add to the list. From Google Scholar to June, these search engines can make a whole difference in your academic search. Check them out and share with us your feedback.

Some of The Best Academic Search Engines for Teachers and Student Researchers

Published in Search Engine

 Source: This article was Published hackercombat.com By Julia Sowells - Contributed by Member: Bridget Miller

When we have to search for something on the Internet, our mind by default goes to Google or Bing. Obviously, our mind is tuned that way, and we get the results we seek. But how often do we consider that the information we are really looking for might be available on the deep web?

The major search engine keeps meticulous details of our movement on the Internet. Well, if you don’t want Google to know about your online searches and activities, it is best to keep anonymity.

Now, what about those huge databases of content lying in the repository of ‘Invisible Web’ popularly known as the ‘Deep Web’ where the general crawlers are not able to reach? How do you get them?

Deep web content is believed to be about 500 times bigger than normal search content, and it mostly goes unnoticed by regular search engines. When you look at the typical search engine, it performs a generic search. For example, there are huge personal profiles, and records of people related documents on static websites, and this high-quality content is invisible to the search engines.

Why is a Deep Web search not available from Google?

The primary reason Google doesn’t provide deep web content is that this content doesn’t index in the regular search engines. Hence, these search engines will not show results, or crawl to a document or file which is unindexed by the world wide web. The content lies behind the HTML forms. Regular search engines crawl, and the searches are derived from interconnected servers.

Interconnected servers mean you are regularly interacting with the source, but when it comes to the dark web this does not happen. Everything is behind the veil and stays hidden internally on the Tor network; which ensures security and privacy.

Only 4 percent of Internet content is visible to the general public, and the other 96 percent is hidden behind the deep web.

Now, the reason Google is not picking up these data, or why deep web content does not get indexed is not a hidden secret. It is mainly that these businesses are either illegal or bad for the society at large. The content can be of things like porn, drugs, weapons, military information, hacking tools, etc.

Robots Exclusion

The robot.txt that we normally use is to tell the website which of the files it should record and register that is to be indexed.

Now we have a terminology called ‘robots Exclusion files’. Web administrators will tweak the setup in a way that certain pages will not show up for indexing, and will remain hidden when the crawlers search.

Let’s look at some of the crawlers that go deep into the internet.

List of Best Deep Web Search Engines of 2017
  • Pipl
  • MyLife
  • Yippy 
  • SurfWax 
  • Wayback machine 
  • Google Scholar 
  • DuckDuckGo 
  • Fazzle 
  • Not Evil 
  • Start Page

Pipl

This is one of the search engines that will help you dig deep and get the results which may be missing on Google and Bing. Pipl robots interact with searchable databases and extract facts, contact details and other relevant information from personal profiles, member directories, scientific publications, court records and numerous other deep-web sources.

Pipl

Pipl works by extracting files as it communicates with the searchable database. It attempts to get information pertaining to search queries from personal profiles and member directories, which can be highly sensitive. Pipl has the ability to deeply penetrate and get the information the user seeks. They use advanced ranking algorithms and language analysis to get you the results closest to your keyword.

MyLife

Mylife engine can get you the details of a person, viz-a-viz personal data, and profiles, age, occupation, residence, contact details etc. It also includes pictures and other relevant histories of the person latest trip and other surveys if conducted. What’s more, you can rate individuals based on the profile and information.

mylife

Almost everyone above 18-years-old in the United States has a profile on the Internet, so one can expect more than 200 million profiles with rich data on Mylife searches.

Yippy

Yippy in fact a Metasearch Engine (it gets its outcomes by utilizing other web indexes), I’ve included Yippy here as it has a place with an entryway of devices a web client might be occupied with, for example, such as email, games, videos and so on.

Yippy

The best thing about Yippy is that they don’t store information of the users like Google does. It is a Metasearch Engine, and it is dependent on other web indexes to show its results.

Yippy may not be a good search engine for people who are used to Google because this engine searches the web differently. If you search “marijuana,” for example, it will bring up results that will read ‘the effects of marijuana,” rather than a Wikipedia page and news stories. So it’s a pretty useful website that can be good for people who want their wards to know what is really required and not the other way round.

SurfWax

SurfWax is a subscription-based search engine. It has a bunch of features apart from contemporary search habits. According to the website, the name SurfWax arose because “On waves, surf wax helps surfers grip their surfboard; for Web surfing, SurfWax helps you get the best grip on information — providing the ‘best use’ of relevant search results.” SurfWax is able to integrate relevant search based with key finding elements for an effective search result.

SurfWax

Wayback machine

This engine gives you enormous access to the URL information. It is the front-end of the Internet Archive of open web pages. Internet Archive allows the public to post their digital documents, which can be downloaded to its data cluster. The majority of the data is collected by the web crawlers of Wayback machines automatically. The primary intention of this is to preserve public web information.

Wayback Machine

Google Scholar

Another Google search engine, but quite different from its prime engine, Google Scholar scans for a wide range of academic literature. The search results draw from university repositories, online journals, and other related web sources.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar helps researchers find sources that exist on the internet. You can customize your search results to a particular field of interest, region, or institution, for example, ‘psychology, Harvard University.’ This will give you access to relevant documents.

DuckDuckGo

Unlike Google, this search engine does not track your activities, which is the first good thing about it. This has a clean UI and it is simple and yes, it has the ability to deep search the internet.

DuckDuckGo

Having said that you can customize the searches, and even enhance them according to the results and satisfaction. The search engines believe in quality and not quantity. The emphasis is on the best results. It does this from over 500 independent sources, including Google, Yahoo, Bing, and all the other popular search engines.

Fazzle

Accessible in English, French, and Dutch, this is a meta web index engine. It is designed to get quick results. The query items include Images, Documents, Video, Audio, and Shopping, Whitepaper and more.

Fazzle

Fazzle list most of the items that may look like promotion, and like to know meta web indexes available, this search engine does not cover supported a connection in searches. So it looks like the first search results on any keyword could likely be a promotion. Nevertheless, among all the Deep Web Fazzle stands apart when it comes to giving you the best pick on searches.

Not Evil

The not for profit ‘not Evil’ search engines entirely survives on contribution, and it seems to be getting a fair share of support. Highly reliable in the search results, this SE has a functionality that is highly competitive in the TOR network.

Not Evil

There is no advertising or tracking, and due to the thoughtful and continuously updated algorithms of search, it is easy to find the necessary goods, content or information. Using not Evil, you can save a lot of time and keep total anonymity.

This search engine was formerly known as TorSearch.

Start Page

Startpage was made available in the year 2009. This name was chosen to make it easier for people to spell and remember.

Startpage.com and Ixquick.com are both the same and run by one company. It is a private search engine and offers the same level of protection.

Start Page

This is one of the best search engines when it comes to concealing privacy. Unlike popular search engines, Startpage.com does not record your IP and keeps your search history a secret.

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was Published lifewire.com By Jerri Collins - Contributed by Member: Barbara Larson

One of the most popular ways to use the web is to simply search for images. People love to search for images online, and there are many sites and search engines dedicated just to chasing down all sorts of images. We use them as part of a project, to decorate our websites, blogs, or social networking profiles, and for so much more. Here is a collection of just a few of the best sites for finding images online.

Image Search Engines

  • Google Image Search: Google's huge database will help you find pretty much any image on any topic that you can think of. It's easy to use, and indexes literally millions of images. Filters are also available here to narrow your search by size, color, resolution, and much more.  You can also use Google to search for an image by actually using that image in your search query; this is what is called a reverse image search. 
  • Picsearch: Find images, photos, animations; the "Most Popular Pictures" feature is especially useful.
  • Yahoo Image Search: Use Yahoo's Advanced Image Search to really narrow down your searches. You can filter by size, coloration, site/domain, and more.

Image Search Sites

  • Flickr is a great place to go to find a huge array of different photos. Make sure you check if the photo you want to use is available to use on other sites, as not all Flickr users give this kind of permission. If you're just looking for fantastic photo galleries from talented photographers worldwide, Flickr can also be a useful source to utilize. 
  • Fabfotos.com: High-quality photography collection; includes only sites with high-quality submissions.
  • Getty Images: Huge database of searchable images from various leading brands. You can narrow your search to include only royalty-free images. This site offers different levels of image access.
  • Hubble's Greatest Hits: Amazing pictures of space objects as collected by the Hubble telescope from 1990-1995.
  • University of Colorado Garst Photographic Collection: Amazing collection of over 20,000 images put together by the Garsts as they were filming for Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom television series.
  • American Memory Collections: Photos and Prints: From the Library of Congress. Collections include Ansel Adams photography, Civil War, and Presidents and First Ladies.
  • The Smithsonian Institution Archive Collections: Search or browse through selected images from Smithsonian collections.
  • Classroom Clipart: A source for free downloadable clipart, searchable by topic.
  • Eastman Museum: Search through a wide variety of photo and image collections, including motion picture and technology collections.
  • The LIFE Picture Collection: Powered by Getty Images. A fascinating collection of photos and images included in both Time and Life magazines.
  • National Geographic Photography Collection: Includes photo galleries from this acclaimed magazine, gorgeous wallpapers, a photo of the day, and more.
  • NASA Image and Video Library: Search among thousands of NASA press release photos, videos and audio recording spanning American manned space programs from the Mercury program to the STS-79 Shuttle mission.
  • NYPL Digital Gallery: The New York Public Library's collection of free digital images. NYPL Digital Gallery provides access to over 337,000 images digitized from primary sources and printed rarities in the collections of The New York Public Library, including illuminated manuscripts, historical maps, vintage posters, rare prints and photographs, illustrated books, printed ephemera, and more. 

Reverse Image Search

Ever wonder where an image you see on the Web actually came from, how it is being used, if modified versions of the image exist, or to find higher resolution versions?

Google offers a very easy way to do a quick reverse image search. For example, you can use a general Google search query, locate an image, then simply drag and drop that image to the search bar to indicate you'd like to search using that actual image to find out where other instances of it might be on the web. If you have the direct URL of where the image resides, you can also search using that as a start. 

You can also use TinEye as a reverse image search engine to get more information on where that image originated from. Here's how it works:

  • Upload an image from your computer, or copy and paste an URL that has the image you're investigating.
  • TinEye comes back with a list of possible sources for that image.

TinEye has all sorts of interesting possibilities. For example:

  • See how the Mona Lisa has been used all over the globe

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was Published legalreader.com By Olivia Ryan - Contributed by Member: Barbara Larson

Can you imagine life without Google or spending more than a few seconds searching for any information? I bet you can’t because it’s a privilege that makes your life much easier and more comfortable. But there is a big problem with search engines – they damage privacy and it becomes an issue.

It’s almost impossible to protect personal data since everybody is collecting information these days. For instance, Facebook recently announced that it can track even non-users when they visit a site or app that uses their services.

In such circumstances, it is crucial to understand how search engines function and what they do with your personal data. This post will explain to you how things work in this field.

How Search Engines Collect Data

Search engines possess every user’s browsing history. It may not sound like much, but let’s see what it really means in case of the biggest player on the search engine market, Google.

This company collects all sorts of user-related data, but it can be divided into three basic sections:

  • Things you do. Google monitors every action you take online, including search queries, websites you visit, videos you watch, ads that you click on or tap, your location, device information, and IP address and cookie data.
  • Things that you create. This section consists of emails you send and receive on Gmail, contacts that you add, calendar events, and photos or videos that you upload. Besides that, it holds documents, sheets, and slides on Drive.
  • Things about you. These are essentially personal information such as your name, email address and password, date of birth, gender, telephone number, and location.

It’s a short list of data mining units, but it obviously consists of everything you’ve ever done online. Unless you’ve been living in a cave for the last couple of decades, Google knows a lot about you and uses this information to provide you with tailored online experience.

Why Search Engines Accumulate Personal Information

The more you know about users, the easier you can approach them. Search engines know this very well and so they collect personal information to enhance their services. First of all, they do it to improve website ranking.

According to SEO specialists at aussiewritings.com, Google analyzes user behavior and learns how people react to online content, which helps this company to upgrade search engine algorithms. As the result, only the best and most popular websites can make it to the first page in search results.

Secondly, Google can serve you personalized ads because it knows what you do, feels, and like. It can put things into perspective and display the right advertisement at just about the right time. That way, Google drastically improves the effectiveness of digital advertising.

How Does It Jeopardize Privacy?

With so much information hovering around the Internet, it is reasonable to assume that security breaches will happen from time to time. Identity theft is one of the biggest concerns because it’s getting easier to find someone’s personal information online and use it to steal their money.

Most websites ask you to leave your name, email, and birthday. Although it seems like nothing more than useless basic information, hackers can easily exploit it to access your bank account or any other digital property for that matter.

At the same time, continuous data accumulation also means humans are being treated primarily as consumers. You can’t hide from search engines – they will always find you and serve you customized ads.

If you are a 30-year-old mother, they will offer you baby clothing. If you are a high school boy, they will suggest you buy video games. In each case, there is no way to hide from search engines and that’s something that scares us all.

Final Thoughts

Search engines damage privacy and it becomes an issue because there is no way to protect yourself completely. Google and other platforms use personal information to improve user experience and customize advertising, but it comes with a cost.

Published in Search Engine

Source: This article was emergingedtech.com By Katie Alice - Contributed by Member: Bridget Miller

Whether Conducting Academic Research or Purely Scientific Research, These Sites can be an Invaluable Aid.

Researching is the most crucial step in writing a scientific paper. It is always a well-researched scientific paper that inspires the assessor. At the same time, it must have genuine and authentic information for credibility. With the development in the Internet industry, i.e., web resources, researching for scientific materials has now become a matter of a few clicks. Now students can get information on any topic pertaining to science through academic search engines. They provide a centralized platform and allow the students to acquire literature on any topic within seconds.

scientific academic research image top internet sources

While there are many academic search engines available, there are some that have the most trusted resources. They provide information on a range of topics from Engineering and technology to Biology and Natural Science. They provide a one-stop solution to all research-related needs for a scientific paper. Besides, they provide a personal and customized way to search research materials on any given topic. This article will focus on some popular academic search engines that have revolutionized the way information is researched by the students. They are rich in information and have the highest level of credibility.

  1. Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/):Google Scholar is a free academic search engine that indexes academic information from various online web resources. The Google Scholar lists information across an array of academic resources, mostly are peer-reviewed. It works in the same manner as Scirus. Founded in 2004, it is one of the widely used academic resources for researchers and scholars.
  2. CiteSeerx(http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu): CiteSeerx is a digital library and an online academic journal that offer information within the field of computer science. It indexes academic resources through autonomous citation indexing system. This academic database is particularly helpful for students seeking information on computer and information sciences. It offers many other exclusive features to facilitate the students with the research process that include: ACI – Autonomous Citation Indexing, reference linking, citation statistics, automatic metadata extraction and related documents. Founded in 1998, it is the first online academic database and has since evolved into a more dynamic and user-friendly academic search engine.
  3. GetCITED(http://www.getcited.org/): GetCITED is another powerful tool for searching scientific information. It is an online academic database that indexes academic journals and citations. It is a one-stop platform that offers everything related to academic publications such as chapters, conference papers, reports and presentations. You can even browse through the bibliographies to search related details. Furthermore, you can find information on any author and his published works. The two ‘most outstanding’ features of this academic search engine tool include: ‘a comprehensive database’ and ‘discussion forum’. It allows every member from academia to contribute in its database resources. It has over 3,000,000 written by more than 3,00,000 authors.
  4. Microsoft Academic Research(http://academic.research.microsoft.com/): Microsoft academic research is yet another top search engine for academic resources. Developed by Microsoft Research, it has more than 48 million publications written by over 20 million authors. It indexes range of scientific journals from computer science and engineering to social science and biology. It has brought in many new ways to search academic resources, such as papers, authors, conferences, and journals. This academic search engine allows you to search information based on authors or domains.
  5. Bioline International(http://www.bioline.org.br/): Bioline is among the most trusted and authentic search engines that have peer-reviewed academic journals on public health, food and nutritional security, food and medicine and biodiversity. It provides free access to peer-reviewed journals from third world countries. It promotes an exchange of ideas through academic resources. Founded in 1993, it has 70 journals across 15 countries that offer information on subjects like crop science, biodiversity, public health and international development.
  6. Directory of Open Access Journals(http://www.doaj.org/): Director of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) is yet another free search engine for scientific and scholarly resources. The directory offers a huge range of topics within scientific areas of study. It is among the richest sources of the scholarly database with over 8,000 journals available on different topics. All the journals are thoroughly peer-reviewed.
  7. PLOS ONE (http://www.plosone.org/): Founded in 2006, PLOSE ONE provides a free access platform to everyone searching for science-related information. All the articles published on PLOS ONE are published after going through a strict peer-reviewed process. This academic database has a meticulous procedure for publishing a journal. You can find plenty of articles and academic publications using this platform.
  8. BioOne (http://www.bioone.org/): An excellent search engine for scientific information, BioOne contains academic resources for biological, environmental and ecological sciences. Established in 2000, it started as an NGO and later became an online academic journal directory. The journal gives free access to over 25000 institutions all over the world.
  9. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials(http://iopscience.iop.org/1468-6996/): First published in 2000, the science and technology of advanced materials became online in 2008. This peer-reviewed academic journal offers free access to academic journals on major areas of science and technology. The academic directory is totally free of cost and provides easy and simple access to the plethora of information covering scientific subject-matters.
  10. New Journal of Physics (http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630):New Journal of Physics is an online scientific search engine that has academic databases with physics as core subject. Founded in 1998, it is co-founded by the Institute Of Physics and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. The search engine offers academic journals on diversified topics with physics as central theme.
  11. ScienceDirect(http://www.sciencedirect.com/): “A leading full-text scientific database offering journal articles and book chapters from more than 2,500 journals and almost 20,000 books.”

The above mentioned academic database and directories are among the most trusted search engines for scientific research. They offer information on possibly all the major areas of science including computer and technology, biology, environmental science and social sciences, and other areas of academic research.

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