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 Source: This article was published itsfoss.com By Ankush Das - Contributed by Member: Issac Avila

Brief: In this age of the internet, you can never be too careful with your privacy. Use these alternative search engines that do not track you.

Google – unquestionably being the best search engine out there, makes use of powerful and intelligent algorithms (including A.I. implementations) to let the users get the best out of a search engine with a personalized experience.

This sounds good until you start to live in a filter bubble. When you start seeing everything that ‘suits your taste’, you get detached from the reality. Too much of anything is not good. Too much of personalization is harmful as well.

This is why one should get out of this filter bubble and see the world as it is. But how do you do that?

You know that Google sure as hell tracks a lot of information about your connection and the system when you perform a search and take an action within the search engine or use other Google services such as Gmail.

So, if Google keeps on tracking you, the simple answer would be to stop using Google for searching the web. But what would you use in place of Google? Microsoft’s Bing is no saint either.

So, to address the netizens concerned about their privacy while using a search engine, I have curated a list of privacy oriented alternative search engines to Google. 

Best 8 Privacy-Oriented Alternative Search Engines To Google

Do note that the alternatives mentioned in this article are not necessarily “better” than Google, but only focuses on protecting users privacy. Here we go!

1. DuckDuckGo

DuckDuckGo is one of the most successful privacy oriented search engines that stands as an alternative to Google. The user experience offered by DuckDuckGo is commendable. I must say – “It’s unique in itself”.

DuckDuckGo, unlike Google, utilizes the traditional method of “sponsored links” to display the advertisements. The ads are not focused on you but only the topic you are searching for – so there is nothing that could generate a profile of you in any manner – thereby respecting your privacy.

Of course, DuckDuckGo’s search algorithm may not be the smartest around (because it has no idea who you are!). And, if you want to utilize one of the best privacy oriented alternative search engines to Google, you will have to forget about getting a personalized experience while searching for something.

The search results are simplified with specific meta data’s. It lets you select a country to get the most relevant result you may be looking for. Also, when you type in a question or searching for a fix, it might present you with an instant answer (fetched from the source).

Although, you might miss quite a few functionalities (like filtering images by license) – that is an obvious trade-off to protect your privacy.

2. Qwant

best privacy oriented search engine

Qwant is probably one of the most loved privacy oriented search engines after DuckDuckGo. It ensures neutrality, privacy, and digital freedom while you search for something on the Internet.

If you thought privacy-oriented search engines generally tend to offer a very casual user experience, you need to rethink after trying out Qwant. This is a very dynamic search engine with trending topics and news stories organized very well. It may not offer a personalized experience (given that it does not track you) – but it does feel like it partially with a rich user experience offered to compensate that in a way.

Qwant is a very useful search engine alternative to Google. It lists out all the web resources, social feeds, news, and images on the topic you search for.

3. Startpage

best privacy oriented search engine

Startpage is a good initiative as a privacy-oriented search engine alternative to Google. However, it may not be the best one around. The UI is very similar to that of Google’s (while displaying the search results – irrespective of the functionalities offered). It may not be a complete rip-off but it is not very impressive – everyone has got their own taste.

To protect your privacy, it lets you choose it. You can either select to visit the web pages using the proxy or without it. It’s all your choice. You also get to change the theme of the search engine. Well, I did enjoy my switch to the “Night” theme. There’s an interesting option with the help of which you can generate a custom URL keeping your settings intact as well.

4. Privatelee

best privacy oriented search engine

Privatelee is another kind of search engine specifically tailored to protect your online privacy. It does not track your search results or behavior in any way. However, you might get a lot of irrelevant results after the first ten matched results.

The search engine isn’t perfect to find a hidden treasure on the Internet but more for general queries. Privatelee also supports power commands – more like shortcuts – which helps you search for the exact thing in an efficient manner. It will save a lot of your time for pretty simple tasks such as searching for a movie on Netflix. If you were looking for a super fast privacy oriented search engine for common queries, Privatelee would be a great alternative to Google.

5. Swisscows

best privacy oriented search engine

Well, it isn’t dairy farm portfolio site but a privacy-oriented search engine as an alternative to Google. You may have known about it as Hulbee – but it has recently redirected its operation to a new domain. Nothing has really changed except for the name and domain of the search engine. It works the same way it was before as Hulbee.com.

Swisscows utilizes Bing to deliver the search results as per your query. When you search for something, you would notice a tag cloud on the left sidebar which is useful if you need to know about the related key terms and facts. The design language is a lot simpler but one of its kind among the other search engines out there. You get to filter the results according to the date but that’s about it – no more advanced options to tweak your search results. It utilizes a tile search technique (a semantic technology) to fetch the best results to your queries. The search algorithm makes sure that it is a family-friendly search engine with pornography and violence ruled out completely.

6. searX

best privacy oriented search engine

searX is an interesting search engine – which is technically defined as a “metasearch engine”. In other words, it utilizes other search engines and accumulates the results to your query in one place. It does not store your search data being an open source metasearch engine at the same time. You can review the source code, contribute, or even customize it as your own metasearch engine hosted on your server.

If you are fond of utilizing Torrent clients to download stuff, this search engine will help you find the magnet links to the exact files when you try searching for a file through searX. When you access the settings (preferences) for searX, you would find a lot of advanced things to tweak from your end. General tweaks include – adding/removing search engines, rewrite HTTP to HTTPS, remove tracker arguments from URL, and so on. It’s all yours to control. The user experience may not be the best here but if you want to utilize a lot of search engines while keeping your privacy in check, searX is a great alternative to Google.

7. Peekier

best privacy oriented search engine

Peekier is another fascinating privacy oriented search engine. Unlike the previous one, it is not a metasearch engine but has its own algorithm implemented. It may not be the fastest search engine I’ve ever used but it is an interesting take on how search engines can evolve in the near future. When you type in a search query, it not only fetches a list of results but also displays the preview images of the web pages listed. So, you get a “peek” on what you seek. While the search engine does not store your data, the web portals you visit do track you.

So, in order to avoid that to an extent, Peekier accesses the site and generates a preview image to decide whether to head into the site or not (without you requiring to access it). In that way, you allow less websites to know about you – mostly the ones you trust.

8. MetaGer

best privacy oriented search engine

MetaGer is yet another open source metasearch engine. However, unlike others, it takes privacy more seriously and enforces the use of Tor network for anonymous access to search results from a variety of search engines. Some search engines who claim to protect your privacy may share your information to the government (whatever they record) because the server is bound to US legal procedures. However, with MetaGer, the Germany-based server would protect even the anonymous data recorded while using MetaGer.

They do house a few number of advertisements (without trackers of course)- but you can get rid of those as well by joining in as a member of the non-profit organization – SUMA-EV – which sponsors the MetaGer search engine.

Wrapping Up

If you are concerned about your privacy, you should also take a look at some of the best privacy-focused Linux distributions. Among the search engine alternatives mentioned here – DuckDuckGo – is my personal favorite. But it really comes down to your preference and whom would you choose to trust while surfing the Internet.

Categorized in Search Engine

We all have the concept that Google is the best and topmost search engine ever. Well, this is true as hell, it is and it is going to be the best in the coming time.But there are also other useful search engines, I will tell you the top 10 best search engines on the internet. If you are a blog writer or an article writer then the SEO optimization and relevant things are crucial for you. There is a large number of other search engines which are used by people nowadays.

Google is effective and no doubt topmost search engine but there are some problems:-

  • The traffic on Google is high, but there are a great competition and race among the users.
  • Google is not the all you have with regard to the search engine’s list.
  • Other search engines are beneficial equally for the users and rank the keywords in the same way.

Why Should you have Knowledge of the Google substitutes?

We are well by the fact that Google has started many new themes and things and have unique features and trade-marks. It is impossible for other search engines or websites to get similar features. Google has the highest organic traffic only due to this specialty.

Google recently has introduced the “Google Knowledge Graph” these things has spread the problem and fury in the other web experts and owners. It seems like Google wants to satisfy the users completely and with one click they can get the all related information within no time.

I will describe this by the example:

To show the answers of other webmasters, Google graph interferes and let it down.

Top 10 Best Search Engines on the Internet 2018

Before describing this, I have to tell you that there are many other search engines which are serving their users daily and get them the best answers quickly.

Here is the list of foremost Search engines:

1.   Google

This is the leading, trending, foremost and indeed nonpareil search engine ever. World over 70 percent of the users used to it. They do not like any other search engine to use.

It has the up-to-date facts and characteristics and all the users get their desired results within no time. It has many other trade-marks like Stock markets, Sport, Images, Calendar, Calculator, and much more which make it the topmost a the best engine of the time.

2. Youtube

You will be surprised to know that it is the 2nd most used search engine of the current time. It has more searches then the sum of all the searches of the Bing, Yahoo, and AOL.

According to a survey, there are total 3 billion searches are made per month. This is the huge traffic than other search engines. Now we can say that the contents which are visual and captive contents attract the users. If you want to initiate the blogging of some content, then I suggest you make a youtube channel. It will be beneficial to you and will drive traffic to your channel and content.

3. Bing

Among the community of the search engines which has attracted the people all over the world. In this community, Bing has a great share and this is the basically most important thing ever.

Bing’s homepage is up-to-date every day with the current situations and trending affairs of the world. It also gives the many and comprehensive answers or replies to the people’s questions and searches like sportings, conversions, and many more things.

4. Yahoo

You can say that Yahoo was a topmost search engine in the past years. Then Google took its place and it is currently also a top list search engine. One of the best features of Yahoo is its homepage or the home screen which looks like or seems to be a complete news updater. It updates the users with the everyday news, native happenings, regional happenings, national happenings, and international happenings. This is the best thing that fascinates the people.

The other important trade-mark of the Yahoo is its Yahoo answers section, the portion which gives the answers to the people quickly.

5. Ask.com

Its genuine name is Ask Jeeves, and the leading site still now in the USA. It has a share of 3 percent in the search engine market. Many people still use it for searching purposes. But the thing that takes it down is its low-quality replies service which becomes unable to satisfy the users.

6. Baidu

We think that Google is the leading search engine in the world but you are wrong here in China most of the people use this search engine. This has the market share of 70 percent in the search engine community. It is at no. 4 rank in the Alexa and No. 1 site in China.

According to a research report, it is at the no. 2 among the total net search engine ad revenue and has a revenue of 7.18 Billion.

7. Aol

This is the trending search platform in the USA and has a market share of 0.15 percent in the whole market community.

8. Yandex

It is the search engine like the Baidu but it I the Russian based search engine. It is the leading search engine in Russia and many regions of Europe. It contributes to the 55-65 percent in the Russian market search engine community.

9. DuckDuckGo

It is something more clean interface than that of Google. One more precious thing about it that it does not interfere with your browsing histories or the activities. If you are searching for this search engine you have no need to get onto another search engine.

10. WayBack Machine

This is not only a search engine but also a history search engine. This allows you to find anything in the past on the internet. It has the collection of more than 480 billion pages or sections.

This is the best site for the SEO person. It can help them a lot.

 

Categorized in Search Engine

Source: This article was published trustify.info By Danny Boice - Contributed by Member: Edna Thomas

The so-called "surface web," which is what the vast majority of people access and browse on a daily basis, accounts for just 4 percent of the total content stored online. The other 96 percent makes up the Deep Web, with a small percentage of that content making up what some might call the "Dark Web.

The Deep Web, essentially, refers to anything on the internet that is not indexed by a search engine. Websites that cannot be found through traditional searching methods are said to live in the Deep Web. These include anything protected behind a password or paywall, such as:

  • Medical and financial records
  • Scientific and academic databases
  • Legal documents and government reports
  • Subscription-only content

The contents of your email account exist in the Deep Web. Banking information, doctor communications, secure image hosting and anything else that is protected from the public eye is considered to be Deep Web content.

However, there are darker things lurking in the Deep Web as well. Websites designed to be accessed only by special anonymous browsers exist, and these hidden sites often become hotbeds of illegal activity. The online black marketplace, Silk Road, is perhaps the best-known example. These sites, occupying what's known as the Dark Web, may include forums or chat rooms as well as information for illegal activities including drug use, child pornography, human trafficking, political protest and more.

Accessing the Deep Web

There are many reasons why a private investigator may need to complete a deep web search, from uncovering criminal activity to finding information about missing persons and stolen property. When searching for criminals, it is often necessary to go where the criminals will be. Online, this means venturing into the Dark Web. Online research into private databases and other walled-off documents may also be a necessary part of the job. Additionally, researching a person or event may require a broader and deeper search than what a standard search engine can provide;

Because so much of the Deep Web is hidden and inaccessible from a standard web browser, having the right tools to access it is an essential part of any cyber-investigation.

Top Browsers for Accessing the Deep Web

Many users of the Deep Web require their online activity to be anonymous. This is true both for people using the internet for illegal activity and those whose identities could be compromised by their searches, including whistleblowers and private investigators. For this reason, anonymous browsers have been created that, when coupled with a VPN service, allow for nearly untraceable web activity.

The most common and well-known of these browsers is "The Onion Router," better known as Tor. However, there are others, including:

  • L2P
  • Tails
  • Subgraph OS
  • Freenet
  • Freepto

Some Dark Web sites are designed specifically to work only when accessed by these browsers.

How to Search the Deep Web for Information

Downloading an anonymous browser will help you to access the Deep Web, but it won't allow you to find anything. For that, you will need a search engine that is designed specifically to probe into areas of the internet that traditional search engines do not.

Depending on what an investigator is searching for, a variety of Deep Web search engines may be useful:

  • Pipl: An invaluable research tool for finding people, this search engine browses through databases, member directories, court records and other listings. Using a name, phone number or email address, you can locate a person and find all of their online profiles and public records.
  • The Wayback Machine: An extension of the Internet Archive, this search engine allows users to view snapshots of websites from previous dates, which can be helpful in identifying information that has changed or that a webmaster is attempting to cover up or deny.
  • Core.onion: Onion sites are those hosted on the Tor network and can only be accessed by the Tor browser. Core.onion hosts the Tor Directory, which offers a fairly thorough directory of .onion sites. While not a search engine per se, the directory is invaluable for finding hidden sites and getting started on the Tor network.
  • Not Evil: Replacing the now-defunct Torch, Not Evil is a user-supported search engine for .onion sites, accessible through the Tor network. From the Tor browser, it can be accessed at http://xycpusearchon2mc.onion/

Although the Deep Web can offer a host of valuable information that may be helpful in research and investigation, it also poses some dangers. Aside from the illegal activities conducted on some of these sites, many sites are fraudulent, fraught with viruses or otherwise risky to visit without the proper knowledge. This is one reason why it is often best to leave this type of research up to professional private investigators who have the tools and experience necessary to research safely and return with accurate information. A good investigator will also have access to and knowledge of databases and other resources a layperson will not be familiar with, making Deep Web searches faster and more effective.

 

Categorized in Deep Web

 Source: This article was published blog.kissmetrics.com By Jonathan Cabin - Contributed by Member: Issac Avila

Have you ever been looking for something but didn’t know where to find it? If that something is online, then your search is over (or just about to begin). The following are 40 advanced and alternative search engines that you can use to find just about anything on the Internet. Use them to follow discussions about your industry, monitor your online reputation, and much more!

General Search

To start off our search adventure, let’s look at some general search engines beyond the top three.

DuckDuckGo

Concerned about online privacy? DuckDuckGo prides themselves as being the search engine that does not track or personalize your searches and results. They even offer handy visual guides on Google tracking and filter bubbling. And if you’re an iOS user, you can set DuckDuckGo to be the default search engine in Safari. It’s also an option for Safari on MacOS.

Search Encrypt

Looking for an alternative to DuckDuckGo? Give Search Encrypt a try. Like DuckDuckGo, they are a privacy-based search engine. It includes a general search function, as well as image and video search.

Ecosia

Want trees planted while you search? That’s what Ecosia does! Simply run your normal searches and Ecosia will use its surplus income to conservationist organizations that plant trees. And you don’t have to sacrifice low-quality results to do good – Ecosia uses Bing and their own search algorithms.

Dogpile

If you want results from the top three search engines, but don’t want to go to them individually, try Dogpile. It’s results are pulled from the top three search engines “without all the mess.”

Blekko

Want spam free search results? Blekko‘s mission is to provide a differentiated, editorial voice in search. They look for quality over quantity, source-based authority over link based, removes sites whose primary purpose is monetization over information and uses human curating through the use of user tags.

WolframAlpha

Looking for a search engine based on computation and metrics? Try WolframAlpha. It will give you website data, historical information by date, unit conversions, stock data, sports statistics, and more. You can see examples by topicto learn more.

Gigablast

Want an open source search engine? Check out Gigablast. While it doesn’t always get things right, it does provide a retro look, results return quickly, and a feature similar to the now-defunct Google Instant.

Social Network Specific Advanced Search

Need to find something specific on one of the top social networks? Here are some great advanced search pages.

Facebook Search

Want to see a particular search across different areas of Facebook? Use Facebook Advanced Search. When you type in your query, click on the “see more results” link at bottom of the suggestions. Then use the filters on the left to see results within people, pages, places, groups, and more.

LinkedIn People Search

If you want to find some new connections on LinkedIn, use the Advanced People Search. This will let you narrow down your results by the above plus relationship and language. Premium members will have access to additional search filters including groups, company size, years of experience, and more.

LinkedIn Job Search

LinkedIn offers job seekers an Advanced Job Search to find jobs using the above information plus experience level and industry. Premium members can narrow their search down further by the salary offered.

LinkedIn Answers Search

LinkedIn Answers is a great way to gain exposure and build authority in your industry. Use the Answers Advanced Search to find the perfect questions to answer.

Twitter Search

Twitter’s Advanced Search is a great way to find better results on Twitter. It is especially great for businesses looking for a local audience by allowing them to filter their results using the Near this place field.

Social Search

The following search engines will allow you to search one or more social networks in one place and gain additional data about the results.

Keyhole

Keyhole allows you to search for hashtags, keywords, @mentions, and URLs. Want to see how your latest blog post was shared across social networks? Just select URL on Keyhole and put in the URL and you’ll see who has shared it.

Social Mention

Social Mention allows you to search across multiple types of networks including blogs, microblogs, bookmarks, comments, events, images, news, and more.

Buzzsumo

Use Buzzsumo if you have a topic in mind and want to see which articles on the web were most shared for that particular search. There is a paid version that can give you access to more tools for each topic.

Forums

Want to participate in forums in your industry? Use this search engine to find results specifically on forums.

Boardreader

BoardReader allows you to search forums and narrow results down by date (last day through last year) and language.

Blogs

Find industry related blogs and posts using the following search engines.

Regator

Regator allows you to search for blogs and posts on any topic, then narrow down your results by posts with audio or video, date range, topic, and domain.

Documents, eBooks, and Presentations

If you’re looking for documents, eBooks, presentations, or other similar file types, try the following searches.

Google Advanced Search

Google Advanced Search allows you to search for specific types of documents. Looking specifically for PDFs? Set that as your criteria. Want to search for Word docs or Powerpoint presentations? Then tell Google to find those file types.

Scribd

Scribd is the largest social reading and publishing network that allows you to discover original written content across the web. Sort results by category, language, length, file types, upload date, and cost (free or for sale).

SlideShare

SlideShare is the largest community for sharing presentations. If you missed a conference or webinar, there’s a good chance the slides from your favorite speakers are here.

Image Search

Looking for beautiful images? Try these image search engines – note that you must gain permission to use any images you find unless they are specifically marked as Creative Commons licensed.

Flickr

Flickr offers an advanced search screen that allows you to find photos, screenshots, illustrations, and videos on their network. You can also search within Creative Commons licensed content.

Pinterest

The ultimate image platform, Pinterest allows you to search for anything visual – clothing, cars, floors, airplanes, etc and pin it to your favorites. Just be sure you don’t steal copyright work. You will need to have an account before you can begin searching.

Bing

Bing offers an image search that starts out with the top trending images, then leads to images which can be filtered by size, layout, and other criteria. They also display tabs above the results with related search queries.

Google

Google Advanced Image Search allows you to get even more specific about the images you are looking for, including specifying whether they are faces, photos, clip arts, or line drawings. You can also search within images labeled for reuse commercially and with modifications.

TinEye

Have you seen an image around the web and want to know where it came from? That’s what TinEye is for. Just put your image in the search box and TinEye will find where that image has been seen from around the web.

Creative Commons Media

Need to find media created by others to use on your website? Try these Creative Commons searches.

Creative Commons

Looking for only images that you can repurpose, use for commercial purposes, or modify? Try the Creative Commons Search which will allow you to look through multiple sources including Flickr, Google Images, Wikimedia, and YouTube.

Wikimedia

Wikimedia Commons has over 12 million files in their database of freely usable images, sound bites, and videos. Use the search box or browse by categories for different types of media.

Video Search

Looking for a video to embed on your website or simply entertain you? Try these video search engines that look across multiple sources to find what you need.

Yahoo

Yahoo Video Search allows you to search through video content from their own network, YouTube, Dailymotion, Metacafe, Myspace, Hulu, and other online video providers for videos on any topic.

360Daily

360Daily allows you to go beyond YouTube to find videos on any topic from hundreds of sites including big names like YouTube and Hulu. If you’re looking for video, you’ll likely find it here.

AOL Video Search

AOL Video aggregates the days best clips from around the web, but you can also use it as a search engine.

Google Video

With Google Video Search you’ll be able to search for videos on any topic and filter your results by duration, the date when uploaded, video source, and much more.

Website Data & Statistics

Looking for information about your favorite brands and websites? Try out these search engines for data and statistics.

CrunchBase

CrunchBase offers insight into your favorite online brands and companies. Listings will tell you people who are associated with a company, contact information, related videos, screenshots, and more.

SimilarWeb

SimilarWeb allows you to search for website or app profiles based specific domains or app names. Domains with a high volume of traffic will have data including total regional visitors per month, pageviews online vs. mobile, demographics, sites similar audiences like, and more.

BuiltWith

Curious to see what technology your favorite sites use and usage trends of that technology? BuiltWith allows you to search for domains and see the technology they use, including analytics, content management systems, coding, and widgets. You can also click on any of the products to see usage trends, industries using the technology, and more.

Advanced Google

Can’t get away from Google, but want to get more out of it than a simple Google.com search? Try these advanced Google search features.

Google Advanced Search

Looking for something specific? Try Google Advanced Search or use Advanced Operators in your search queries.

Google Scholar

If you are looking for articles, theses, books, abstracts, court opinions or other information provided by academic publishers, professional societies, and university, try Google Scholar Advanced Search. You can also use Advanced Operators to refine your search results even more.

Google Books

Google Advanced Book Search will help you find search queries in books. You can also find entire books published online that might be available to download via PDF (when in the public domain).

Google Search Features

Need to check stock quotes, the time in another city, sports scores, or other specific information? The Google Search Features page allows you to search for everyday essentials, local listings, health information, and much more.

Categorized in Search Engine

Searching for a different perspective

Unless we specifically disable them, trackers are constantly watching us move around the web, building up a picture of our interests and biases. Then, algorithms reflect these opinions back at us, presenting us with news, articles, and answers that support what we already think.

We're more likely to click things that fit our existing thoughts and interests – but wouldn't objectivity be better?

Jordi Ribas, corporate vice president of AI products at Bing, thinks so Ribas manages Microsoft's search engine from its headquarters in the US, but lived in the UK for three and a half years while he established the Bing team in Europe.

"Obviously as a search engine, our mission is the provide results that are as comprehensive, as objective and as trustworthy as possible," Ribas told TechRadar. "If anything, in a world of fake news and misinformation on the web, I think objectivity in search couldn’t be more important."

Identifying multi-perspective questions

To that end, Bing has launched a new feature called Intelligent Answers. When you enter a question with several valid answers, the search engine summarizes them all in a carousel to give a balanced overview.

Intelligent Answer result in Bing
 
Ask it whether coffee is good for you and Bing will realize there are two main sentiments – both expressed by authoritative sources – and present them both as Intelligent Answers

"Sometimes there's a single answer for a query, but sometimes we’re able to understand and identify that there are multiple perspectives," said Ribas. "We use advanced AI techniques based on deep learning that essentially read the entire web, then try to find which passage or set of passages are most relevant to that question. With machine reading comprehension or MRC, we are sometimes able to identify multiple perspectives, where multiple sources converge into the same answer."

Identifying questions with multiple answers involves several techniques, including sentiment analysis, which identifies the opinions expressed in a piece of text – positive, negative or neutral.

Our mission is the provide results that are as comprehensive, as objective and as trustworthy as possible

Jordi Ribas

"Take a simple query like ‘Is coffee good for you?’" said Ribas. "There are plenty of reputable sources that tell you that there are good reasons for drinking coffee, but there are also some very reputable ones that say the opposite. Deep learning allows us to project multiple queries in the passages to what we call the semantic space and find the matches.

"Then we find that there are documents that cluster separately when you apply the sentiment analysis technique. There’s a set of documents that cluster towards positive reasons for coffee and some that cluster around negative reasons for coffee. If we find that there are authoritative sources on both, then we realise that this question really deserves a multi-perspective answer. And that’s what we call it."

Bursting the bubble

Although the Intelligent Answers might challenge our expectations, Ribas says the response so far has been very positive.

"I think what’s happening today – because of a lot of the personalized feeds on the web, social media, trying to reinforce some of the same articles and the same information that users click on, people end up living in a bit of a bubble.

I feel like search engines have a responsibility to be more objective

Jordi Ribas

And so if you have certain political views, or you have certain biases, you interact with technology in a certain way, and then the algorithms learn that, and they end up reinforcing the same biases that you have. That’s what’s making society a little bit further apart these days, and it’s helping polarize society. I feel like search engines have a responsibility to be more objective, and ultimately our goal is to provide as trustworthy and objective information as we can."

Ribas says industry professionals are pleased with the results as well. "A lot of the feedback we got from analysts in the US was ‘Aha, finally someone is taking responsibility and taking a step forward, and not just saying the answer is negative because that’s what the algorithm tells us.’

"No, we need to work harder and invest in these more advanced algorithms that help us understand that a given question has multiple perspectives. We do feel that it is our responsibility to provide those perspectives, and kind of get people out of their bubble."

Intelligent Answers aren't influenced by your browsing history either, and don't contain any ads or 'sponsored' articles.

"The ads follow a different process," Ribas said. "In fact, even our ads team is separate from what we call the algorithmic team, and we have a specific location for ads. Usually it’s at the top of the page, as you can see, sometimes on the right rail, and we label them as ads. This part has no signal from ads whatsoever."

Feedback and the future

Intelligent Answers only form a small percentage of search results at the moment, but Ribas and his team are plans to build it up – though not too fast.

The danger of any algorithm that uses AI is that it will make mistakes sometimes.

Jordi Ribas

"We’re still learning a lot, and we’re still trying to improve it, and we also want to be cautious not to go overboard," he said. "We want to make sure that precision is high, because the danger of any algorithm that uses AI, since it’s a machine learning algorithm, is that it will make mistakes sometimes.

"We want to make sure that users have a quick way to tell us. We can take a look at what happened and how we can improve the algorithm. And so that’s why we started small, but you will see more coverage as time goes on."

You can offer feedback on Intelligent Answers (and any other aspect of Bing) using the link at the bottom of the results page, and the option might be made more prominent in future, appearing up alongside the answers themselves.

Intelligent Answers feedback

Bing is soliciting feedback on Intelligent Answers, and you can give your thoughts via a link at the bottom of the results page. The option might be made more prominent as IA rolls out more widely

You might soon see Intelligent Answers in other places too – including Cortana. "If you ask Cortana whether coffee is good for you, I think today Cortana probably doesn’t have an answer because there isn’t just one," Ribas said. "But every time you have a single answer at the top in Bing, that actually flows through Cortana, and so we’re working now so that Cortana would say ‘Actually, there are different perspectives on this. According to this source there a few things that coffee is good for, but according to this other source, if you drink too much coffee it can be harmful for you.’ And so that is definitely is in the works."

Hopefully the slow-but-steady approach means the team won't need too much caffeine to see them through late shifts.

 Source: This article was published techradar.com By Cat Ellis

Categorized in Search Engine

Googled your name lately? You might be surprised by what you find.

If someone has your name and your approximate age, they can find out a lot about you online.

Digital journalist Yael Grauer says people search sites like Spokeo, Whitepages, and MyLife make a lot of your personal information widely available.

Public records, court documents, real estate, voter rolls,  are all places Grauer says your information is pulled from.

And it's up to you to get it taken down. In an article for the website Motherboard, Grauer gives a list of people search sites and how to request that your information is removed.

Some sites like MyLife, require a phone call or email. But others have more hoops for you to jump through.

"They want you to mail your driver’s license," Grauer said.

Even then, removal may not be permanent.

"You have to repeat this process every three months or so," Grauer says of the privacy service.

Grauer says the privacy service, Delete Me, offers to continuously have you removed for an annual fee.

But Grauer says the easiest way to keep them out of your business is to "be careful about not giving out your information as much as possible."

That could mean using a P.O. box or your work address to receive mail — or using your initials instead of your full name when making purchases.

Source: This article was published kshb.com By Joe Ducey

Categorized in Search Engine

There are many things you will love and hate doing while at the university or college, and research is one of them. You will love it for the new exciting things you discover, but hate it for the tedious hours of digging into thousands of pages both online and at the library. One thing that will for sure save you a lot of stress is having reliable sources and useful websites to dig more effectively.

Every university has its own database that you are encouraged to use under your username. But in order to produce a good piece of work, you must consider as much relevant information as possible. So below is a list of handpicked search engines that can be used for academic purposes.

1. Google Scholar

google-scholar

Back at high school, you used to turn to Google for whatever it is you needed to find. Well, this doesn’t change much at the university or college level, only you will now use Google Scholar. It is the same search engine that limits your results to strictly academic sources, such as legal or nursing documents, scientific articles and etc.

2. iSEEK
iSeek is probably one of the most popular scholarly search engines used by both educators and their students. Its potential in finding relevant information is incredible and you will definitely appreciate the way your results can be filtered by place, subject, author or even school level.

3. Google Book Search
It certainly pays off to go to a library, but unlike at the university library, you can always be 100% sure you will find the book you are looking for using Google book search. Use it for finding references to your subject in both newest and old books, browse the pages that interest you and know exactly where you can find that book if you need to have it.

4. Google Correlate
Google is very cool about coming up with some of the best ways to search for information. Using Google Correlate you can find data that compares (or correlates) with whatever issue you are studying.

5. RefSeek
RefSeek probably has just as many books, articles and newspaper copies as Google does. It filters your results showing specifically the trustworthy academic pages and has no distracting paid links.

6. Microsoft Academic Search

microsoft-academic

Microsoft is one useful multifunctional system that you can use not only for typing or formatting your paper but also for browsing an enormous amount (over 40 million) of educational resources. I personally love it for the kind of visual content (infographics and charts) you can find there.

7. Online Journal Search Engine
If you know exactly what you are looking for and need a lot of criteria to narrow down your search, then The Online Journal Search Engine should be your choice. It gives you over 60 filter options and has search capacity over some hundreds of scientific databases.

8. Open Directory of Open Access Repositories
Yet another custom Google search engine, Open DOAR is wired to search free academic resources. This is perfect for interim student research papers, since paying for scientific publications can really make you go broke.

9. Virtual Learning Resources Center
For those who are simply browsing the topic and want just academic websites to pop up in the results – Virtual LRC is a type of a custom Google search that filters out non-academic pages.

10. Science Direct

science-direct

Science Direct is a simple scientific search engine that lets you find a keyword and has a place to put your main filters (such as author, journal, year) right on the main page.

11. State Legislative Websites Directory
Lawyers will appreciate the possibility to browse all 50 State legislative websites in one place.

12. National Archives
National archives can have a lot of first-hand information that will be useful to you, such as original documents, bills, historic artifacts and etc. This is a place to browse all of them in the same time.

13. Archives Hub
A free search engine that digs through public British archives from Scotland, Wales and England.

14. Library of Congress
It is hard to think of a more trustworthy resource than the electronic archive of the biggest library in the world. With the digital era penetrating into everything, they now allow you to search books, historical photos and much more.

15. National Agricultural Library

national-agricultural-library

U.S. Department of Agriculture has come up with an extensive website where you can find a lot of trustworthy sources on agricultural topics.

16. Smithsonian Institution Research Information System
Have you ever been to the Smithsonian museums in Washington? Now you can have access to all that information online – and that is almost 8 million records!

17. Pixsy
Use these engines for searching visual files. You can even find YouTube videos there, as well as search suitable images for your text by just drawing a sketch.

18. Cornell University Archive
Many universities have their own databases, but very few make them available to anyone who’s looking. Cornell University gave you open access to all their digital academic resources – it would be a shame to miss out on this chance.

19. U.S. Government Publications Catalog
A lot of teachers appreciate links to publications in your works, so here is another resource that allows you to find a lot of things in all the American Government publications, whether they are recent or have been published years ago.

20. UCR Library

ucr-library

One of the best online databases for scientific publications, books and other scholarly resources.

21. The British Library
While the United States have the biggest library, Brits have good ones to brag about as well. And professors love it when you use foreign resources. So check out the British Library for a different kind of perspective on your topic.

22. WolframAlpha
The future of smart search might be here: Wolfram doesn’t just generate similar results, it analyses them for you and answers the questions or tasks you set.

23. Digital Library of the Commons
This is a great source of free international literature, be it dissertations, books or papers.

24. OAIster
Not all the valuable information is written in black and white. You can generate a lot of quality insights and explanations from listening to over millions of records related to your topic. And the best part is that you can listen to them while having lunch or dinner – talk about time saving!

25. Directory of Open Access Journals
Another search engine that is programmed to dig through thousands of scientific and scholarly resources. They also have a strong focus on the peer-reviewed publications and resources.

Source: This article was published quertime.com By Kelly J. Harris

Categorized in Search Engine

Today, almost everyone has some kind of presence on the internet; direct or indirect. So it’s really easy to find anyone if you do a proper online search. In your search for people, people search engines can help immensely.

These search engines dig deep into online records to look for people using different parameters. If you are looking for someone special or just want to say thank you to the guy who saved you from that bully in high school, you can take advantage of any of the below-mentioned people search engines.

1. Pipl

Pipl is one of the most comprehensive people search engines that can find people all over the world using different parameters. You can enter a name, email address, username or phone number to start searching for people (more information; the better).

pipl

Pipl is a reliable and quite an easy to use platform that allows you to quickly find anyone, anywhere. Additionally, you can use filters like age and location pinpoint the right person. I searched for multiple people on Pipl and found almost all of them in the first 10 results (including myself).

2. Peek You

Peek You uses the similar approach as Pipl when it comes to searching for the database, but it might not be as easy to use. It shows extensive information about a given name or username that might be a little difficult to absorb for novice users.

peek you

Peek You offers extensive information including emails, social profiles, public records, web search results and images for the name you entered. You will have to comb through all of this information to find the exact match. It is one of the best tools if you want to see the web presence and images of people.

3. ZabaSearch

The US only people search engine, ZabaSearch is a great search engine if you are looking for someone in the USA. It will show their phone number, state, and address to track them.

zabasearch
Takeaway

With ZabaSearch, you can run extensive background checks to see anyone’s public records and social presence. There is also an option to send messages directly from the website to people to ask if they are the one you are looking for.

4. Whitepages

WhitePages shows complete profiles of people living in the USA so you could run background checks or find someone specific. Age and location filters make it easy to pinpoint the right person, and then you can view their profile for more information.

whitesearch

Whitepages has a simple interface and offers a number of features. The information you can get includes, family members, public records, contact details and other business-oriented information.

5. Beenverified

BeenVerified offers comprehensive information on names, emails, phone numbers and even properties, but you will have to get the paid membership if you want all the information. If you need to run background checks frequently, then BeenVerified might be worth a try.

beenverified

The unique feature about BeenVerified is that it can give you detailed information about people in a specific area. All the basic information about people is free, but it can also create a complete profile of selected people for paid members.

6. Address Search

As the name suggests, Address Search lets you do lookups on email addresses and street addresses of people. Limited to only the USA, it will show you email and location of people using the name or other information provided.

address search

Address Search gives you free information on millions of email and mailing addresses. However, it hides both email and street address partially to respect the privacy of people. Nevertheless, you can send an email through the website to the person you’re trying to find.

7. Google Search

Google Search isn’t actually a people search engine, but it could be the most customizable one. Though Google will show tons of unrelated information, you can take advantage of Google advanced search to pinpoint your search.

google search

Google has data on all the websites and can offer a huge amount of information about anyone or any contact detail. You can customize the search according to your specific requirements. Check out our guide to use Google Search better to understand how you can effectively search for people online.

8. Criminal Searches

Criminal Searches lets you see the criminal record of anyone using basic information provided by you. From basic traffic violations to time spent in jail, it will tell you all the criminal background of people. You can use advanced search parameters to look for the right person.

criminal searches

Criminal Searches is the best option for finding criminal records of people. It lets you know about people with criminal background in your neighborhood, or get alerts for the recorded criminal activity of specific people.

9. Lullar

Lullar is a people search engine specifically made for finding profiles of people on different social media. Some of the social websites include Facebook, Google Plus, Twitter, YouTube, MySpace, and Pinterest, etc.

lullar

Lullar is the perfect platform if you need to see someone’s presence on multiple social networks. You can provide name, email or username of anyone and it will run a search on popular social media platforms for matching people.

10. Infobel

Infobel is specially created for finding information about companies, but it also helps you do a search on people working in different companies or businesses.

infobel

With information on companies in 51 countries, Infobel shows their exact location, creation date, stock information and other details about the working of the company. If you’re searching for a person, it will show contact information and information about their work background.

11. Yasni

Yasni might be a little overwhelming, but it can be extremely helpful if you manage to pinpoint it. When you search for someone, it will show the usual information for that name. Additionally, you can also look for people based on their working background.

yasni

Yasni helps you find people based on professional background. It will show locations and work/title backgrounds at the top so that you can pinpoint the person you’re looking for. This makes it astonishingly easy get specific information about the person you’re interested in.

12. Facebook Friend Browser

You can take advantage of the Facebook Friend Browser to quickly look for people using different parameters. By default, Facebook shows all the people who you have any connection with, but you can also manually search for people. If they have a Facebook profile, then finding them shouldn’t be too much of a problem.

facebook friend browser

Being the biggest social network with 1.79 billion active users, there is a good chance the person you are looking for also has an account on Facebook. There is a search form on Facebook where you can enter the name, hometown, current city, school or occupation and other profile related information to find the exact match.

13. Person LookUp

Person LookUp gives you access to multiple people search engines to find people using specific parameters or access specific information about them.

person lookup

Person Lookup is a search engine to find different people search engines. There are search engines to find public records, find school friends, find peoplebased on location and find contact information about people etc.

14. Find People Search

Find People Search will show the exact address, phone number, and email address of the person you’re searching for specifically in the US. You can also send them an email, delete their information and set up notifications for more information on the person.

find people search

A very easy to use people search engine that offers a good amount of contact information about people. You simply need to provide a name or email address and select the US state where they reside. You can also get a notification when information will be updated for a specific person.

15. MyLife

MyLife is good for finding information about people, but it is more useful in finding online information about yourself so you can manage it according to your needs. Of course, you can also use this tool to get more information about other people. However, you will have to sign up for a free account to see the reports.

mylife

If you think your background information may affect your future, then you can use MyLife to track what other people can find out about you online and manage this information manually.

To Summarize

With access to all the aforementioned people search engines, it shouldn’t be too much of a problem to find the person you are looking for. If one search engine fails to find the person, you should give try to others. Each search engine uses different databases to look for people, so you never know which one may be able to help you.

My recommendation would be to give Pipl a try first as it does a great job of quickly finding people. However, if you are interested in learning more about a person, then Yasni or MyLife is a good choice too.

 Source: This article was published hongkiat.com By Karrar Haider

Categorized in Search Engine

A new book shows how Google’s search algorithms quietly reinforce racist stereotypes.

Are search engines making us more racist?

According to Safiya Umoja Noble, a professor of communication at the University of Southern California, the answer is almost certainly yes.

Noble’s new book, Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism, challenges the idea that search engines like Google provide a level playing field for all ideas, values, and identities. She says they’re inherently discriminatory and favor the groups that designed them, as well as the companies that fund them.

This isn’t a trivial topic, especially in a world where people get more information from search engines than they do from teachers or libraries. For Noble, Google is not just telling people what they want to know but also determining what’s worth knowing in the first place.

I reached out to Noble last week to find out what she had learned about the unseen factors driving these algorithms, and what the consequences of ignoring them might be.

A lightly edited transcript of our conversation follows.

Sean Illing

What are you arguing in this book?

Safiya Umoja Noble

I’m arguing that large, multinational advertising platforms online are not trusted, credible public information portals. Most people think of Google and search engines in particular as a public library, or as a trusted place where they can get accurate information about the world. I provide a lot of examples to show the incredible influence of advertising dollars on the kinds of things we find, and I show how certain people and communities get misrepresented in service of making money on these platforms.

Sean Illing

Who gets misrepresented and how?

Safiya Umoja Noble

I started the book several years ago by doing collective searches on keywords around different community identities. I did searches on “black girls,” “Asian girls,” and “Latina girls” online and found that pornography was the primary way they were represented on the first page of search results. That doesn’t seem to be a very fair or credible representation of women of color in the United States. It reduces them to sexualized objects.

So that begs the question: What’s going on in these search engines? What are the well-funded, well-capitalized industries behind them who are purchasing keywords and using their influence to represent people and ideas in this way? The book was my attempt to answer these questions.

Sean Illing

Okay, so at the time you did this research, if someone went to Google and searched for “black women,” they would get a bunch of pornography. What happens if they type in “white girls” or “white women”? Or if they search for what should be a universal category, like “beautiful people”?

Safiya Umoja Noble

Now, fortunately, Google has responded to this. They suppressed a lot of porn, in part because we’ve been speaking out about this for six or seven years. But if you go to Google today and search for “Asian girls” or “Latina girls,” you’ll still find the hypersexualized content.

For a long time, if you did an image search on the word “beautiful,” you would get scantily clad images of almost exclusively white women in bikinis or lingerie. The representations were overwhelmingly white women.

People often ask what happens when you search “white girls.” White women don’t typically identify as white; they just think of themselves as girls or women or individuals. I think what you see there is the gaze of people of color looking at white women and girls and naming whiteness as an identity, which is something that you don’t typically see white women doing themselves.

Sean Illing

These search algorithms aren’t merely selecting what information we’re exposed to; they’re cementing assumptions about what information is worth knowing in the first place. That might be the most insidious part of this.

Safiya Umoja Noble

There is a dominant male, a Western-centric point of view that gets encoded into the organization of information. You have to remember that an algorithm is just an automated decision tree. If these keywords are present, then a variety of assumptions have to be made about what to point to in all the trillions of pages that exist on the web.

And those decisions always correlate to the relationship of advertisers to the platform. Google has a huge empire called AdWords, and people bid in a real-time auction to optimize their content.

That model — of information going to the highest bidder — will always privilege people who have the most resources. And that means that people who don’t have a lot of resources, like children, will never be able to fully control the ways in which they’re represented, given the logic and mechanisms of how search engines work.

Sean Illing

In the book, you talk about how racist websites gamed search engines to control the narrative around Martin Luther King Jr. so that if you searched for MLK, you’d find links to white supremacist propaganda. You also talk about the stakes involved here and point to Dylann Roof as an example.

Safiya Umoja Noble

In his manifesto, Dylann Roof has a diatribe against people of color, and he says that the first event that truly awakened him was the Trayvon Martin story. He says he went to Google and did a search on “black-on-white crime.” Now, most of us know that black-on-white crime is not an American epidemic — that, in fact, most crime happens within a community. But that’s a separate discussion.

So Roof goes to Google and puts in a white nationalist red herring (“black-on-white crime.”) And of course, it immediately takes him to white supremacist websites, which in turn take him down a racist rabbit hole of conspiracy and misinformation. Often, these racist websites are designed to appear credible and benign, in part because that helps them game the algorithms, but also because it convinces a lot of people that the information is truthful.

This is how Roof gets radicalized. He says he learns about the “true history of America,” and about the “race problem” and the “Jewish problem.” He learns that everything he’s ever been taught in school is a lie. And then he says, in his own words, that this makes him research more and more, which we can only imagine is online, and this leads to his “racial awareness.”

And now we know that shortly thereafter, he steps into the “Mother” Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina, and murders nine African-American worshippers in cold blood, in order to start a race war.

So the ideas that people are encountering online really matter. It matters that Dylann Roof didn’t see the FBI statistics that tell the truth about how crime works in America. It matters that he didn’t get any counterpoints. It matters that people like him are pushed in these directions without resistance or context.

Sean Illing

My guess is that these algorithms weren’t designed to produce this effect, but I honestly don’t know. What is driving the decision-making process? Is this purely about commercial interests?

Safiya Umoja Noble

It’s difficult to know exactly what Google’s priorities are, because Google’s search algorithm is proprietary, so no one can really make sense of the algorithm except by looking at the output. All of us who study this do it by looking at the end results, and then we try to reverse-engineer it as best we can.

But yes, it’s pretty clear that what’s ultimately driving tech companies like Google is profit. I don’t imagine that a bunch of racists is sitting around a table at Google thinking of ways to create a racist product, but what happens, however, is that engineers simply don’t think about the social consequences of their work. They’re designing technologies for society, and they know nothing about society.

In its own marketing materials, Google says there are over 200 different factors that go into deciding what type of content they surface. I’m sure they have their own measures of relevance for what they think people want. Of course, they’re also using predictive technologies, like autosuggestion, where they fill in the blank. They’re doing that based on what other people have looked at or clicked on in the past.

Sean Illing

But the autosuggestion tool guarantees that majority perspectives will be consistently privileged over others, right?

Safiya Umoja Noble

Right. People who are a numerical minority in society will never be able to use this kind of “majority rules” logic to their benefit. The majority will always be able to control the notions of what’s important, or what’s important to click on, and that’s not how the information landscape ought to work.

Sean Illing

I’m sure some people will counter and say that these are essentially neutral platforms, and if they’re biased, they’re biased because of the human users that make them up. In other words, the problem isn’t the platform; it’s the people.

Safiya Umoja Noble

The platform exists because it’s made by people. It didn’t come down from an alien spacecraft. It’s made by human beings, and the people who make it are biased, and they code their biases into search. How can these things not inform their judgment?

So it’s disingenuous to suggest that the platform just exists unto itself and that the only people who can manipulate it or influence it are the people who use it when actually, the makers of the platform are the primary source of responsibility. I would say that there are makers, as well as users, of a platform. They have to take responsibility for their creations.

Source: This article was published vox.com By Sean Illing

Categorized in Search Engine

Any document type that the publishing-API knows about can be added to our internal search. By default, all document types in internal search also get included in the GOV.UK sitemap, which tells external search engines about our content.

The app responsible for search is Rummager. Rummager listens to RabbitMQ messages about published documents to know when to index documents. For the new document type to be indexed, you need to add it to a whitelist.

Rummager has its own concept of document type, which represents the schema used to store documents in Elasticsearch (the search engine).

Normally, you’ll map your document type an existing rummager document type. If in doubt, use “edition” - this is used for most documents.

Then, modify mapped_document_types.yml with the mapping from the publishing API document type.

If you want a search to be able to use metadata that isn’t defined in any rummager document type, then you’ll need to add new fields to rummager.

Rummager knows how to handle most of the core fields from the publishing platform, like title, description, and public_updated_at. It looks at the body or parts fields to work out what text to make searchable. If your schema uses different fields to render the text of the page, update the IndexableContentPresenter as well.

The part of rummager that translates between publishing API fields and search fields are elasticsearch_presenter.rb. Modify this if there is anything special you want a search to do with your documents (for example: appending additional information to the title).

2. Add the document type to migrated_formats.yaml

Add the document_type name to the migrated list in rummager.

3. Reindex

Reindex the govuk index following the instructions in Reindex an Elasticsearch index

4. Republish all the documents

Republish all the documents. If they have been published already, you can republish them with the publishing-api represent_downstream rake task:

rake represent_downstream:document_type[new_document_type]

You can test that the documents appear in search through the API using a query such as:

Source: This article was published docs.publishing.service.gov.uk 

Categorized in Search Engine

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