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Internet Privacy and Freedom of Expression


Privacy is a fundamental right, even though it is difficult to define exactly what that right entails. Privacy can be regarded as having a dual aspect – it is concerned with what information or side of our lives we can keep private; and also with the ways in which third parties deal with the information that they hold – whether it is safeguarded, shared, who has access and under what conditions.

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Principles of Internet Privacy


Paul Schwartz's Internet Privacy and the State makes an important and original contribution to the privacy debate that is currently raging by beginning the process of framing a new and more useful understanding of what "privacy" is and why and how it should be protected.' The definition developed by Brandeis, Warren,2 and Prosser,3 and effectively codified by Alan Westin in 1967---"the claim of individuals, groups, or institutions to determine for themselves when, how, and to what extent information about them is communicated to others"---worked well in a world in which most privacy concerns involved physical intrusions (usually by the government) or public disclosures (usually by the media), which, by their very nature, were comparatively rare and usually discovered...

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Many organizations now emphasize the use of technology that can help them get closer to consumers and build ongoing relationships with them. The ability to compile consumer data profiles has been made even easier with Internet technology. However, it is often assumed that consumers like to believe they can trust a company with their personal details. Lack of trust may cause consumers to have privacy concerns. Addressing such privacy concerns may therefore be crucial to creating stable and ultimately profitable customer relationships. Three specific privacy concerns that have been frequently identified as being of importance to consumers include...

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The Ethics of Internet Privacy


An individual's right to privacy has always been highly cherished in the United States. This is in part due to the fact that the consequences for victims of privacy intrusions can be disastrous, ranging from hurtful rumors to identity theft and even ruined credit ratings. While most invasions of privacy are discreet, of little material value, and ostensibly do little harm beyond additional "junk mail," such indiscretions already worry the minds of Americans everywhere.

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Privacy on the Internet - An integrated EU Approach to On-line Data Protection


The main objective of this document is to offer a first approach to the issue of on-line privacy that can serve to raise awareness concerning the privacy risks related to the use of the Internet and that can at the same time offer guidance in the interpretation of both directives in this field. The Working Party is aware of the fact that privacy is high on the list of web users’ concerns2 . It is therefore especially important for the Working Party to address this issue while being aware of the fact that some controversial issues, raising particular debate, might require future work...

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Information Revelation and Internet Privacy Concerns on Social Network Sites: A Case Study of Facebook


Despite concerns raised about the disclosure of personal information on social network sites, research has demonstrated that users continue to disclose personal information. The present study employs surveys and interviews to examine the factors that influence university students to disclose personal information on Facebook. Moreover, we study the strategies students have developed to protect themselves against privacy threats. The results show that personal network size was positively associated with information revelation, no association was found between concern about unwanted audiences and information revelation and finally, students’ Internet privacy concerns and information revelation were negatively associated. The privacy protection strategies employed most often were the exclusion of personal information, the use of private email messages, and altering the default privacy settings. Based on our findings, we propose a model of information revelation and draw conclusions for theories of identity expression

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